Psychology of Learning - Quiz 6 Study Guide
Psychology of Learning - Quiz 6 Study Guide 309
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Julia Mosebach on Saturday April 16, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 309 at Southern Illinois University Carbondale taught by Price in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Learning in Psychlogy at Southern Illinois University Carbondale.
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Date Created: 04/16/16
Psychology of Learning – Quiz 6 Stimulus equivalence Stimulus equivalence may act as the basis for a behavior; it is an analytic review of language, symbolism, and behavior. An example of how we quickly make equivalences: Someone tells you that a “hubber slab” is a lot like a big steak. So, even though you have never heard the absurd phrase “hubber slab” before, you might visualize it in the following ways: thick, juicy, meaty, edible, etc. Stimulus equivalence basis for verbal behavior. Skinner and Verbal Behavior Skinner wrote Verbal Behavior, and it took him over 10 years (was published in 1957). It had no data, which was a big deal. Chomsky was one of the biggest critics of this book. Skinner said… Instead of “what does the word _______ mean?” we should ask “what behavioral function does the word ________ serve?” Speaker – deliverer of reinforcement; emits verbal behavior Verbal community: populations of individuals possessing interlocked speaker and listener repertoires; people mediate reinforcement for others’ behavior example: someone with an accent traveling somewhere and picking up a slightly different accent example: “good morning” versus “morning” For Skinner, verbal means sign language, facial expressions, gestures, thoughts when we’re talking to ourselves, and spoken words. 2 Verbal functional relations: Mands and Tacts Mands (think of demands; “can you pass the salt?”) Tacts (think of making contact with environment; seeing a family so you point and say, “Aw, look at the cute family.”) Manding (Will be on quiz 6!) Verbal behavior mostly under control of some operation serving a purpose Example: Saying, “Can we please order a pizza?” when you’re very hungry. Tacting (Will also be on quiz 6!) More of an observation rather than a request/demand Example: “Your pants are blue.” Echoics Verbal behavior that seems to “echo” the behavior that came before it Formal similarity Example: responding in sign language to someone who said hello to you in sign language Intraverbals (Do NOT confuse with Echoics!) Verbal behavior under stimulus control of other verbal behavior No formal similarity “Word association”; projective assessments When you engage in a conversation in your office, that is intraverbal behavior. Examples: At a Beyonce concert, when she yells into the microphone, “Who run the world?!” and turns the microphone towards you and you respond, “GIRLS!” When you ask your 3yearold child, “What does a cat say?” and your child responds with, “Meow.” If you have the book “Behthior Analysis and Learning” by Pierce and Cheney, you should read over the 12 chapter in case there is something I didn’t cover. This will help you with the quiz on 4/21/16.
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