Communications Chapter 12 Reading Notes
Communications Chapter 12 Reading Notes Comm 150 - 64
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Comm 150 - 64
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This 11 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alison Lu on Tuesday February 10, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Comm 150 - 64 at San Francisco State University taught by Younes orchid in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 168 views. For similar materials see Communications in Communication at San Francisco State University.
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Date Created: 02/10/15
Communications Chapter Reading Notes eakin Process 139 Select and narrow topic Identify purpose Develop central lea Generate ideas Gather supporting material Organize presentation Rehearse presentation Deliver presentation Censider the audience Audienee eentered presentational speakers consider and adapt alldience at 617351 Stage Of speaking adapt to audience Understanding Speaker AnXieW speakar anxiety manifestation of physiological symptoms rapid heartbeat butter ies knee and hand shaking quiverin mice and easi e d Sweaty 39 know hew to develop a presentation 39 be prepared 39 practicerehearse a focus on audience focus on message give self mental pep talk deepr Lbrerathin techniques take advantage of to speak systematic desensitization perf nance visualizatien Selecting and Narrowing Your Tepie v who is the audience c rat interest quot at the quot at are interests and experiences sel awarenes tLSilent brainstorming 39 generate creative ideas3 minutes ling scanning broad topic potential and reading tpiie eyes and ears open persuade changereinforce audi en39ces ideas entertain audience smile laughj 0y inform to educate Specific puprse cencise statement 50f What listeners should be able to do when presentati n is done at the end of presentatien the audience Will Central Idea quot makes de nitive point about tropic quot guides audience as they listen audience centered re ect a 2 interest knOWl e de 10 not already 39 sinle 39 5 COm39PIBte declarative sentence statement direct language Generatin Ideas quot corresponding to paragraph supportsubdivide central idea v provide more detailed point Hftf39oeus for deVieIOpment quot leical v reasons true support in ehrenelogieal sequence Gatherin 1811 Material you and people Beelean Search Words tied together resulting phrase Accountability Objzeetivitx Date to diversity gt Becksa periodicals fulltext database newspapers reference resoureea government documents and special services Becksa card catalogs Periodicals and professional journals periodical indeXes biblieraphieal data fer articles published on groups of jeurnals full text database 1 Newspapers 1 Reference resources encyclopedias dictionaries directories atlases almanacsb yearbooks books of quotations biographical dictionaries Government Documents Special services interlibrary loan and reciprocal borrowing Types ofsupportingrnaterial s illustrations hypothetical illustrationnot actually occurred descriptions and explanations a de nitions analogies statistics 39 opinions Acknowledement of material 39 direct quotations 39 opinions assertions or ideas of others statistics 39 anything non oriinal oral citation Discussion and Raview 1 2 me Presentation eollee and afterward language speak well others select and topic identify purpose develop central idea4 enerate supporting materials organize presentation 7 rehearse 8 Deliver Consider the audience Causes of speaker anxiety brain bdy to help challenging and heihtening excitement T manage anxiety be prepared selfmental talk and do deep breathing exercises Both criteria strategies for a good topic are Who the audience bat the 39iwn and experiences silent rainstnning intemet general purposes for presentation to entertain and to persuade the end of the presentation the audience will purpose is more bread on the topic Central idea makes a point Characteristics of good central idea audience centered a sinle topic complete declarative sentence and direct i1 questions ideas Is logical Is it reasonable it chronological l Where t material internen people 1ihrariasa newspapers 396 criteria for websites accountabilth accuracy obj date and to Resources library looks peridieals fulltext database reference resumes government documents Types of supporting material presentations illustrations explanations de nitions analogies statistics opinions Communications Chapter 13 Reading Notes Organizing Your Main Ideas logical organization intro body and conclusion 312 index cards drafting process clari es and more logical structure chronological organziation sequential topical organization natural divisions of central idea arbitrary less arbitrary audience remember best What they hear last principle pf recency principle of primacy discuss most convincing less controversial idea rst organization according to complexity Spatial Organization according to location direction Cause and Effect Organization identify situation and results present situation then explore causes Problem and Solution how best to solve a problem or advocate to particular solution Organizing Supporting Material Principle of Speci city offer speci c information and follow by genera explanation or general explanation rst then support with speci c illustrations Hypothetical illustrations descriptions explanations de nitions analogies and opinions soft evidence Organizing Presentation For Others signpostsorganizational cues previews statements of What is to come initial preview conjunction with central idea internal programs introduce and outline ideas that develop Verbal and nonverbal transitions more from one idea to the next summaries recap internal summary occur Within and throughout presentation Introduce and Conclude Presentation Introduction get audience attention introduce topic give reason to listen establish credibility preview main ideas conclusion summarizes presentation reemphasize central idea in a memorable way motivate audience to respond provide closure Outlining Presentation preparation outline use standard numbering two subdivisions line up correctly grammatically parallel delivery outline notes NOT detailed 1 single words short phrases abbreviate introduction and conclusion include supporting material and signposts do not include purpose statement use standard form outline 9599 Discussion and Review 1 List and explain 5 strategies for organizing main ideas in presentation Chronologically sequential order Topically arbitrary arrangement and equal in importance Spatially locationpositiondirection Cause and Effect situation then results Problem and Solution problem and then how to x it 9595 2 List and explain 5 ways to organize supporting material Same as 1 3 List and de ne 3 types of verbal signposts 1 Previews tell them what you are going to tell them 2 Verbal and nonverbal transitions rst second after therefore etc 3 Summaries 4 How to make a nonverbal transition facial expressions pauses changes in vocal pitch or speaking ratemovement 5 5 functions of presentation introductors 1 get audience attention 9599 introduce topic give reason to listen establish credibility preview main ideas How do you get audiences attention in introduction hPJNH use verbal messages illustration ask rhetorical questions personal experience 4 functions of conclusion 1 2 3 4 summarize presentation last chance to repeat main ideas reemphasize central idea motivate audience to respond provide closure What is included used for in outlines 1 Become increasingly aware of hisher communication Included on delivery outlines Used for What 1 2 all notes needed not tempted to read speech Communications Chapter 14 Reading Notes Methods of Delivery manuscript speaking reading from written text monotonepattern of vocal in ection type in short phrases appropriate nonverbal messages do not read fast vary rhythm use gesturesmovements memorized speaking word for word by memory with side notes not too rapid avoid patterns of vocal in ection gestures and movements Impromptu Speaking argue without advance warning consider audience be brief organize draw on personal experiences gestures and movements be aware of potential impact Extemporaneous Speaking speak from outline and rehearse fullcontent delivery abbreviated delivery do not memorize adapt to audience Effective Verbal Delivery use words well concrete speci c words unbiased words vivid words simple words Craft memorable word statements gurative language drama cadence parallelism antithesis repetition and alliteration Effective Nonverbal Delivery eye contact physical delivery gestures movement posture Facial expression somber but serious Vocal loud but clear pitch and rate change Appearance professional Effective Presentation Aids objects models people drawings photographs maps charts graphs CDsDVDs audiotapes computer generated presentation Guidelines For Preparing l 2 3 4 select right presentation aids make easy to see simple polish Guidelines For Using Aids 5gt lt7U hPJNH rehearse maintain eye contact explain aids timing do not pass among audience use handouts effectively caution use technology thoughtfully Communications Chapter 15 Reading Notes Types of Informative Presentation presentations about objects procedures process something works audience should be able to describe understand perform 1 tell 2 example 3 apply 4 coach 5 help People brief and accurate Events concrete tangible terms and to bring experience to life for audience Ideas abstract principles concepts and theories Strategies For Organization of Informative Presentation Objects topical logical divisions chronologically spatially Procedures chronologically People chronologically birth to now Events chronologically describe complex issues causes Ideas topically Strategies For Clear Informative Presentation Simplify ideas makes audience remember easily Pace Information Flow not a lot detail Relate New Information To Old Information associate something familiar to them Strategies For Interesting Informative Presentations relate to your listeners activity and movement action packed issues and events close to audience make connections con ict debate clashing AttentionCatching Supporting Material defnition overview with analogy model picture vivid description first give big picture Motive ask a question Word pictures form mental image smell touch taste hear see form mental image describe appearance describe what listeners would hear describe smells feels taste emotion Create Interesting Presentation Aids Humor make a point butt of the joke embarrassing story humorous quotations use cartoons Strategies For Memorable Presentation Build in redundancy tell them what you are going to tell them tell them tell them what you have told them Use adult learning principles information can use immediately involved actively in learning experiences with new information receive relevant information that s needed Reinforce Key Ideas Verbally Be sure to remember this next point Reinforce Key Ideas Nonverbally gestures pauses and movement Discussion and Review 1 Informative speaking shares information with other to enhance their knowledge understanding of information concepts and ideas we present 2 3 5 types of Informative speaking are 1 objects 2 procedures 3 people 4 events 5 ideas 4 To organize an object speech is topically or chronologically To organize a procedure speech is chronologically To organize a people speech is chronologically To organize an event speech is chronologically To organize an idea speech is topically 5 3 strategies for clear informative speech one simple ideas pacing information flow and relating new information to old information 6 6 strategies that can enhance informative talk are relating to listeners interests using attention catching supporting material establishing a motive using word pictures creating interesting presentation aids and using humor 7 4 strategies that can make your presentation memorable are building in redundancy using adult learning principles reinforcing key ideas verbally ad nonverbally
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