Test 1 Study Guide
Test 1 Study Guide ARH 373
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Melanie Viering on Friday February 13, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ARH 373 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Tanja Jones in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 125 views. For similar materials see ARH 373 - Northern Baroque in Art History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 02/13/15
ARH 373 TEST 1 STUDY GUIDE Rubens privileged childhood 0 fluent in Italian knows some Latin and some Greek apprenticed at 14 yrs St Luke s painter s guild master at 22 yrs reads religioustheological texts as well as familiarity with religious images manages an appointment at an Italian court Gonzaga family in Mantua later moves back home to Antwerp and becomes courtier artist selfportrait with Isabella Brandt promotes himself as a wealthy aristocrat given lots of allowances to do things his way by aristocratic patrons completed 63 major altarpieces from 16091620 due to huge workshop and Protestants destroying altar pieces after 1630 turns to landscape painting considered theoretically a lower type of painting 0 1 historymythologyreligion 2 portrait 3 genre 4 landscape 5 still life St Gregory Altarpiece Rome 1608 St Gregory promoted religious images as a Bible for the illiterate 0 he had a vision which inspired this example of sacred conversation o a gathering of saints and historic figures that never occurred in real life a triumphal arch parade of returning emperors go through previous arches for previous emperors and if you do something really great you get your own built Patrons Oratorians order of lay people devoted to preaching example of focus on paintings of miraculous works at the time 0 Recently after the Council of Trent confirms everything the reformation rejected solidifying difference between Catholics and Protestants Hence move to celebrate those differences Elevation of the Cross Antwerp 1610 Triptych common setup for altarpiece commissioned for local parish church church destroyed in 1800s then moved to cathedral in Antwerp Additional image carving of God the Father lost in destruction may be the first time the elevation of the cross is depicted in a large scale altar piece scene not described in detail in many gospels but more so in devotional literature of the period ideal counterreformation piece in line with 1580s Treatise outlining these 4 points 0 devo on o decorum 0 accuracy 0 clarity straining muscles example of clarity o saints on outside of side panels for weekdays inside for Sundaysfeast days 0 potentially sourced o Tintoretto s Crucifixion I lightdark I subject 0 Barocci s Deposition I subject I likely saw in Italy I strong diagonal 0 along with these contemporary sources antiquity and live models Abduction of the Daughters of Lycippus Antwerp 1615 0 unknown patron and provenance 0 literature source Ovid Metamorphisis myth o Ovid is a Latin writer creates anthology of stories of changes brought by love ust o CastorPollus Gemini twins sons of Zeus and Leda seduced her as a swan known as dioscuri for way with horses swooped down and scoop up Lycippus s daughter 0 art source drawing after da Vinci s Battle of the Anghiari o fairly accurate depiction of war unusual for time 0 source for horses in painting 0 art source Rape of the Sabine 0 women twisting and arms 0 art source Titian s Rape of Europa o diagonal loose strokes Marie de Medici Cycle Madrid 1623 0 Marie married French King Henry IV proxy met at wedding 0 Marie becomes regent for Louis after Henry s assassination o exiled by Son when he comes of age for refusing to abdicate the throne 0 cycle covers her entire life in 3 groups 0 youtheducation o marriagemotherhood o widowhoodregencyQueen Mother 0 international politics Spanish courtier ltalian woman French aristocracy 0 also commissioned a cycle for her husband unfinished Education of Marie Antwerp 1625 o educated by the gods no mortals 0 she was CHOSEN ae make me queen again 0 Apollo music AthenaMinerva warreading MercuryHermes The Graes Henri Received Portrait of Marie 0 Zeus and Hera on cloud with their respective birds eagle and peacock 0 most powerful god couple 0 personification of France aids Henri in decision making female bare breasted but masculine boots have heel odd close to Henri s hieght identified by blue and fleur de lis o potentially an amazonian woman poutti little men playing with armor forgotten what he needs armor for sweeping landscapes peace and calm for France personification of Fame holding frame 0000 Arrival of Marie at Marseilles escorted by knight of Malta ship is depicted as a parade float not particularly sea worthy greeted by personification of France blue cape o bows as a courtier would 0 looks VERY masculine water is personified by mythical sea creatures nymphs etc Fame flies over head trumpeting baldachin is brought to cover her honorific classical temple facade invokes antiquity perhaps she is headed there to be with the gods clearly a humble woman bezantsballs associated with Medici family part of ship s decor Regency Cronos deathtime takes Henry away She does not reach for orb of power handed to her by personification of France backed by triumphal arch Solomonic column suggests predestiny dog is emblem of faithfulness demarcates line between dead Henry and Regent Marie 0 dog s nose points a diagonal line to Marie MinervaAthena tutor from Education counseling from behind Landscape with Het Steen het Steen is a castle he acquired part of the title he purchased long history of landscapes in Flanders essentially he is bragging about the fruits of his success suggested to be a pendent pair Van Dyck not as privileged as Rubens son of middle class draper apprenticed to a painter at 10 yrs moves through guild and later collaborates with Ruben s shop learned Italian and exposure at Rubens Timeline 0 181621 Antwerp 0 182126 Genoa 0 182632 Antwerp 183241 London Christ Crowned with Thorns Antwerp literature source Gospel of Luke dog bowing in genuine piety cloaked in blue royalty armor is more contemporary 0 potentially political message likening armored men to reformationProtestants iconography imagae writing Panofsky impacted by Ruben s style 0 faces have ruddy complexion o muscular figures 0 bright pops of local color 0 loose brushwork passed down from Titian Cardinal Guido Bentivoglio o Princes of the Church o from wealthy family 0 a scene interrupted o Raphael s sad Julius II as a type but updated Elena Grimaldi Genoese Noblewoman with son Genoa 1626 0 following Ruben s mastery of the state portrait 0 beginning with Titian Venice 0 court painter of Roman Emperor Charles V 0 also his son Phillip II 0 marks of a state portrait full length life size emblem of rule throne sceptre etc cloth of honor columns stability antiquity landscape lands you rule Rinaldo and Armida Charles at the Hunt 0 beheaded o hunting equivalent to playing war at the time 0 00000 Jordaens o paints highlife scenes 0 son of a linen merchant middle class 0 loose brushwork bright pops of local color high sheen 0 paintings of high level merchants for high level merchants The King Drinks celebration of the epiphanytwelfth night cake with bean whoever got bean was king for night standard characters to story 0 doctor fool maid wine taster plaque on back wall nothing more like a lunatic than a drunk COMP Limbourg Bros Tres Riches Heurs for Jean de Berry January 0 shows same event 0 COMP Pieter Bruegel the Elder his town paintings 0 color party atmosphere proverbs o emblem books image and text to teach moral ex The King Drinks Clara Peeters 0 female painters limited 0 only styles really open to them are stilllifes and self portraits 0 could not study with master could not live with him 0 could not study male nude no real information on her training Flemish single female selfportraits valuable for being a double miracle elaborate style shows she is aware of Van Dyke etc known for vanitas paintings emphasise passing of time known for tiny selfportraits in reflections in still lifes Still Life with Goblets Flowers and Shells 1612 o flemish known for detail and using oil paint earthenware vessel versus metal vessels 0 extreme monetary difference shells very expensive as well gold vessel could be reliquary or eucharistic vessel 0 both anti Protestant Brouwer o Rubens and Rembrandt collected his paintings 0 part of guilds where he became with his contemporaries Fight over Cards 0 known for lowlife genre paintings o depicting poor people but made for welloff people 0 usually moralizingedifying Bitter Drunk o tronie a head study different from a portrait o physiognomy pseudoscience of studying what your facehead says about your morals and temperament potentially a portrait of one of his contemporaries inserts portraits into genre paintings mixing higher and lower types of painting o impressionistic style most like 19th century ahead of his time 0 part of exclusive group rhetoricians 0 how you paint says more than what you paint 0 probably got it from Hals David Teniers the Younger 0 16101690 0 father also a painter o lived in Antwerp o court of regent of Spain working for Archduke LeopoldWilhem Archduke W in his Gallery 0 when Charles V died LW inherited his paintings collection documentation of the paintings he owned kunstkammer art closet not actually displayed like this simply for purpose of fitting them in the painting Teniers left showing LW right his collection COMP to Brouwer for enhance portrait type Callot o province of Lorraine in France 0 wartorn in 16th17th centuries 0 strong ltalian ties Medici family print maker 15921635 ave lifespan from aristocratic home apprenticed to gold smith 0 very readily transferred skill set to engraving o engraving materials 0 copper or zinc plate 0 burrin stylus can contain as many as 1600 figures created choppe pronounce ehshow pay 0 tool for created mark of varying depths 0 adopted chemical engraving 0 cover plate in wax coating 0 scrape image into wax 0 clip in acid bath to bites into plate 0 repeat for deeper marks The Fan 1619 etching and engraving 1619 mock battle on the asuo rives two groups major guilds cloth workers cloth dyers sense of humor looking through frame mask carnival ruscriptiai battle of the king of cloth 8 dyes above another creature cat Fame looking like folded paper sitting on the edge sitting in our space looking inwards observing taking our place 0 COMP Michelangelo Capital in o placed ionic form of column from antiquity and head sticking its tongue out 0 same pessous with same chasactes fashion series documentation of historical event The Hanging the Miseries of War Paris 1633 created ou spec no commission 17 individual prints depicting the horrors of warfare sold bound into books local poet helps with title and explanatory verses privilege from the king to do the printing nice clothing getting ready for war looking like going to a party nothing threatening exciting soldiers have been captured and hung for their transgressions drum being beat swords armor now on ground new recruits in background cycular each of the series is 325 x 725 o juxtaposition of small and NOT cute Vouet Presentation in the Temple George de La Tour part of French Caravaggisti obsession with ltaly hence Caravaggio name knew Caravaggio s work first or second hand leading painter in Lorraine during his life time do not think he went to Italy complicates paintings with more figures than Caravaggio s complicates paintings with more figures 1639 painter to King Louis Xlll possible he trained with printmaker o perhaps Callot 16101615 is a blank spot where he may have travelled to Holland or ltaly not known 1620s1640s day lit genre scenes 0 1640s nocturnal religious scenes The Cheat with Ace of Diamonds Lorraine 163034 0 pitture ridicule humourous pictures of people in ridiculous situations 0 hallmarks of Caravaggio s daylight genre scene 0 tenebrism strong lightdark differences 0 day lit intermediate space o 12 of figures combining two types of Caravaggio 0 card sharps prodigal son 0 prostitutes riddled with immoral behavior St Joseph the Carpenter Lorraine 1642 example of nocturnal religious scene meant for private setting not church extrabiblical devotional image Joseph nearly identical to Caravaggio s Conversion of St Paul EXTREME tenebrism introduces light sources not a Caravaggio thing 0 Gerrit von Honthorst did candle first drill could be symbolic for lance in Christ s side increasing devotion to the Christ Child and Joseph at the time Le Nain A Peasant Family
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