HSC160 EXAM 3 STUDY GUIDE
HSC160 EXAM 3 STUDY GUIDE HSC 160
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This 11 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jennifer Miner on Monday April 11, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HSC 160 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Otiam in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 31 views.
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Date Created: 04/11/16
EXAM 3 STUDY GUIDE Chapter 8 1. What is the most crucial nutrient for life? WATER 2. Which of the following nutrients is required for the repair and growth of body tissue PROTEINS 3. Which of the following nutrients moves food through the digestive tract? FIBER 4. What substance plays a vital role in maintaining healthy skin and hair, insulating body organs against shock, maintaining body temperature, and promoting healthy cell function? FATS 5. Triglycerides make up about _____ percent of total body fat. 95% 6. Which of the following is a healthier fat to include in the diet? UNSATURATED FATS 7. Which vitamin maintains bone health? D12 8. Which of following is a trace mineral? IRON 9. Which of the following foods would be considered a healthy, nutrientdense food? NONFAT MILK 10. Lucas’s doctor diagnoses him with celiac disease. Which of the following foods should Lucas cut out of his diet to eat glutenfree? WHEAT 11. What is the first step towards improving our nutritional habits? RECOGNIZING WE EAT FOR MORE REASONS THAN JUST SURVIVAL 12. List the essential nutrients: WATER, PROTEINS, CARBOHYDRATES, FATS, VITAMINS, AND MINERALS 13. Water makes up ____ to ____ % of our body weight and is necessary for nearly all live processes. 50 – 60 14. _______ are major components of our cells and are key elements of antibodies, enzymes, and hormones. PROTEINS 15. _______ are our primary sources of energy. CARBOHYDRATES 16. _______ play an important role in maintaining body temperature and cushioning and protecting organs. FATS 17. _______ are organic compounds and _______ are inorganic compounds. VITAMENS MINERALS 18. What information do food labels provide? SERVING SIZE, NUMBER OF CALORIES, AMOUNTS OF VARIOUS NUTRIENTS, AND RECOMMENDED DAILY VALUES 19. Describe a healthy diet: ADEQUATE, MODERATE, BALANCED, VARIED, AND NUTRIENT DENSE 20. How can college students eat healthier? MAKE BETTER CHOICES AT RESTAURANTS, BUDGET, KEEP NUTRITIONAL FOOD IN DORM 21. ________ can provide a healthy alternative for people wishing to eat less or no meat. VEGETARIANISM 22. ________ are grown and produced without the use of synthetic pesticides, chemicals, or hormones. ORGANIC FOODS Chapter 9 1. The rate at which your body consumes food energy to sustain basic functions is your: BASAL METABOLIC RATE 2. Which of the following statement is false? THE MORE MUSCLES YOU HAVE, THE FEWER CALORIES YOU BURN 3. Which of the following statements about BMI is false? BMI IS ACCURATE FOR EVERYONE, INCLUDING PEOPLE WITH HIGH MUSCLE MASS 4. Which of the following BMI rates is considered over weight? 25 5. Which of the following body circumferences is most strongly associated with risk of heart disease and diabetes? WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE 6. One pound of additional body fat is created through consuming how many extra calories? 3,500 CAL 7. To lose weight, you must establish a: NEGATIVE CALORIC BALANCE 8. Successful, healthy, weight loss is characterized by: A LIFELONG PATTERN OF HEALTHFUL EATING AND EXERCISE 9. Which of the following is not a contributor to negative body image? INCREASED PROTION SIZES 10. Which of the following eating disorders includes compensatory behavior in its definition? BULIMIA NERVOSA 11. List some societal costs of obesity: INCREASED HEALTH CARE COSTS, LOWERED WORKER PRODUCTIVITY, LOW SELF ESTEEM, AND OBESITYRELATED STIGMA 12. List some factors that contribute to obesity: ENVRIONMENTAL FACTORS, POVERTY, EDUCATION LEVEL, GENETICS, DEVELOPMENTAL FACTORS, ENDOCRINE INFLUENCES, PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS, EATING CUES, METABOLIC CHANGES, AND LIFESYTLE 13. _______ is a reliable indicator for levels of overweight and obesity. PERCENTAGE OF BODY FAT 14. _______ is most commonly defined as a BMI of 25 – 29. OVERWEIGHT 15. _______ is defined as a BMI of 30 or greater. OBESITY 16. _______ is believed to be related to risk for several chronic diseases, particularly type 2 diabetes. WAIST CIRCUMFRENCE 17. _______ is one of the most commonly accepted measures of assessing body fat. BMI 18. What are the best options for weight loss and maintenance? SENSIBLE EATING AND EXERCISE 19. List drastic measures for weight loss some people take. DIET PILLS, SURGERY, AND VERY LOW CALORIE DIETS 20. How do you gain weight in a healthy fashion? INCREASE TAKE OF ENERGYDENSE, NUTRITIOUS FOODS 21. List eating disorders: ANOREXIA NERVOSA, BULIMIA NERVOSA, AND BINGEEATING Chapter 10 1. The Maximum volume of oxygen consumed by the muscles during exercise defines: AEROBIC CAPACITY 2. Flexibility is the range of motion around: A JOINT OR SERIES OF JOINTS 3. Theresa wants to lower her ratio of fat to her total body weight. She wants to work on her: BODY COMPOSITION 4. Miguel is a runner able to sustain moderateintensity, wholebody activity for an extended amount of time. The ability relates to what component of physical fitness? CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS 5. The “talktest” measures: EXERCISE INTENSITY 6. An example of aerobic exercise is: BRISK WALKING 7. Isabella has been lifting 95 pounds while doing leg curls. To become stronger, she began lifting 105 pounds. What principle of strength development does this represent? OVERLOAD 8. Which of the following includes sequences of movement specifically designed to increase strength? PILATES 9. People with type 2 diabetes: CAN IMPROVE BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVELS THROUGH PHYSICAL ACTIVITY 10. Overuse injuries can be prevented by: MONITORING QUANTITY AND QUALITY OF WORKOUTS 11. ______ involves achieving minimal levels in the healthrelated components of fitness. PHYSICAL FITNESS 12. List the components of fitness: CARDIORESPIRATORY MUSCULAR STRENGTH, MUSCULAR ENDURANCE, FLEXIBILITY, AND BODY COMPOSITION 13. List skillrelated components of fitness: AGILITY, BALANCE, REACTION TIME, SPEED, COORDINATION, AND POWER 14. List the benefits of regular physical activity: REDUCED RISK OF HEART ATTACK, SOME CANCERS, HYPERTENSION, TYPE 2 DIABETES, AND IMPROVED BONE MASS, WEIGHT CONTROL, PHYSICAL FITNESS, IMMUNITY, MENTAL HEALTH, AND STRESS MANAGEMENT 15. When planning to improve fitness use ______ & ______. SMART goals & the FITT principle 16. For general health benefits, every adult should participate in what? MODERATE INTENSITY ACTIVITIES FOR 30 MINUTES AT LEAST 5 DAYS A WEEK 17. To improve cardiorespiratory fitness, one should engage in what? VIGOROUS, CONTINUOUS, AND RHYTHMIC ACTIVITIES 3 – 5 DAYS PER WEEK. 18. What are the 3 key principles for developing muscular strength and endurance? OVERLOAD, SPECIFICITY OF TRAINING, AND VARIATION 19. How can you improve muscular strength and muscular endurance? RESISTANCE TRAINING EXCERCISES MULTIPLE TIMES A WEEK 20. How can you improve flexibility? ENGAGING IN 2 OR 3 REPITIONS OF STATIC STRETCHING EXCERCISES AT LEAST 2 3 DAYS A WEEK 21. What should a regular comprehensive work out include? WARM UP WITH LIGHT STRETCHING, STRENGTHDEVELOPMENT EXCERCISES, AEROBIC ACTIVITES, AND A COOLDOWN WITH STRETCHING 22. _______ training is importance for maintaining full mobility and stability and for preventing back injury. CORE STRENGTH TRAINING 23. What should you consume to properly fuel for exercise? A BALANCE OF HEALTHY FOODS 3 – 4 HOURS BEFORE EXERCISE WITH PROPER HYDRATION TO AVOID INJURIES AND PERFORME BEST 24. What are fitness training injuries generally caused by? OVERUSE & TRAUMA Chapter 11 1. A stroke results: WHEN BLOOD FLOW IN THE BRAIN HAS BEEN COMPROMISED, EITHER DUE TO BLACKAGE OR HEMORRHAGE 2. Which of the following is correct about metabolic syndrome? IT INCLUDES HIGH FASTINF BLOOD GLUCOSE, OBESITY, HIGH TRIGLYCERIDE LEVELS, HYPERTENSION, AND OTHER RISKS 3. The “bad” type of cholesterol found in the bloodstream is known as: LOWDENSITY LIPOPROTEIN (LDL) 4. What does a person’s cholesterol level indicate? THE FORMATION OF FATTY SUBSTANCES CALLED PLAQUE, WHICH CAN CLOG THE ARTERIES 5. When cancer cells have metastasized: THEY HAVE SPREAD TO OTHER PARTS OF THE BODY 6. A cancerous neoplasm is a: MALIGNANT GROUP OF CELLS OR A TUMOR 7. “If you are a male and smoke, your chances of getting lung cancer are 23 times greater than those of a nonsmoker.” This statement refers to a type of risk assessed statistically known as: RELATIVE RISK 8. The more serious and lifethreatening type of skin cancer is: MELANOMA 9. Which of the following is true of type 2 diabetes? IT IS CORRELATED WITH OBSETITY AND SEDENTARY LIFE 10. By 2050, experts predict more than _______ Americans will have diabetes. 1 IN 3 11. What makes up the cardiovascular system? THE HEART AND CIRCULATORY SYTEM 12. What makes up the circulatory system? A NETWORK OF VESSELS THAT SUPPLY THE BODY WITH NUTRIENTS AND OXYGEN 13. List cardiovascular diseases: ATHEROSCLEROSIS, CORONARY HEART DISEASE, STROKE, HYPERTENSIONS, ANGIAN PECTORIS, ARRHYTHMIAS, CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE, AND CONGENITAL AND RHEUMATIC HEART DISEASE 14. What are some modifiable risk factors for CVD? SMOKING, HIGH BLOOD CHOLESTEROL AND TRIGLYCERIDE LEVELS, HYPERTENSION, LACK OF EXERCISE, A HIGH DIET IN SATURATED FAT, OBESITY, DIABETES, AND EMOTIONAL STRESS 15. What are some nonmodifiable risk factors for CVD? AGE, GENDER, AND HEREDITY 16. ______ is an established treatment for heart blockage; however, increasing numbers of ______ procedures and stents are also being used with great success CORONARY BYPASS SURGERY ANGIOPLASTY 17. Define cancer: A GROUP OF DISEASES CHARACTERIZED BY UNCONTROLLED GROWTH AND SPREAD OF ABNORMAL CELLS 18. What are the 4 categories of cancer? CARCINOMAS, SARCOMAS, LYMPHOMAS, AND LEUKIMIAS 19. What are some lifestyle factors for cancer? SMOKING, OBESITY, POOR DIET, LACK OF EXERCISE, AND STRESS 20. What are some biological factor for cancer? INHERITED GENES, AGE, AND GENDER 21. List common cancers: LUNG, BREAST, COLON, SKIN, PROSTATE, TESTICULAR, OVARIAN, LEUKIMIA, AND LYMPHOMAS 22. How can you improve you survival rates for cancer? EARLY DIAGNOSIS AND SELFEXAMS FOR BREAST, TESTICULAR, AND SKIN CANCERS 23. _______ is characterized by persistently high level of glucose in blood. DIABETES MELLITUS 24. In _______, the immune system attacks insulinmaking cells in pancreas, dangerously elevating insulin levels. TYPE 1 DIABETES 25. In _______, the pancreas doesn’t make sufficient insulin, or cells do not use it correctly TYPE 2 DIABETES 26. What are some risks for factors for diabetes? AGE, ETHNICITY, GENETICS, AND LIFESTYLE 27. What are some treatments for diabetes? IMPROVE LIFESTYLE FACTORS, TAKING MEDICATIONS, UNDERGOING WEIGHTLOSS SURGERY, AND RECEIVING INSULIN Chapter 12 1. Jennifer touched her viral herpes sore on her lip and then touched her eye. She ended up with herpes virus in her eye. This is an example of AUTOINOCULATION 2. Which of the following do NOT assist the body in fighting disease ANTIGENS 3. An example of passive immunity: THE ANTIBODYCONTAINING PART OF THE VACCINE THAT CAME FROM SOMEONE ELSE 4. Which of the following is a viral disease: HEPATITIS 5. Because colds are always present to some degree throughout the world, they are said to be: ENDEMIC 6. Which of the following diseases is caused by a prion? MAD COW DISEASE 7. Which of the following is a true statement about HIV? DRUGS CAN PROVIDE LONGER SURVIVAL RATES FOR HIV 8. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an: INFECTION OF A WOMAN’S FALLOPIAN TUBES OR UTERUS 9. The most widespread sexually transmitted bacterium is: CHLAMYDIA 10. Which of the following STI’s cannot be treated with antibiotics? HERPES 11. Your body has several defense systems to keep pathogens from invading. List: SKIN, IMMUNE SYSTEM, FEVER/PAIN, VACCINES 12. ______ is the body’s major protection. SKIN 13. What are the major classes of pathogens? BACTERIA, VIRUSES, FUNGI, PROTOZOANS, PARASITIC WORMS, AND PRIONS 14. Bacterial infections include: STAPH, STREP, MENIGITIS, PNEUMONIA, TB, AND TICKBORNE DISEASES 15. Major viral infections include: COMMON COLD, INFLUENZA, HEPATITIS, HERPES, CHICKEN POX, CHINGLES, MUMPS, MEASLES, AND RUBELLA 16. What emerging and resurgent diseases pose significant threats for future generations? AVIAN FLU, WEST NILE VIRUS, AND MALARIA 17. Possible solutions focus for above diseases focuses on ________. A PUBLIC HEALTH APPROACH TO PREVENTION 18. Many bacteria are evolving to become ________ that are resistant to antibiotics. ‘SUPER BUGS” 19. How can you prevent antibiotic resistance? BEING RESPONSIBLE WITH MEDICATIONS AND USING REGULAR (NOT ANTIBACTERIAL) SOAPS 20. How are STI’s spread? SEXUAL INTERCOURSE, ORALGENITAL CONTACT, ANAL SEX, HAND GENITAL CONTACT, AND MOUTHMOUTH CONTACT 21. What is AIDS caused by? THE HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) 22. How can you get HIV? ENGANGING IN HIGHRISK SEXUAL ACTIVITIES THAT INCLUDE EXCHANGE OF BODILY FLUIDS, BY HAVING RECEIVED A BLOOD TRANSFUSSION BEFORE 1985, OR INJECTING DRUGS 23. How can you reduce your risk for contracting HIV? NOT ENGAGING IN RISKY SEXUAL ACTIVITES OR IV/NEEDLE DRUG USE 24. List sexually transmitted diseases: CHLAYMDIA, GONNORRHEA, SYPHILIS HERPES, HPV, GENITAL WARTS, CANDIDIASIS, TRICHOMONIASIS, PUBIC LICE, AND SOME UTI’S
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