Final Psych SG
Final Psych SG Psych 105
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Rachel Meacham on Tuesday February 10, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Psych 105 at Washington State University taught by Olyseea Mikheeva in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see Psychology in Psychlogy at Washington State University.
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Date Created: 02/10/15
FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE Psych1055 Mikheeva Disorders 0 What is psychopathology Study of origins symptoms and development of psychological disorders 0 What are the 4 D39s of Abnormal Apply them to a speci c disorder Deviance Dysfunction Distress Danger What is considered a psychological disorder Patterns that cause personal distress impairs ability to function departure from social norms How do we diagnose a psychological disorder What are some issues with the system Diagnostic and Statistical Manual DSM issues with the system are gender bias and not enough cultural sensitivity Distinguish between anxiety and an anxiety disorder Anxiety quotNormal Anxietyquot Anxiety Disorder When it interferes with daily life 0 What is considered pathological anxiety Irrational Uncontrollable Disruptive What are some gender differences in anxiety More common in women than men 0 What are two ways that people deal with anxiety Describe what someone would do for each of these if they were anxious about an exam 1 Avoid 2 Overcontrol What is GAD Generalized Anxiety Disorder 0 What are some causes of GAD Biological psychological environment 0 What is a panic attack versus panic disorder Panic disorder is when you get panic attacks frequently and unexpectedly and panic attacks can be normal if occurred not at a normalfrequent rate 0 Describe a panic attack Symptoms like a heart attack increased heart rate which can cause chest pain and dif culty breathing What is agoraphobia Fear of panic attack in a public place which can cause a panic attack 0 Why do people develop panic disorder 0 What is the triple vulnerabilities model Biological predisposition low sense of control oversensitivity What is a phobia versus Speci c Phobia disorder Phobia is not a disorder 0 Give an example of a phobia one from each of the 4 categories Situation natural environment injuryblood animals 0 How do we explain speci c phobias o How are they developed and how are they maintained Come Observational learning classical conditioning Maintained Operant conditioning What is Social Phobia Irrational fear of being embarrassed or judged What is PTSD Anxiety disorder resulted from trauma 0 What are the 3 core symptoms of PTSD Flashbacks Avoidance Increased anxietyjumpiness o What can a therapy dog do for someone with PTSD Calm them down before they know that they are upset What is 0CD o What are the two main components Give an example of each Obsession Thoughts causing the anxiety and stress Compulsion repetitive behavior because of obsession o Howwhy does 0CD develop Lack of serotonin norepinephrinenegative reinforcement What is a mood disorder How do the 4 D39s apply to this They deviate from the norm Differentiate between major depression seasonal affective disorder and dysthymic disorder Major depression an episode lasting two weeks or more Seasonal Affective Disorder episode of depression around winterfall Dysthymic Disorder Chronic lowgrade depression lasting two years or more 0 If you were a counselor and a client came in what questions would you need to ask to distinguish between the 3 diagnoses When are your symptoms most prevalent how long they have lasted and how they feel How prevalent is major depression 15 lifetime prevalence What happens if major depression is left untreated Suicide worsening symptoms Whyhow does depression develop Genetics events biological Why do people stay depressed They think it will get better on its own and behavioral factors How long do we give someone to grieve before we start to consider that they may have MDD Two months Differentiate between Bipolar and Bipolar disorder Bipolar I is worse and requires hospitalization Bipolar ll does not What is the difference between bipolar I bipolar II and cyclothymic disorder The intensity of the bipolar When does bipolar usually rst begin Early onset2039s What are eating disorders Apply the 4 D39s to this Maladaptive disturbances in eating behavior What is the gender difference in eating disorders 95 are female cases Compare and contrast between anorexia restricting type anorexia bingepurge type bulimia and binge eating disorder What questions would you need to ask to gure out which disorder someone has Anorexia restricting Cutting large amounts of calories Anorexia BingePurge being severely underweight binge eating and purging Bulimia Normal size purging Binge Eating Disorder Binge eating and not purging What are speci c dangers of anorexia Bulimia Esophageal problems can39t reproduce acid affects teeth How do eating disorders usually develop By starting to diet What are some causes of eating disorders Genetics serotonin de ciency psychological environmental family dynamics How do eating disorders typically present in males Weight lifting wanting to get bigger and bigger What do we know about eating disorders and treatment What are some barriers to treatment Food is something you will always need and eating disorders last a lifetime What is binge eating disorder How is it different from obesity You can have binge eating disorder without being obese It is when you binge eat sometimes and don t purge What is schizophrenia What are the positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia Distorted beliefs perceptions and thought processes Positive Delusions false perceptions and hallucinations o What are the 4 types of delusions Give an example of each Delusions of reference everything is related to thembecause of them of grandeur powerfulimportant persecution others are out to get you and being controlled What is the course of schizophrenia 1 have one episode and recover another 14 have recurrent episodes and littleno impairment 12 have chronic and severe schizophrenia What is the role of substance use in schizophrenia Worsens symptoms What do we know about genetic predisposition to schizophrenia Offspring of twins study What are potential risk factors for schizophrenia Paternal age when father is older Prenatal viral infection abnormal brain structures excessive dopamine dysfunctional parenting What are the 3 clusters of personality disorders What are some disorders in each cluster Oddeccentric Dramaticemotionalerratic Anxiousfearful What is Antisocial PD Lie steal cheat manipulate Serial Killer PD Treatment What kind of problems do people seek out therapy for Life transitions therapy psychological disorders relationshipparenting issues Differentiate between psychotherapy and biomedical therapies What does each assume is the cause of the problem Psychotherapy Psychological techniques Biomedical Medication Each problem is speci c to the factors What is the goal of psychoanalytic therapy What are some techniques to reach this goal What is the course of psychoanalytic therapy Help discover unconscious con icts and gain insight to real source of problems Techniques Free association Dream interpretation transference 3 times a week for years What is lPT Give an example of 4 problems that could be addressed in lPT and how they t into one of the 4 categories of lPT Focuses on current relationships and social interactions caused and maintained by interpersonal problems 4 Categories of Problems 1 Unresolved grief 2 Role disputes 3 Role transitions 4 Interpersonal de cits o What disorders has lPT been shown to be effective for Depression eating disorders substance abuse What is humanistic therapy What is the role of the therapist in humanistic therapy Describe what a therapist might do to demonstrate the 3 conditions necessary Client centered therapy and the therapist are nondirective Three conditions Genuineness unconditional positive regard empathic understanding What is motivational interviewing most commonly used for What is the goal Help clients overcome mixed feelings and reluctance to change Substance abuse What is the goal of behavior therapy Modify speci c problem behaviors 0 Describe how someone might use systematic desensitization to treat a speci c fear Learning a new conditioned response relaxation that is incompatible with the old response fearanxiety What is aversive conditioning How well does it work Creating unpleasant conditioned response to harmful stimulus Hangovers What39s a therapy based on operant conditioning How does it work Behavior therapy learned by learning and unlearned behaviors What is the goal of cognitive therapy To try and ID thoughts and change them Give an example of a situation and how it ts into EIIis39s ABC model Promotion for work What is Beck39s Cognitive Therapy What is the goal here Empirically test accuracy of assumptions and beliefs What39s an advantage of cognitive therapy in treating depression It has a longer lasting effect How does CBT differ from just cognitive therapy It incorporates behavior therapies o What is it effective in treating Depression eating disorders substance abuse and anxiety disorders What39s ACT How does this differ from CBT Acceptance and Commitment Therapy Mindfullness based What are some advantages of group therapy More support cheaper role models What is the goal of family therapy How does this differ from individual therapies Assign roles to each member of the family and makes everyone interact to work through their issues How effective is psychotherapy according to research Better than nothing 0 Which type of therapy is most effective Cognitive therapy is better for long term results How does therapy compare to medication in treating disorders Medication gives more side effects but might be better for a quick and short term result Therapy makes the positive results last longer What are antipsychotic meds used for What are some drawbacks Reduce levels of dopamine Drawbacks Not a cure doesn39t treat negative symptons of schiz side effects that may cause other psychological disorders muscle tremors How are atypical antipsychotics better than regular antipsychotics Less movement related side effects treats negative symptoms better relapse is less likely What does ithium do Treats bipolar disorder What are SSRI39s used to treat Anxiety Disorders When is ECT used What is it used for What is the main drawback of ECT Depression Short term effects but can be lifesaving for suicidalrelapse in months is common
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