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UH - BIOL 1362 - Bio Exams 1 and 2 Study Guides - Study Guide

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UH - BIOL 1362 - Bio Exams 1 and 2 Study Guides - Study Guide

School: University of Houston
Department: Biology
Course: BIOL 1362
Professor: Ann Cheek
Term: Spring 2015
Tags:
Name: Bio Exams 1 and 2 Study Guides
Description: This is a study guide that includes all of the information from exams 1 and 2
Uploaded: 04/16/2016
0 5 3 29 Reviews
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background image Biodiversity – Chapters 24 - 27 List characteristics shared by  Archaea & Bacteria, but not  Eukarya o No nuclear envelope
o No membrane bound organelles
o One (1) circular chromosome
List characteristics shared by  Archaea & Eukarya, but not  Bacteria o No peptidoglycan cell wall
o More than 1 (>1) RNA polymerase
o Initiator amino acid: methionine
o No ribosome assembly sensitive to antibiotics
List characteristics unique to each domain o Archaea Extremophiles: can live in harsh environments (salty, hot, 
freezing)
Methanogens: producers, use CO 2  to oxidize H 2  to CH 4 hydrothermal vents, cow and termite guts Growth at temperatures greater than 100°C Bacteria Peptidoglycan cell wall One (1) RNA polymerase No introns or histones Eukaryotes Nuclear envelope Membrane bound
organelles
No circular 
chromosomes
Many introns One histone IMPO RTAN
T
Bact A Euk nuclear 
envelope
0 0 1 membran
e­bound 
organelle
s 0 0 1
background image circular 
chromos
ome 1 1 0 peptidogl
ycan cell 
wall 1 0 0 RNA 
polymera
se 1 > >1 initiator 
aa
for M Met Ribosome 
assembly 
sense to  antibiotics 1 0 0 growth at
> 100°C
0 1 0 membran
e lipids
unb s unb introns rare s ma histones 0 0 1 Name the 5 kingdoms within Domain Bacteria and be able to  draw a phylogenetic tree showing relationships among the 5 
kingdoms
o Proteobacteria Salmonella - Vibrio - Helicobacteria pylori - Rhizobium Chlamydia  Spiro- parasitic  Barrelia burgdorferi Treponema pallidum Cyano=parasitic  lichen
background image Gram-Positive - Streptomyces - Bacillus antrhacis - Clostridium botulinum Know the kingdom for each species of bacteria listed in lecture Know characteristic that differentiates gram-positive and  gram-negative bacteria and which
kingdoms belong to which category
o Gram-positive No additional membrane
covering cell wall
thick layer of
peptidoglycan
dark stained Pathogenic vs.
Nonpathogenic
Gram-negative Proteobacteria Cell wall, thin layer of
peptidoglycan, with
additional membrane
Autotrophs (chemo and
photo) vs. Heterotrophs
can be pathogenic vs.
nonpathogenic
Pathogenic vs
nonpathogenic
Name the 4 supergroups within Domain Eukarya and be  able to draw a phylogenetic tree showing relationships among 
the supergroups
Animalia Fungi Plant  Charophyte algae  Know the supergroup to which each single-celled eukaryote  listed in lecture belongs Explain what the branching pattern on a phylogenetic tree  indicates about evolutionary relationships o The branch point represents a pattern of divergence
o unknown shared traits 
background image Compare phylogenetic trees to see if they represent the  same or different relationships between groups Use a phylogenetic tree to identify which groups descend from  a more recent or more ancient common ancestor Define the ancestral characteristics that unite the  Archaeplastida o Shared with green algae: chlorophyll a and b Define the shared derived traits that unite the plant kingdom o Alternation of generations-fertilization
o Sporangia-multicellular organs that
produce desiccation resistant spores  o Gametangia-embryo
o Apical meristem- cell division at the tip of
the root Draw the cycle of alternation of generations – name each  generation, indicate ploidy (1n or 2n) and type of cell division 
that produces the single cells that develop into the next 
generation
Name the 7 phyla within Kingdom Plantae and be able to  match the name of plants listed in lecture to the correct phylum o Liverworts
o Hornworts
o Mosses
o Lycophytes
o Monilophytes
o Gymnosperms
o Angiosperms
o Draw a phylogenetic tree showing relationships among the
7 plant phyla
o
o
o
o
o
background image Draw a phylogenetic tree showing relationships
among these animal phyla:
 Porifera, Cnidaria, Chordata,
Mollusca, Annelida, Nematoda,
Arthropoda
o List and map shared derived characteristics of
Eumetazoa, Bilateria,
Deuterostomia, and the
Protostomes onto a
phylogenetic tree
o Be able to indicate on the phylogenetic tree which
groups are part of the
Bilateria, Deuterostomia, Lophotrochozoa, Ecdysozoa
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
List ancestral characteristics common to all animals and  choanoflagellates, distinguish animals from choanoflagellates by 
shared derived characteristic of animals
o Genes encoding rRNA
o Chaperone proteins
o Tubulin
o List the 4 protostome phyla discussed in lecture o Ecdysozoa
o Lophotrochozoa
o Cnidaria
o Deuterostomes
o

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School: University of Houston
Department: Biology
Course: BIOL 1362
Professor: Ann Cheek
Term: Spring 2015
Tags:
Name: Bio Exams 1 and 2 Study Guides
Description: This is a study guide that includes all of the information from exams 1 and 2
Uploaded: 04/16/2016
21 Pages 97 Views 77 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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