Class Notes For final (1)
Class Notes For final (1) Music227
Popular in History of Electronic Music
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This 15 page Study Guide was uploaded by Courtney Davies on Tuesday February 10, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Music227 at University of Oregon taught by Dr. Udell in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 261 views. For similar materials see History of Electronic Music in Music at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 02/10/15
Music 227 First Exam Notes 127 Turntablism QuizOut Invented by Thomas Edison in 1887 the first machine capable of recording sound onto a medium and mechanically playing it back a Turntable b Dynamophone c Polygraph d PhonOgraph e Telegraph QuizOut Use of multiple turntables to combine sounds from different records to create novel rhythmic patterns or break beats a Beat Juggling b Beat Mashup 0 Remix d Scrubbing e Techno QuizOut Who is credited With discovering the Scratching technique in his bedroom in late 70s a Grand Master Flash b Grand Wizard Theodore c Notorious PhD d Flavor Flav Ottorino Respighi Pines of Rome 0 First live sound recording used on stage 1924 Sound of nightingale recorded onto phonograph Played at the movements ending Paul Hindemith Ernst Toch Grammophonemusik 0 1930 0 Used gramophone in way not intended by manufacturer 0 Able to change pitch and speed John Cage Imaginary landscape 0 1939 variablespeed turntable experiment comprised of sounds O Sweeping test tones 0 Piano 0 Cymbal Pierre Schaeffer Etudes de Bruits 0 1948 it took nearly a year to make 0 first beat juggling 0 must all be done live Music 227 First Exam Notes 127 0 sounds in reverse endless loops locked grooves to create rhythm Beat jugglinguse of multiple turntables to combine and manipulate different sound sources to create novel rhythmic patterns Grand Wizard Theodore 0 invented the Scratch 0 mentored Grandmaster Flash 0 Needle drop master Scratching manual reversal of the record needle runs backwards in rhythmic swipe Needle Drop to drop the needle at the exact spot on a spinning record where you want the sound to start Christian Marclay 0 Inventor of turntablism 0 Damages scratches records 0 4 to 8 turntables DJ Spooky 0 NYC 0 Illbient music use of noise and city scape in music 0 Prolific writer on urban culture Philip J eck 0 From England 0 Inspired by Christian Marclay 0 Long loops minimalist inspired 0 Vinyl Requiem ambitious piece Music 227 First Exam Notes 127 Ear Cleaning QuizOut Sound that emits from one loudspeaker only is called a Mono b Stereo 0 Polypho d Solo e Sono QuizOut Home entertainment system comprised of 5 speakers and one subwoofer is called a Parabolic b 5 1 c Bidirectional d Stereo e Pentabolic Three stages of music 0 Vocal 0 Instrumental 0 Electronic Giovanni Gabrieli placed choirs instruments in different corns of a cathedral for ancient surround sound Hearinginvoluntary re exive Versus distinguished by intention Listening intentional focus attention Denis Smalley 1 Information Gathering What are the sounds What information do they have Focus on object 2 Passive Reception Ones reaction or emotion re ex to the sound Focus on the self 0 Pleasuredispleasure 0 Comfortingj arring Music 227 First Exam Notes 127 0 Consonantdissonant 0 Familiarstrange 3 AppreciatingResponding Attributes of Sound 0 Timbre 0 Pitch 0 Texture 0 Morphologymovement 0 Rhythm 0 Desnity 0 Organicartificial 4 Musical Language Once musical qualities are abstracted from the sound materials The Semantics of music emerges Auto feeling of pleasure displeasure Basic feelings A110 needs quality of experience and feeling less connected Active and selective focus sense of sight sound Music 227 First Exam Notes 127 HipHop QuizOut Which of the following is not component of HipHop a Djing b Gang Violence 0 Rapping Emcee d Graffiti art e Break dancers QuizOut Using vocal imitations of scratching shigashiga scratching is called Scratch a Imitation b Mocking c Onomatopoeia d Destruction QuizOut A part of a record Where only the drum and bass is audible in a tracks mix heightens excitement encourages dancing is called 9 6 chickychipchaw as the material for actual a Break b Parley c Hoedown d Duggy e Twerk QuizOut Music 227 First Exam Notes 127 A mixing technique where one record is accented with stabs elements from another record abrupt playing and silencing of a record is called a Punch Out b Phase Out 0 Punch Phasing d Hawaiian Punch e Hit the Road Steve Reich father of loopbreakbeat hiphoppers used by disco artists as term for disrespect name become identified Scratch Deconstruction manual exploration of records composition pitch tone timing content and meaning Scratch as reconceptaalization transform a word syllable or phoneme into a rhythmic or melodic musical element Scratch as retranslation change a spoken passage s meaning Use of sampling 0 Use records from the past and used in new musical contexts Turntables and mixing consoleto segue smoothly between records Grnad Wizard Theodore scratching HipHop DJ s played in the streets parks schools gyms Break records Peakaboo system able to listen track before it plays GM Flash the cut Punch Phasing cut accents from one record played over another GW Theodore discovered the scratch Beat J uggling create a new rhythm by skillfully mixing sequences from two different records Emulator sampler cost 50000 could hold 1 megabyte of samples Rap Somic composition created that carries the voicepersonalit of the rapper 0 Rappers producers turned to Samplers for their breaks instead 0 Sampler triggered development of Raps wide range lyrical style 0 Easy to lay down tracks to rhyme over HipHop centered around DJ practice the cut juggle scratch recontextualization of sound Music 227 First Exam Notes 127 Ecstasy of In uence QuizOut Father helped conceive of Copyright said it was a Necessary Evil a John Adams b Samuel Adams 0 Thomas Jefferson d Ben Franklin e Benedict Arnold Usemonopoly enforced monopoly on use Imperial Plagiarism Uncanny creative coincidences that occur With large corporations Copyright is to promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts Contemporary copyright trademark and patent law is in favor of large corporations All human utterances is plagiarism all ideas are secondhand and unconsciously drawn form outside sources Music 227 First Exam Notes 127 Jungle and Ambient QuizOut What EDM genre does Hardcore sound the MOST similar a Deep House b UK Garage 0 Ambient d Dub e Disco QuizOut True or False The NYC House scene was inspired by and embraced the emerging UK Hardcore scene a True b False Music 227 First Exam Notes 127 Origins of Rave 0 UK House RockampRoll transforms into Rave Hardcore Rave 0 Fast tempo breakbeat timestretched vocals slow deep bass lines simple melodies pitched shifted Hard core 0 Fast BPM drove away dancers vocals short pitch UK Garage 0 Slower BPM more soulful DJ s sped up garage more lyrical vocal part Amen Break used throughout all music The Rave Chicago House rhythms meet UK Punk 0 Late 80 early 90s 0 Race neutral Hardcore Meeting at motorway service station following coded directions Breaking into warehouses in fields Crackdown by police shortlived Moved underground and not longer accepted Controlling Rave amendment passed by UK preventing Rave 100 dancing to repetitive amplified music 1994 Dark Hardcore 0 Horror film vibe 0 Identified with urban underclass OOOO Ambient slow peaceful more natural start or ending to music Jungle Ragga DrumampB ass S 000 faster more break beats sampler change tempo and pitch used fro jungle music Intelligent DampB Musical or lyrical more subdued than hard core rich new texturestimbre Art and Pop Aesthetics Collide QuizOut TrueFalsse Ben Neil primarily makes music with distinctive pulse a True b False QuizOut Ben Neil uses what musical element to distinguish between popular and art music a Melody b Harmony Music 227 First Exam Notes 127 0 Lyrics d Rhythm e Timbre QuizOut Ben Neil crated a trupet With three bells and integrated electronics to interact With generative music called a Mutantrumpet b Cyborgtrumpet c Metatrumpet d Nachotrumpet e Cybertrumpet QuizOut Is a rhythmic pulse necessary and sufficient to distinguish Popular music from music a Yes b No Popular 0 Turntables tape loops synthesis and ambience Art 0 Minimalsim art genre that pulls from Popular 0 Scanner robin Rimbaud Ear Cleaning 11 Evolutuion of TechMedia QuizOut The most processing effect controls the amount of amplification to an audio signal LoudSoft a Highpas filter b Vodcoder c Lowpass filter d Gain Music 227 First Exam Notes 127 e Pitch QuizOut Like the treble knob on stereo enables high frequencies to pass suppresses low frequencies a Highpass b Lowpass c Bandpass QuizOut In 1822 which French mathematician posited that any complex waveform can be broken into a summation of simple sine waves the Fourier Transform a Pierre Schaeffer Fourier b Jean Claude Fourier c Jacques Jean Fourier d Jean Baptiste Fourier Signal Processing modifies the amplitude frequency and or timber of an audio signal 0 Allows to create effects that would otherwise be impossible F iltering a gain knob applied to a special frequency range Sweep to progressively move the cutoff frequency up or down to create a sweeping affect Sound in the era of Digital Network Music 227 First Exam Notes 127 QuizOut When computers communicate over a network the do so through a Telepathy b Sound 0 Code d Bits e Morse Code QuizOut The Voder and Mexmex precursors to the networked personal computer was presented at the 1939 Worlds Fair as a machine that does what a Flips Pancakes b Folds Laundry c Talks d Slices Bread e Bends Girders QuizOut True or False ANYTHING digitized and placed on a network is Fair Game for artistic appropriation ie Sampling a True b False Technology blurring line between composer performermusician and listeneraudience Network interconnected or interrelated chain group or system Sterlarc employs pinging as a control mechanism for his body the body is controlled by external data system Music 227 First Exam Notes 127 Musician as Thief QuizOut Keller describes all Human Culture as What a Derivative b Continued 0 Unique d Convrighted e Open Source QuizOut You can copyright an IDEA a True b False QuizOut You CAN copyright a fixed original work that takes some FORM like poems books music movies and plays a True b False QuizOut The time period for Copyright is a fixed duration How long was the original time period Jefferson set a 5yrs b l4yrs c 25yrs d 48yrs e 70yrs QuizOut A circumstance where you can use a copyright work that incudes teaching critical comment and parody is called a Public Domain b Infringement c Fringement d Fair Use c Licensing QuizOut After the duration of Copyright has expired the work falls into a category fro anyone to use called a Napster Music 227 First Exam Notes 127 b Bit Torrent 0 Fair Use d Public Domain e Open Source QuizOut A work of Art exists simultaneously in two economies A market economy and a a Bargain economy b Gift economy 0 Walmart economy d Barter economy e Wealth economy QuizOut Above all Copyright grants a usemonoply to authors in order to Sue copyright violators Promote the progress of science and useful arts Ensure holders profit from their work Prevent a work from being used by others 999 Sampling meshes very poorly with Copyright the body of law which turns creative expression into private property Though shalt not Steal failure to differentiate between Physical property and Intellectual property Content can be created and be sold successfully or the work could fall into the public demand Lenthem s Idea If Essential commerce of art is that a gift is carried by the work from the artist to an audience if where there is no gift there is no art Then it may be possible to destroy a work of art by converting it into a pure commodity The gift SHOULD place a constrain upon our merchandising a gift conveys an uncommodifiable surplus of inspiration Lenthem Fair Use 0 Teaching Critique Parody reporting Contemporary technology contemporary culture Mass production copies become a kind of currency triggers modern copyright A change in techonoly produces a change in how we use information and how we think about ownership Benjamin Kaplan Harvard Law Professor 1966 predicted networked computing would cause a paradigm shift technology culture and copyright law Music 227 First Exam Notes 127 Technology affect cultural production Kellers thoughts Digital technology allows us to interact with information and make culture in a new way Copyright law should respond to th cultural shift to serve Promote the Progress Sampling is clearly original and expressive Evolution of Complextro EDM Genres 1 Glitch 1990s emerged aesthetics of failing technology 2 Chip tunes 19805 8 bit aesthetic computers sound chips arcade 3 Complextro outgrowth of electric house characterized by rapid bursts of random timbres and textures over a steady four to oor beat 0 4 to oor crude dirty primitive synthesizer waveforms complex mosaic patterns of granular sound chunks In uences of it include chiptune dubstep glitch electro house 4 DubStep 1990s roots from Hardcore Jungle music wobbling off temp low and distorted bass glitching complex rhythmic elements and sometimes features halftime 7O BPM tempos ElectronicHouse crude synth waveforms mixed with house Electroclash early form of electro house classic House feel with Electro Sound Where did the music go
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