American Tree Sparrow
American Tree Sparrow FNR 252
Popular in Laboratory In Ecology And Systematics Of Amphibians, Reptiles, And Birds
Popular in Agriculture and Forestry
This 48 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sierra on Friday April 15, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to FNR 252 at Purdue University taught by Kenneth F. Kellner in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Laboratory In Ecology And Systematics Of Amphibians, Reptiles, And Birds in Agriculture and Forestry at Purdue University.
Reviews for American Tree Sparrow
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 04/15/16
Birds Week 3 Songbirds part I.wls, Nightjars, Woodpeckers, and Structures: • Rictal Bristles: • corners of bill feathers at • Help in feeding, sensory • Insectivores! Structures: • Hyoid apparatus •structure that wraps around the skull • Extension of tongue • Found in woodpeckers and hummingbirds Foot types • Zygodactyl nd rd • 2 and 3 toes point forward • 4 toe and hallux point back • Pamprodactyl • 1 toe and hallux can pivot from front to back Foot types • Syndactyl • 2ndand 3 toes fused • Anisodactyl • Hallux points back • Other three toes point forward T erms • Sallying • Foraging method • Sitting on a perch, leave to catch an percht, return to • Crepuscular • Nocturnal Order Columbiformes • Family Columbidae • Doves and pigeons Rock Pigeon Columba livia • Plump body with bobbing head • Plumage highly variable • Fleshy cere at base of bill • Multicolored • Not native to US ROPI • Crop milk ROPI • Domesticated more than 5000 years ago • Used for message delivery in WWI and WWII • London pollution monitoring Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura • Slender body • Long tail tapers to point • In flight: white tips on outer tail feathers MODO • Readily visible; often foraging on ground for seeds • Popular migratory game bird • Dove = symbol of peace Order Cuculiformes • Family Cuculidae • Cuckoos, roadrunner Y ellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus • Long tail • Brown above, white below • Lower mandible is yellow (bi-colored) • Zygodactyl foot Order Strigiformes • Family Strigidae • Owls Eastern Screech-Owl Megascops asio • Small body • Ear tufts prominent when raised • Upper breast strongly barred black streaks • Two color phases: red and gray • Cavity nesters • Diet: large insects and mice Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus • Large-bodied owl with broad wings • Prominent tufts on head • Heavily barred below • White throat, yellow eyes • Diet of mammals up to rabbit-sized Barred Owl Strix varia • Horizontal barring on upper breast with vertical streaking below • Dark eyes • Females larger than males Order Caprimulgiformes • Family Caprimulgidae • Nighthawks, whip-poor-wills, poorwills • Referred to as nightjars or goatsuckers Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor • Very wide mouth • Wings long and pointed • White bars across primaries • Rictal bristles • Males: white throat, white tail band • Females: tan throat, no tail band Order Apodiformes • Family Apodidae • Swifts, swallows Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica • Small, dark, cigar- shaped body • Short, stubby tail • Wings long and pointed CHSW • Spends most time in flight • Cannot perch, clings to vertical walls • Pamprodactyl feet Order Apodiformes • Family Trochilidae • Hummingbirds Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilochus colubris • Golden-green above • Usually green crown • Males: red throat, whitish below • Females: shorter bill, more gray below RTHU • Feeds on nectar or small insects/spiders in flower • Hovers; wings beat 53 times per second • Build nests from small, downy plant materials and spider silk Order Coraciiformes • Family Alcedinidae • Kingfishers Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon • Stocky body with large head • Large bill • Ragged crest • Gray-blue breast band • Syndactyl foot BEKI • Male: no orange marks • Female: orange belly and flanks BEKI • Nests by burrowing into banks Order Piciformes • Family Picidae • Woodpeckers and relatives Piciformes, Picidae Tongue adaptations • Woodpeckers Red-bellied Woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus • Black and white barred back • Red head stripe • Faint wash of “red” on belly • Populations expanding northwards RBWO • Male: red crown and nape • Female: red nape only Downy Woodpecker Picoides pubescens • Smallest woodpecker • Very short bill • White patch on back • Males have red patch on head; larger Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus • Barring on back • Spots on underparts • Black bib • White rump • Wings and tail colorful • Eastern populations: yellow shafts • Western populations: red shafts NOFL—yellow shafted NOFL—red shafted Order Passeriformes • 5700 species worldwide • Perching birds, songbirds • Large brains, superior learning and vocalization Family Tyrannidae • Tyrant flycatchers • 400 species • Insectivorous • Forage by sallying • Mostly plain-colored, olive birds • Triangular, slightly hooked bill with strong rictal bristles Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens • Dark above • Light colored belly • Pale wing bars • No eye ring • Dark backs Empidonax flycatchers Empidonax spp. • Eye ring • Conspicuous wing bars • Olive back • Smaller and shorter- winged than EAWP Eastern Kingbird T yrannus tyrannus • Black head • Slate gray back • White band at tip of tail • Sometimes orange-red crown patch • Note the rictal bristles! Order Passeriformes • Family Laniidae • Shrikes Loggerhead Shrike Lanius ludovicianus • Black mask over eye • Slate gray head and back • Hooked bill LOSH • Impale food for storage, mate attraction
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'