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HONR 199, Study Guide for Kennedy and Nixon

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by: Anne Notetaker

HONR 199, Study Guide for Kennedy and Nixon HONR 199

Marketplace > Ball State University > OTHER > HONR 199 > HONR 199 Study Guide for Kennedy and Nixon
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Study Guide for Kennedy and Nixon
Inquiries in Contemporary American Civilization
E. Bruce Geelhoed
Study Guide
HONR199, KennedyandNixon
50 ?




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"Clutch. So clutch. Thank you sooo much Anne!!! Thanks so much for your help! Needed it bad lol"
Miss Orpha Schmidt

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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Anne Notetaker on Saturday April 16, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HONR 199 at Ball State University taught by E. Bruce Geelhoed in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see Inquiries in Contemporary American Civilization in OTHER at Ball State University.


Reviews for HONR 199, Study Guide for Kennedy and Nixon

Star Star Star Star Star

Clutch. So clutch. Thank you sooo much Anne!!! Thanks so much for your help! Needed it bad lol

-Miss Orpha Schmidt


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Date Created: 04/16/16
HONR 199-3 Study Guide JFK’s political career:  1946: Elected to House of Representatives  1952: Elected to Senate (his opponent was Henry Cabot Lodge)  1956: Candidate for Vice President for the democrats Why Kennedy Won: 1. The U-2 Crisis and Khrushchev’s post-crisis actions: Powers was forced to stay in the Soviet Union after he was shot down. This hurts Nixon’s chances. 2. July 27, 1960: Kennedy had already defeated Henry Cabot Lodge in last election. Nixon choose Lodge as his republican Vice president candidate, also he brought nothing to the candidacy (he was from the same state) Nixon should have picked Jerry Ford because Ford may have gotten Minnesota and Missouri. 3. The “slump” in the national economy: People remember the Great Depression, when republicans were in power. 4. The political mathematics of 1960: Democrats outnumber republicans. 5. The Roman Catholic Vote: They turned out in huge numbers to vote for Kennedy, who had the same religious beliefs. 6. Sept 22, first televised presidential debate: seen by 70 million people (1966). Norman Collins was the producer. 7. African American Vote: Wofford persuaded Kennedy’s brother-in-law to write a letter to Martin Luther King Jr.’s Wife. 8. The (Howard) Hughes loan: One week before the election, Lawrence O’Brian, Richard Nixon’s brother, received a $2,500 loan from Hughes. This makes Nixon look like he is involved in organized crime because Hughes has connections to crime. 9. The Lyndon B Johnson Effect: Robert Caro researched Lyndon B Johnson. Johnson gave speeches on the back of trains to win support for Kennedy. “He had taken the south too”. Without support of Johnson, Kennedy could have lost. Kennedy was president because of LBJ. He was an essential aspect of Kennedy’s victory. Kennedy’s personal enemies: 1. Organized Crime (Kennedy used them to oppose Castro while sending them to prison) 2. Castro 3. Anti-Castro Cuban (Kennedy didn’t come to their assistance) 4. Elements of the CIA (they were fired from the CIA) 5. Supporters of Diem JFK – New Frontier – none of his ideas get passed while he was in office 1. Taxcut: Walter Heller 2. Civil Rights – anti-discriminatory laws that will deal with south policies 3. Health insurance for the elderly 4. Anti-poverty: invisible poor 5. Federal aid to education People to Know: Howard Hughes – was involved in organized crime. A week before the presidential election, Richard Nixon’s brother Lawrence O’Brian received a loan from Hughes. This may have been a factor in Nixon’s defeat. Sam Giancana – mob boss of The Outfit in Chicago Lee Harvey Oswald – shot Kennedy and was eventually shot and killed by Jake Ruby. The official story was that Oswald was working alone, with one gun, and no conspiracy was involved. Alger Hiss –secretary general who was preparing for the inaugural session of the new United Nations. Lawrence O’Brien – Richard Nixon’s brother, who received a $2,500 loan from Hughes, who was involved in organized crime. Dave Powers – campaign aide 1952-60, presidential aide 1946-60


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