ARH 131 - Ancient Greece
ARH 131 - Ancient Greece ARH 131
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This 13 page Study Guide was uploaded by Samantha Petrin on Thursday February 12, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ARH 131 at University of Miami taught by Malinda Cleary in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 81 views. For similar materials see ARH 131 - Survey of Western Art in Art History at University of Miami.
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Date Created: 02/12/15
Ancient Greece A The Perfect Temple l Parthenon Erected on the Acropolis of Athens in mid 5th century BC Architect Iktinos in uenced by Pythagoras theories of numerical ratios Perfect temple because ratios of length width and height of its components were perfectly symmetrical and conformed to a mathematical formula Celebrated the Athenian people not just honoring Athena Phidias decorated with statues and reliefs to commemorate Victory over the Persians Reliefs included nude Greek warriors battling centaurs Pediments triangular area above the columns beneath the roof Gold and Ivory Statue of Athena built by Phydias as reference to Victory over Persians B The Greeks and Their Gods miX of Aegean and Indo European peoples who established independent city states Created humans as gods and gods as humans The perfect individual was Greek ideal and combination of physicality and intellectuality was goal and center of Greek artistry Gods and goddesses by name appeared in Iliad and Odyssey as well as Theogeny Deities represented in art centered on two elements of Earth Gaia and Heaven Ouranos Mated and produces 12 Titans Tale of origin of Greek gods similar to Mesopotamian mythology Zeus Hera Poseidon Hestia Demeter Ares Athena Hephaistos Apollo Artemis Aphrodite Hermes C Geometric and Orientalizing Periods l Geometric Art 8th century Bronze figurines and ceramic pot paintings 776 BC beginning of Olympic games Dipylon Krater marked grave of man three feet tall wealth and position of deceased possible libation jar meander key pattern motifs geometric ornate humans and chariots dominate distinct genders significance reemergence of human figure and revival of storytelling in pictures r Herakles and Nessos bronze statues of two figures locked in combat hero and centaur inspired by daily life included monsters nude man man is larger than horse to indicate Victor inspired by daily life and shows human monster concept of Geometric art 2 Orientalizing Art 7th century Artists became exposed to Eastern artworks Mantiklos Apollo bronze statuette votive dedicated to Apollo may depict Mantiklos or Apollo message to the deity inscribed on thighs asking for good fortune in exchange for the tithe the statuette detailed human anatomy long hair triangular torso and face 3 Orientalizing Amphora Corinthian Amphora two handled storage jar symbolizes Greek fascination with the Orient animal friezes depict bear lions panthers sphinX lamassu and siren black figure painting copied Corinthian technique incorporation Oriental style 4 Daedalic Art Trading colony brought Greeks into contact with Egyptians Began building large stone edifices again Lady of Auxerre found at Temple A at Prinias on Crete referred to as Daedalic after the artist Daedalus named after town known as oldest recorded location mortal or deity though suspected to be mortal due to lack of headdress and praying right hand position naturalistic triangular face and hair kept esh natural color of stone squares in skirt it quot l l 39 quotMlv q1q37 rm v1 4 D Archaic Period 1 Statuary In uenced by Egyptian statue format life size New York Kouros life size statuary marble rigidly front facing with left foot advanced slightly Egyptian style funerary statue used as grave markers or votive offerings in sanctuaries differ in kouros are freed from stone and are designed to show movement and are nude with perfect bodies and are indistinguishable from the gods still shows geometric qualities Calf bearer moschophoros calf bearer dedication to Athena in thanks for prosperity no beardno longer youth cloaked not usual for ordinary Athens citizen archaic smile calf and man s arms form X Anavysos Kouros Kroisos died hero s death built as grave marker Egyptian stance but naturalistic still retained its paint Peplos Kore kore of a goddess wearing four different garments rendered much more softly with soft esh in particular buried for millennia Kore in Ionian Dress wearing chiton noting fashionable women at the time asymmetrical folds of dress differ from stiff front lift end of dress and shows advanced left foot style m 2 Architecture and Architectural Sculpture Original temples constructed with wood and mud brick later temples built with limestone or marble Began building columnar stone temples The Canonical Greek Temple altar lay outside of temple Greeks gathered outside of the temple housed cult statue of deity ordered compact symmetrical temple itself considered a sculpture itself frieze and pediments painted Doric order clarity and balance Ania Stylohate Level columns stand on I Cella Naos Columns in arms Ama Pcristylc External colonnadc on all four sides Basilica Paestum Doric temple 550 BC shrine to Hera central row of columns dividing cella into two aisles Doric columns v 11 L I mr I Temple of Artemis Corfu 600 BCE Doric temple Corfu was trading island covered in pediments Medusa in center in archaic style monsters and creatures surrounding her gigantomachv reason and order Within chaos scattered Siphnian Treasury Delphi ionic temple carvatids statue columns of korai sculptured frieze on all four sides 3 Vase Painting Francois vase black figure painting krater volute shaped handles five registers Peleus Achilles and Theseus cantauromachv animals in profile heroes in frontal position Exekias amphora Achilles and Ajax playing dice game black figure painting warriors ready for battle spears draw eves towards table I 1 L3 Bilingual Painting Andokides Painter 530 BC red figure and black figure side 4 Aegina and the Transition to the Classical Period Temple of Aphaia Aegina 490 BC Doric columns more smooth design columns spaced further apart painted statuaries in both pediments unified theme and consistent scale dying warrior east and west archaic and classical features on alternating sides E Eaer and High Classical Periods 1 Architecture and Architectural Sculpture Temple of Zeus Olympia 470 BC Doric temple lavishly decorated symmetrical and balanced design east pediment chariot race one statue seer does not have archaic smile and is old and wrinkled west pediment shows Apollo amidst a battle between Greeks and centaurs 77 77 77 7 7 1 r 1153 Eli 4 5quot u f 3 f 2 Statuary 600 480 BC Kritios Boy youth depicts life like stance breaks unwritten rule of frontality contrapposto Charioteer of Delphi commemorate Victory at Pythian Games more detailed than Riace warrior archaic pose but still shows movement folds emphasize verticalitV and calm Artemision Zeus male form in motion boldly extended arms lightness stability and balance with detailed body motion Myron Diskoblos originally bronze marble copies Vigorous action statue tension in face double arcs of arms 3 The Athenian Acropolis Polykeitos Doryphoros most pronounced contrapposto cross balance tense and non tense balanced and standing Portrait of Pericles originally a bronze statue heroic nudity elongated skull perfect physique appears almost god like Periclean Acropolis center is Parthenon 440 BC Erechtheion Temple of Athena Nike Propylaia Parthenon Architecture peripteral colonnade still remains Iktinos Athena in cella symmetrical and perfectly proportioned Doric design perfect symmetria except for some deViations from perfectly vertical and horizontal lines
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