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History of Rock Test 2 study guide

by: Adrienne Nave

History of Rock Test 2 study guide MUCO 120

Marketplace > University of Tennessee - Knoxville > Art > MUCO 120 > History of Rock Test 2 study guide
Adrienne Nave
GPA 3.75

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About this Document

These notes cover all that is game for the 2nd test except what will be gone over the week of April 18. I will post the April 18 week notes after class on Wednesday.
History of Rock
Sean K McCollough
Study Guide
1970s, Rock, history
50 ?




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This 9 page Study Guide was uploaded by Adrienne Nave on Sunday April 17, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to MUCO 120 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Sean K McCollough in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 216 views. For similar materials see History of Rock in Art at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.


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Date Created: 04/17/16
Folk Music and the Folk Revival - Folk Music was a huge influence on the Beatles’ music and the British Revival - Folk Music was music that existed before music was commercialized - Includes music that has elements of the folk music before it was commercialized - Used many acoustic instruments - Woody Guthrie o Called The Dust Bowl Poet and The Poet of the People o “This Land is Your Land” - Folk music is music that ties us all together - The Weavers o Ronnie Gilbert, Lee Hays, Fred Hellerman, Pete Seeger o “Wimoweh” - Pete Seeger o Was investigated for being a Communist during the Red Scare but was not put in jail. He claimed that he had the right to sing whatever song he wanted which he did and is how he got out of trouble. o “We Shall Overcome”  Highlander Fold School in Mont Eagle  Was shut down because the government claimed that it was illegal to hold integrated meetings  Then moved to a house in Knoxville and then moved to a house in New Market o Guy Carawan  Was very influential in the spread of civil rights song such as “We Shall Overcome”  “Ain’t You Got a Right” - Lead Belly (Huddie Ledbetter) o Not particularly political in his music o “Goodnight Irene” - Folklorists John and son Alan Lomax made field recordings of music that the commercial music industry wasn’t interested in. - Bob Dylan o Loved the music of Woody Gutherie o First album was not much of a success o 2 ndalbum, The Freewheelin’, was more of a success o Starts as a Folk singer/Protest singer but is later a rock singer o Dylan the Protest Singer  “Masters of War” o Dylan the Ballad Singer  “Lord Randal” o Dylan the Poet o Dylan the Singer Songwriter  “Don’t Think Twice” Back to the 60s - Decade with a lot going on politically and socially - Civil Rights Movement started in the 1950s and blossomed during the 1960s - 1963 John F. Kennedy was assassinated - 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis - 1969 Vietnam War that was largely unsupported by the country - Greenwich Village- Folk venue o Considered one of the top 3 venues for music Soul Music Continued - Stax Records o Owned by brother and sister Jim Stewart and Estelle Axton o Booker T and the MGs (integrated band) o Otis Redding  “Try a Little Tenderness”  One of the more popular artists to come from Stax records  (Memphis was still a very segregated city in the 60s)  Died in a plane crash at the end of the decade o Stax Records formed a relationship with Atlantic Records which helped them reach a bigger audience o Stax had an organic way of recording music which is one of the reasons why they became more popular - Atlantic Records o Jerry Wexler was the head of Atlantic Records o Atlantic noticed the way that Stax recorded their music and decided to partner with Stax records o Wilson Picket  “In the Midnight Hour” o They eventually stopped working with Stax records and began working with Game studios in Muscle Shoals, AL - Fame Studios o Aretha Franklin  Started out with a Gospel sound  “Do Right Woman”  The Queen of Soul  “Respect” – cover of Otis Redding song  Sang at MLK funeral Funk Music - Grew out of the Civil Rights music and moved back to more of the African roots - James Brown Psychedelic Rock - What is a Hippie? o People choosing to live their lives a different way than their parents did/rejection of the way their parents did things - The Making of the American counterculture o Born out of San Francisco o Haight Ashbury  The main location where this came out of o Alan Ginsberg at the First Human Be-In  Bands begin to play at these Human be-In gatherings  Poem called “Howl” o Timothy Leary and Psychedelic Drug Use  Encouraged the use of drug  Essentially said to leave Marijuana and Alcohol behind to give in to higher drugs o Ken Kesey and the Merry Pranksters  Hosted parties called “Acid Test Parties”  “When the blues mixed with Phychedelics, that is when rock music took off” o The Filmore Auditorium and The Avalon Ballroom o The Grateful Dead  Did not have a top 40 hit until the 1980s  Very Important to the American Counter Culture  Started in Folk Music  Workingman’s Dead Album  “Uncle John’s Band”  American Beauty  “Friend of the Devil”  Jam Band  Would take a 3-minute studio song and make it into a 15-20 minute jam song when live (meditative rock)-  Very committed fan base called Deadheads o Jerry Garcia’s Bluegrass Band  Old and in The Way  “Wild Horses”  Hippy Grass o Jefferson Airplane  “Somebody to Love”  Were more popular than the Grateful Dead and had 2 top ten hits  “White Rabbit”  Grace Slick lead singer  One of the first prominent women in rock music o Janis Joplin  Died at the age of 27 from a drug overdose  Big Brother and the Holding company  “Piece of My Heart”  Pearl was released after her death  “Me and Bobby Mcghee” Folk Music=political Psychedelic=philosophical Monterey International Pop Festival - “Music, Love and Flowers” Jimi Hendrix - Instrumental genius of the psychedelic era - Previously played in a band in the Army - Goes to England to join the British Blues Revival scene - Introduced into American music at the Monterey International Pop Festival - “Rock Me Baby” - Started his own studio called Electric Lady Land Studios - Thought of sound like color - “And The Gods Made Love” referred to this song as a color painting - “Voodoo Chile” - “All Along the Watchtower” Edgard Varese - The “Father of Electronic Music” - Used experimentation to make new sounds of music - Rock bands were notorious for listening to him to get inspiration Woodstock - 450,000 people in attendance - “Three Days of Peace and Music” - New York passed a law to make sure that this never happens again in the state - Festival started with Ritchie Havens playing “Freedom” - Santana - Janice Joplin - The Greatful Dead - The Who - Jefferson Airplane - Closed with Jimi Hendrix The Beach Boys - Released an album called Pet Sounds - “Wouldn’t It Be Nice” - “Good Vibrations” The Beatles and Psychedelic Rock - “Sgt. Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band” o Many people consider this to be the most important album in rock music o Concept Album o Meant to be listened to as a whole, not as singles o “Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds” got criticism for this song because the title of song was thought to reference LSD The Beatles - Sargent peppers lonely hearts club bands continued o “A Day in the Life”  Piece of it written by Lennon, and a piece of it written by McCartney - Brian Epstein’s death was the beginning of the end for the Beatles - Announced break up by the end of 1970 - The “White Album” o Very experimental o “Revolution 9” - Abby Road o Last record they recorded but not last record they released o George Harrison quit half way through “Let it Be” so they brought in Phil Spector to finish it which some of them later regretted o “Here Comes the Sun” The Velvet Underground- The Wild side of the 60s - Lou Reed- was not afraid to paint a realistic picture of what people were uncomfortable talking about - Nico and Andy Warhol - “Walk on the Wild Side” - The Factory o Place were art by Andy Warhol and others were displayed, The Velvet Underground often performed there - The Exploding Plastic Inevitable - Noise and Dissonance were often used - The Velvet Underground and Nico o “Heroin” Jim Morrison of the Doors - “Break On Through” - “Light My Fire” The Rolling Stones in the late 60s - “She’s a Rainbow” - “Their Satanic Majesties Request” was their Psychedelic Concept Album - Many of the crazy things they were doing were for publicity but some think they did it for art - “Sympathy for the Devil” o accused of being devil worshipers for this song - Altamont Concert 1969 o The Rolling Stones hired the Hell’s Angels as security o Was as big, if not even bigger than Woodstock but did not go as well - Sticky Fingers album o “Brown Sugar”  possible refers to slavery and rape but could have another meaning The 70s - Fragmentation of Styles The 70s - The Rise of Corporate Rock o Artists were suddenly making a much larger amount of money which was both a good and a bad thing - Blockbuster Albums: record companies focused most of their resources on one or two artists to sell the largest amount of records o Frampton Comes Alive o Fleetwood Mac Rumors - Fleetwood mac o Grew out of the British blues revival o Mick Fleetwood, Stevie Nicks, Logan McVie, Christine McVie, and Lindsey Buckingham - Kiss o Prime example of Rock’n Roll as Theatre and Merchandise o It was not just enough to get on stage and play your music - Experimenting in the Studio o Many bands tried to create albums like Sgt. Peppers o “Dark Side of the Moon” by Pink Floyd was the only album that came close - Progressive Rock/Prog. Rock/Art Rock o Adding elements of other styles of Rock and Classical Music o Experimentation o The Moody Blues  “Knights in White Satin”** o King Crimson  “Court of the Crimson King” - Pink Floyd o Did not completely fit in the Prog. Rock category but used similar styles o Grew out of the psychedelic movement o Syd Barrett  “Astronomy Domine” o Dark Side of the Moon  Very dark lyrics about alienation  “Money”  Roger Waters wrote a good portion of the lyrics after Syd Barret left the band  “Brain Damage” o The Wall Album  Talks about post war alienation - The Who o Pete Townsend was exploring new ideas in religion such a Zen Buddhism and tried to turn these ideas into music o Tommy  The First Rock Opera  “Pinball Wizard” o “Baba O’Riley” **  Blends Zen Buddhism ideas and Minimalism - Led Zeppelin o Grew Out of the British Blues Revival and the Psychedelic movement o Very much a Blues Oriented Band o The Largest Rock Band in the 70s o Much of their music was acoustic but was also called heavy metal from some people o “Whole Lotta Love” - Heavy metal o Grew out of the British blues revival o Riff based, centered around the guitar riff o Cream  “Sunshine of Your Love” o Black Sabbath  “Sabbath Bloody Sabbath”  Ossi refers to this as doom rock  Dark music that explores the ideas of death o Glam Metal  Alice Cooper  “School’s Out” o Aerosmith  Pop metal  “Sweet Emotion”  Slight blues nature to their music  Steven Tyler lead singer o Van Halen  Hair Bands: guitar laden bands with big hair  “Running with the Devil”  Alex and Eddie Val Halen  Eddie Van Halen- fantastic guitar player, popularized tapping on the guitar strings  “Eruption” guitar solo o Metallica  Thrash Metal  “Master of Puppets” - Southern Rock o The Allman Brothers  “Stormy Monday”  Duane Allman also played as a musician for the Muscle Shoals Recording studio  “Whipping Post”  Eric Clapton and Duane Allman  “Layla” o Lynyrd Skynyrd  “Freebird”  About Duane Allman dying - Country Rock o The Eagles  “Hotel California”  “Take it Easy” Written by Glen Frey o The Byrds  The birth of country rock  “You Ain’t Goin’ Nowhere” o written by Bob Dylan  Graham Parsons and Emylou Harris  “Love Hurts”  Graham parsons died of a Heroin overdose o Dylan and the Band  “The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down” - Folk Rock o Crosby, Stills, and Nash  Occasionally Neil young played with them  Folk Rock Super Group  “Suite Judy Blue Eyes” - Singer Songwriters of the 70s o James Taylor  “Fire and Rain” o Carole King  Started at the Brill building writing songs  Tapestry  “You’ve Got a Friend” o Joni Mitchell  “All I Want” o Van Morrison  Came out of the British Blues revival  “Into the Mystic” - Punk Rock o Neil Young  A mix of singer songwriter and punk rock  “My, My, Hey, Hey”


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