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Exam 3 Study Questions

by: Mackenzie Ricco

Exam 3 Study Questions Soc 100Y

Mackenzie Ricco
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

These are the questions and their answers with citation for the third exam.
Introductory Sociology (FYE)
Dr. Wallace
Study Guide
sociology, Functionalism, Cultural, Culture, Ableism, Disability
50 ?




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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Mackenzie Ricco on Wednesday April 13, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Soc 100Y at Western Illinois University taught by Dr. Wallace in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology (FYE) in Sociology at Western Illinois University.


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Date Created: 04/13/16
Mackenzie Ricco Dr. Wallace 15 April 2016 Study Questions for Exam 3 1. What is cultural lag? Provide an example, being sure to identify the characteristics identified as material and nonmaterial culture. Cultural lag is, “the gap of time between the introduction of material culture and  nonmaterial culture’s acceptance of it.”  An example of cultural lag is slavery during the Civil  War era in the United States.  The newer generations and Northerners believed that slaves were  people who had rights.  When the older generation and the southerners were faced with this  information they were not willing to accept the change in culture.  This example of culture lag  created dissonance between the North and South sections of the country, which lead to a civil  war.  2. Explain the difference between subculture and counterculture, and give an  example of each. Subcultures are, “groups that share a specific identification, apart from a society’s  majority, even as the members exist in a larger society”; they do not follow the mainstream  culture but they do not oppose it, such as fraternities, sororities, and the Amish.  On the other  hand, counter cultures are, “groups that reject and oppose society’s widely accepted cultural  patterns.” The Klu Klux Klan and hipsters are great examples of counter culture groups. 3. Define the term ethnocentrism, and give an example. Ethnocentrism is the practice of evaluating another culture according to the standards of  one’s own culture. For example, it used to be that all of the French hated us because of our  actions during war.  This hate was passed on through generations because descendants chose to  think ethnocentrically instead of for themselves. 4. Provide one positive and one negative consequence of ethnocentrism. Positive: Someone may not take part in negative or destructive behavior because it  has  negative connotation with another culture. Negative: It encourages stereotypes and dissonance between cultures, regions, countries, etc. 5. Briefly describe the major points in structural functional theory. ● Level of Analysis: Macro to Mid  ● Focus: The way each part of society function together to contribute to the whole ● Founder: Herbert Spence (1820­1903) ● “The parts of society that spence referred to were the social institutions, or  patterns of beliefs and behaviors focused on meeting social needs, such as government,  education, family, health care, religion, and the economy.” (pg15 textbook) 6. What is cultural hegemony? How does it serve to those in power at the top of  social hierarchies? Cultural hegemony is, “the philosophic and sociological concept, originated by the  Marxist philosopher Antonio Gramsci, that a culturally­diverse society can be ruled or  dominated by one of its social classes.  It is the dominance of one social group over another, e.g.  the ruling class over all other classes (2010 Eureka) 7. What is manifest and latent function? Give an example of latent function. Manifest functions are the sought consequences of a social process while latent functions  are the unrecognized or unintended consequences of a social process.  For example, a class is  brought together to work on a group project about social classes, the students end up learning  more about each other and become friends outside of the classroom.   8. How does mainstream material culture fail to accommodate person of differing  ability statuses? Standardized testing is a narrowly designed test that is supposed to analyze the intelligence of  students, but the tests do not take into consideration Autism, ADD, ADHD, Life Skills  intelligence, and much more. 9. What is ableism? Give an example from U.S. Culture. Ableism is defined as discrimination in favor of able­bodied people (Google) or  discrimination or prejudice against individuals with disabilities (Merriam­Webster).    ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­ ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­ 10. If our material culture does not accommodate those who are “disabled,” what  does that tell us about the values underlying this aspect of culture? What do we value? It is obvious that our mainstream culture only values perfection and beauty.   11. What is dysfunction in Functionalism? Give an example. Dysfunctions in functionalism are social patterns that have undesirable consequences for  the operation of society.  Examples of dysfunctions can be “bad grades, truancy, dropping out,  not graduating, and not finding suitable employment” (page 15 textbook). 12. “What is inspiration porn”? Give an example. “Inspiration porn is an image of a person with a disability, often a kid, doing something  completely ordinary – like playing, or talking, or running, or drawing a picture, or hitting a tennis ball – carrying a caption like “your excuse is invalid” or “before you quit, try”(Gymnastics 13. What does it mean to say that disabled people are “objectified” by inspiration  porn? Inspiration porn defines the person as their disability instead of by them as a person.  It is  making it seem like their disability is all that society thinks matters about them.


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