Study Guide for Islam Test
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Popular in Religion
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Brooke Kaufman on Tuesday April 12, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Rel 1000 at a university taught by Professor Riggs in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views.
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Date Created: 04/12/16
Islam Study Guide 1. Know these terms: a. Orthopraxy: correct practice b. Orthodoxy: correct belief c. Revelation: d. Revealed scripture: text that is shown to a prophet with the intention for them to spread the text to other people e. Prophet: voice calling people back to correct relationship with God 2. Islam history a. Muhammad was born in in the Quraysh tribe in Mecca. He lived in Mecca with his uncle and aunt b. The first time Muhammad had revelations that would consider him to be a prophet was when he was forty years old. He went to the cave Hira and the angel Jibreel came to him and demanded he recite the first words of what became the Qur’an. 3. Muhammadi Revolution a. During Muhammad’s life, prominent themes were tribe mentality, polytheism, the city of Mecca which was a religious and economic regional center. 4. Main characteristics of Islamic Belief a. Believe in one God b. Believe in all prophets and messengers of the JudeoChristian faith c. Believe in all the holy books of JudeoChristian tradition and the Qur’an d. Believe in the Day of Judgement e. Believe in Predestination f. Believe in angels 5. Five Pillars of Islam a. Believe and profess the unity of God and messengership of Muhammad (have respect and faith in God and Muhammad) b. Perform continual round of prayers (strengthens belief in God and purify soul) c. Charity or almsgiving must be performed with the prayer (you must share your bounty with others in order to remain selfless and better the community) d. Fasting (suggested frequently but only mandatory during Ramadan, brings great spiritual rewards and liberates the body from desire) e. Pilgrimage to Mecca (intense spiritual existence, put on plain white clothes, and just let themselves be enveloped in God’s wonder) 6. Muslims believe Muhammad was a prophet because he was chosen by the angel Jibreel to receive the word of God and spread it. He also was told to preach publically three years afterward in another revelation. He was the last prophet because the Qur’an says so in it’s script 7. Sources of authority a. Qur’an: official revealed text to Muhammad (think of it like our textbook) b. Sunna: oral account of the prophet Muhammad (think of the knowledge you remember from taking a class) c. Hadith: several personal records of the life of Muhammad, his wives, his family, and the people who claimed to interact with him (think of our notes in class)
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