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by: Molly Notetaker

Maslow PSYC 320 P13

Molly Notetaker

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About this Document

Notes for Maslow paper
Psychology of Religion
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Psychology of Religion

Popular in Psychlogy

This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Molly Notetaker on Wednesday April 13, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSYC 320 P13 at East Carolina University taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Religion in Psychlogy at East Carolina University.


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Date Created: 04/13/16
March 30th: Psychology of Religion     Causes  ● Affluence changed our values  ● Increased secularism downplayed religion  ● Civil unrest: assassinations; civil rights movement  ● Sexual change    Another cause  ● Rise of value­free science; facts and facts alone.  ○ Reproductive technology  ○ Weapons of mass destruction  ● No theory development on:  ○ What worth preserving in life (consumption vs. conservation) ­ sustainability   ○ What are ideals and end of life  ○ What is purpose of life  Maslow claims  ● Values neutral science is dangerous   ● Vacuum opens doors to extremist radicals on both ends of the spectrum  ● Must extend comprehension of human nature  ● Psychopathology (neurosis) is result of ignoring essential human nature    Needs = values (distinction between needs and wants)  ● If we can discover our basic needs­ we will discover our values  ● Needs are fundamental goals of human life    Deficiency Need  ● The higher the need ­ the more oriented outward and our needs are “intrinsically correct”  ○ Air, thirst, hunger sleep  ○ Security  ○ Belonging  ○ Esteem    ● Safety needs: to feel secure, safe and out of danger  ● Esteem needs: to achieve, be competent, gain approval and recognition  ● Belongingness and love needs: to affiliate with others; to be accepted and belong  ● The need to fulfil one’s unique potential (Self actualization)  ○ The best a human can become  ○ Person no longer deficient but seeking full self­fulfillment­ according to own  specific values and goals  ○ The striving is normative for all human beings   ○ Basic for humanistic school of thought  ● Characteristics of Self­Actualized People  ○ Increased perception of life beyond self  ○ Accept others as they are  ○ Calm and serene; comfortable with self  ○ Genuine desire to improve humankind   ○ SA people not perfect­ have faults­ but are able to work with life’s unsolved  problems  ○ Can come and go with changing circumstances  April 1st    ● Peak experiences of self­actualized people but also available to all people   ○ Transcendent state of being   ○ State of absolute happiness  ○ Life’s most ecstatic moments  ● Characteristics of peek experience  ○ Emotional   ○ Totally absorbed  ○ explosive/passive  ○ Feel as if on higher plane  ○ Absence of fear, conflict  ○ Can change one’s future life  ● Facilitators  ○ Music  ○ Love­ sex  ○ Beauty  ○ Athletics  ○ Childbearing  ○ Drugs  ● Dangers  ○ You can become addicted to a peak experience and it become negative   ○ Responsibility abandoned  ○ Infringe on rights of others  ● Common Peak Experiences  ○ Deep concentration  ■ More cognitive than emotional  ○ FInally figuring something out  ○ Finish project being working on  ● Plateau Experience  ○ Found often in older people  ○ Life blissful and serene; intense but not extreme  ○ Pure joy and happiness  ○ More cognitive than emotional  ○ Examples:  ■ Parents at graduations  ■ Holding grandchild  ■ Watching son or daughter perform something ect.  ● Religion  ○ Primarily experiential­ i.e­ my own relationship with God first  ○ Organized religion secondary (common to most theorists)  ○ Internal religion cause of one’s spiritual life and one’s peek experiences  ● Problems with organized religion  ○ A. The organizers:  ■ Attempt to take peak experience of someone else, reduce it to a formula  and pass it on to the masses  ■ Tend to become “organization persons”  ■ Tend to put totalt loyalty into institutions (‘for the good of the church’)  ○ B. The organizations:  ■ Become legalistic­ only one right way; system of laws  ■ Become bureaucratic, empty and dogmatic   ● Positives of organized Religion  ○ Most not ‘bad’ or ‘evil’  ○ Can often offer spiritual comfort to people   ○ Can do great good for community and society   ○ Many attempting to renew people’s commitment to values 


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