Study Guide Exam 1 - Percy Hintzen
Study Guide Exam 1 - Percy Hintzen SYA 4011
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Victoria Jean-Baptiste on Thursday February 12, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to SYA 4011 at Florida International University taught by Percy Hintzen in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 127 views. For similar materials see Social Theory in Sociology at Florida International University.
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Date Created: 02/12/15
Week 1 Jan 2115 Jan 2315 Wed Jan 21 Social Theory The Postcolonial Condition What is Postcolonialism What is the theory behind American Postcolonialism What drove America to say they don t want to be colonized 9 Liberty independence Freedomindependence from colonial rulerule from overseas Why do people want to be free from colonialism 9 Colonialism The control of governing in uence of a nation over a dependent country territory or people Began symbolically in amp Extraordinary in its global dimensions Fundamental transformation of the world Fused societies with different historical and cultural traditions into a common history of centrally controlled command economies 9 They were forced and it upset the conditions of their history and their survival For example in Africa 15 million people were taken from there In the Caribbean almost the entire indigenous civilization was wiped out Produced a global economic system developed and controlled by the West 9 Western Europe Belgium France Germany etc Continued dominance by the West through economic political military and cultural power 9 All of this is based under control Europeans had a cultural clash with the Muslims The ideas of the Jews became converted Three different branches of Judaism 9 Christianity 9 Jews 9 Islam Vasco Da Gama Kapemekas Represented to the world the idea that the world was round Found Hispaniola but thought his was in India and that is why it is called the West Indies Slavery Untold and unnumbered deaths from oppression and neglect Enforced migration and Diasporas of millions of people Africans Americans Arabs Asians and Europeans Appropriation of territories and land The institutionalization of racism The destruction of cultures and the superimposition of other cultures Developed out of the moment when the political and cultural experience of the marginalized periphery became organized into a more general theoretical position that could be set against western political intellectual and academic thought and its protocols of objective knowledge Derived from the earlier founding moments of hybridized anticolonial thought Developed out of the continuing reverberations of the political and cultural history of the struggle against colonialism and imperialism 9 Imperialism The control of people using their resources of power without directly controlling them 9 Example Latin America Bolivarian Revolution 1 820sThey weren t colonized after the 1820s but they are still pissed off 9 First people enslaved in the Americas white poor men then it was the women the whores Week 1 Jan 2115 Jan 2315 Fri Jan 23 Issues for Discussion If the United States did not want to become like Great Britain why did they start colonizing in other territories 9 They did purchase a lot of the territories eX Florida Louisiana and they displaced the indigenous peoples the Native Americans of those territories 9 Hawaii use to govern itself and the USA displaced those people Who were the people in the USA that were challenging colonialism challenging Britain 9 Europeans fighting against Eurpeans Who were the countries that were controlling the American Southwest How did these places come to the Americans 9 They did not purchase these places We are all engaged in postcolonial critique all the time Week 2 Jan 2615 Jan 3015 Fri Jan 26 Consciousness They believed in God Martin Luther German Protesting the Catholics Calvin Scottish Week 2 Jan 2615 Jan 3015 Fri Jan 28 Power Knowledge Ideology and Consciousness The Chain of Consciousness Conscious Awareness The Liminal The Subliminal Conscious Awareness Produced by discourse the knowledge of the powerful organized in ideology and circulated through pedagogy Foucault Hegemony Gramsci 0 You come think of who you are because of discourse the knowledge that is imposed upon you by the powerful 0 You come to think of yourself by virtue of this knowledge the knowledge and world view by the powerful Ideology as distortion and as false Marx o FALSE CONCIOUSNESS o The way you understand and perceive the world is not necessarily to your best interest 0 Who you really are are tied to your material interests Ideology tied to material interests Gramsci o Gramsci says that there s a reason why the powerful do this they want you to see the world in a way that is suited to their own particular interest 0 To get you thinking in ways that benefit them the people in power 0 It does not benefit you but they make you think it does and that its right correct The struggle for representation counterideology and counter hegemonic o The struggle Not that you may think of yourself and others in a particular way but your reasons for things why do you do this 0 Example When you re out in the world as a black person there is a way that you engage in the world and there is a way people interact with you You have to behave in a subservient way but when you re home you get a self of your humanity people appreciate you you have a sense of VALUE 0 But in the world something tells you that you re not really a good person you re almost shunned and avoided repressed etc o This con ict occurs at the LIMINAL level Subliminalsubconscious Liminal Awareness quot9 Colonial Ideology A mode of knowing as the basis for dominating restructuring and having authority through The making of authoritative claims Authorizing views based on these claims 0 You come to accept that the rich deserve what they deserve and you don t deserve the same things that make you a human being 0 You don t deserve medical care you don t deserve to go to Harvard 0 You do not question differences between the rich and the poor Describing the colonized 0 It s better for you to speak my language because yours in a waste of time Teaching and imposing the claims about the colonized Ruling over the colonized and their possessions based on these claims views and descriptions The world as it is is a just world How does one come to be aware of themselves A teacher gets you to understand things through pedagogy WP Du Bois spoke of double consciousness Ideology and Hegemony Hegemony The term comes from Antonio Gramsci 1891193 7 an Italian and a leading Marxist thinker It denotes the predominance of one social group over others e g bourgeois hegemony It is the primary basis of political and economic control by a ruling group It provides the dominant class with the ability to project its own way of seeing the world so that those who are subordinated by it accept it as common sense and natural It produces the willing and active consent of the dominated to their domination Colonial Ideology Was produced by generations of intellectuals artists commentators writers politicians and philosophers 0 To understand how things are being challenged one has to look at the writers It is constituted by assumptions and stereotypes It is based on a will and intention to control and manipulate Its aim is to incorporate the colonized and their possessions into the world of the European colonizer It is a form of modernism the representation of the world in terms of structure order essentialism predictability scienti c law that applies also to gender class sexuality religion and culture 0 You have to tell yourself that you are at the top of the pyramid and you do deserve to claim everything The way we come to understand different things 9 Ideology Recording at 34 minutes Postcolonial theory and practice 9 It s a claim to Week 2 Jan 2615 Jan 3015 Fri Jan 30 At this point in time popular literature is how people were learning Information was circulated through their ideas that came from their reading Week 3 Feb 215 Feb 615 Fri Feb 6 Know the theorists and their theories understand their sides and more Senghor Fahlon 9 No matter what Obama cannot escape it No matter what Obama is a Muslim man and will be criticized because he is a black man Cabral 9 Week 4 Feb 915 Feb 1315 Fri Feb 11 Marxism amp Postcolonialism A search by theorists and activists for the deEuropeanization of Marxism o Reformulating translating transforming Transculturation of Marxism Providing a universal medium through which activist s different situations could communicate with each other It was translatable in politics and language Different analytics of Marxist class 9 Different Precepts Maoism Mao Peasant Revolution and National Liberation Shift in tricontinental Marxist center to the nonWhite global South Mao challenged the Comintem and its focus on the urban proletariat and its notion of the primacy of the base relations of production by proposing that ideology and culture can affect relations of production Proposed need for perpetual struggle against colonial in uences Mao critical to the development of European NeoMarxist theory Base vs Superstructure Role of superstructure Culture and ideology Althusser etc Bandung Thirdworldism Mobilize the peasantry the only way you can do it is through violence 9 However people will still support Bougeoire capitialism 6 wrong word Audio recording 1300 Nasser of Egypt Moderate Socialist who became progressively socialist over time Anticolonial Overthrew procolonial Egyptian monarchy Nationalized Suez Canal after British refusal to fund Aswan Dam US and Soviet Support against France Britain and Israel US Ambivalent anticolonialism PanAfricanism PanArabism Socialism Nasser was the guy who overthrew the pro he took over Egypt 1900 Bandung Indonesia 1955 Meeting of 29 African and Asian Countries The first blueprint for solidarity of African and Asian Countries The emergence of the idea of the Third World Institutional basis for the NonAligned movement that spanned NIEO and the Group of 77 of UNCTAD to rebalance the world economy signaling a shift to economic issues and away from political nationalism Tricontinentialism The inclusion of Latin America with a focus on the global antiimperial struggle PanAfricanism The roots of African Socialism Combined International Solidarity Common Political Program Demands Land Rights Education Economic Reconstruction End to Racism and Institutionalized Practices 0000 Combination of Different of Activism by People of African Descent Kwame Nkrumah and George Padmore its most in uential gures Equal rights for Africans and People of African descent 1900 Rights of education Just Treatment and political participation 1919 in Versailles Independence and Self determination for Africa Manchester 1945 African Nationalist and Socialist Agenda Manchester 1945 African Socialism Common commitment to anticolonialism and self determination Rejection of Violence as a means of Achieving Independence African Socialism as a Challenge to the NationState African Socialism Aims and Goals Socialism needs to be tailored to the conditions and historical background of the people Democracy based on fundamental human rights rule of law and social justice Promotion of people s well being through common ownership of the means of production and distribution African Socialism and the Welfare State Complete reorganization of the basic African Socialism Economic Program Political Strategy What Happened Violent Colonial and White Settler Resistance South Africa RhodesiaZimbabwe Angola Mozambique GuineaBissauy Algeria Successes of Vietnam and Cuba Armed Revolutions Cuban Soviet Support for MarxistLeninist Regimes
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