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Arkansas Tech University - For 4703 - Class Notes - Week 9

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Arkansas Tech University - For 4703 - Class Notes - Week 9

School: Arkansas Tech University
Department: Foreign Language
Course: Teaching English as a Second Language
Professor: Stanley Lombardo
Term: Winter 2016
Tags: english, ESL, and TESL
Name: English 4703 Chapter 12: The Participatory Approach
Description: These are notes over chapter 12 of the Techniques & Principles in Language Teaching 3rd Edition
Uploaded: 04/15/2016
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background image Chapter 12: Participatory Approach    The students generate their own topics of conversation, based on real issues in their 
lives.   
o  Hence, the focus is not on acquiring English as an academic achievement or even  as a means of helping students to accomplish practical tasks in an English‐
speaking environment, but on encouraging them to use English as a medium for 
expressing their concerns about the social or cultural forces they must deal with 
in their everyday lives. 
  In any cultural context, the ability to speak the dominant language is a  means of empowerment:  once students are able to use English to 
express their concerns about significant issues, they can take the next 
step in coping with those concerns. 
o  Based on the Experience given in the textbook, you may infer that the  participatory approach is geared toward adults or perhaps older teenagers.    o  However, these techniques can as readily be applied in the primary or  secondary classroom.      The open nature of the dialogue–highly reminiscent of group‐ therapy techniques in psychology –can encourage students of 
any age to voice their concerns about school issues or 
domestic problems. 
  Some  unique problems younger beginning English 
speakers can face in a non‐English‐speaking family:  
o  They are often called upon to be translators or  interpreters for older family members   o  They often live in large extended‐family units  which offer them little quiet or privacy for 
studying.  
o  They may come to school hungry and  demonstrating inadequate hygiene.    Older students –pre‐adolescents and older teenagers –
may be more concerned with work, sports, and/or 
social issues.   
o  All of these can be discussed openly in class via  the participatory approach.     Although it may seem as obvious as to require no comment, the crucial element for the  success of the participatory approach is trust.    o  Students must feel secure in the knowledge that their concerns will be taken  seriously and that responses will be nonjudgmental and constructive.   o   Of course, children and adolescents being as they are, there may be a certain  amount of laughter and joking at a vulnerable classmate’s expense; however, it 

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School: Arkansas Tech University
Department: Foreign Language
Course: Teaching English as a Second Language
Professor: Stanley Lombardo
Term: Winter 2016
Tags: english, ESL, and TESL
Name: English 4703 Chapter 12: The Participatory Approach
Description: These are notes over chapter 12 of the Techniques & Principles in Language Teaching 3rd Edition
Uploaded: 04/15/2016
2 Pages 14 Views 11 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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