Social Issues (SOSC 10114) 9/9/15 Topic: Global Inequalities
∙ Core nations, or wealthy nations, make up about 12% of the world population ∙ About 2/3 of the world population lives on $2 a day
∙ About 1/3 of the world population lives on $1 a day
∙ The nations who are not part of the 12% are called Periphery Nations, or in general, poor nations
∙ The inequalities in standard of living are due to something called the Legacy of Colonialism; this means the idea that core countries (the top 12%) expand and control poor nations.
∙ This idea dates back to the 13 colonies of the United States, who were left poor after declaring their independence from Great Britain
∙ The idea of NeoColonialism is the ability to control other countries via banks and proxy governments
∙ Certain countries are considered SemiPeriphery, such as India and Venezuela ∙ The Dependency Theory is the idea that poor people and countries depend on the rich people and countries to provide for them
∙ There are certain Multinational corporations, such as Coca Cola, who outsource jobs at factories in poor countries to help their economy
∙ “GunboatDiplomacy” is a type of military enforced foreign policy
∙ Neoliberalism is the idea of capitalism with little regulation
∙ Nationalism, which many countries have, is the intense belief in own’s nations rightness and glory If you want to learn more check out What food that our digestive enzymes cannot break down?
∙ Throughout history, there have been many levels of organized groups of people, starting with hunters and gatherers, Tribes that consist of hundreds of people, Chiefdoms that have thousands of people, and finally States who have 50,000 or more people in them
∙ A very important example of rich countries taking over poor countries is the Berlin Conference of 1885. This conference is where European countries and the USA tried to decide how they were dividing the continent of Africa amongst themselves to take it over.
∙ A Democracy consists of elected representatives
∙ A Dictatorship is one person ruling
∙ A Junta is a military government
∙ A Totalitarian system is when the government rules all
∙ Sociological Research: Define the problem, Review literature and data, Formulate hypothesis, Select research method, and Make Conclusions
Social Issues (SOSC 10114) 9/16/15 Topic: Race, Gender, and Ecology
∙ The ecology and environment were thriving until the invention of the plow and the advent of agriculture and farming
∙ Since the advent of farming, there have been many changes to the once simple farming; changes such as Factory Farming, which leads to hormoning animals to make them grow faster
∙ There have been many instances of illegal logging (cutting down of trees) ∙ National Parks are a system of Ecotourism, a way to preserve resources and raise awareness at the same time We also discuss several other topics like What is rule 1001?
∙ Within the realm of gender, we see many inequalities
∙ The Feminization of poverty says that globally, women are more at risk to fall victim to poverty because they are not valued as highly as men
∙ Men tend to vent their frustration on women
∙ The old practice from tribal times of hunting and gathering is when men and women seemed to be most equal in history
∙ There is a lot of correlation between poverty and divorce rates, as well as incarceration, disease, school failures, suicide, and substance abuse
∙ Women have turned into advocates, and the most notable ones are Nobel Prize Laureates: Jody Williams, Malala, and Rigoberta Menchu
∙ A modern form of slavery is human trafficking, as well as child soldiers and sweat shops
∙ Intersectionality is the combined challenges of many groups of people ∙ A Racial Group is set apart by physical characteristics or political significance ∙ An Ethnic Group is set apart by nationality or culture
∙ Five Characteristics of a minority group: unequal treatment, physical/cultural characteristics, ascribed status, group identity, and marry within the group ∙ Light vs. Dark skin; in 1800’s Irish/Italian were not considered white ∙ Stereotypes are positive and negative generalizations Don't forget about the age old question of What is rogier van der weyden, deposition, ca. 1435-1438 all about?
∙ Hate crimes increase during bad economic times
∙ Prejudice is negative attitudes towards a race or ethnicity
∙ Discrimination is when you deny opportunities to a certain person or group
∙ Conflict perspective divides the working class
Social Issues (SOSC 10114) 9/23/15 Topic: War and Making a Difference
∙ War: Post WWII
∙ Berlin conference (1885) consequence of colonialism was that it created political borders, artificial borders, put countries into conflict, cultures changed, and all of those countries were left poor
∙ Ecocide consequences of war on ecology (atomic bombs, chemical warfare, etc.) ∙ Because of these types of warfare, the environment was destroyed, forests, babies were born deformed
∙ Sanctions punish a government for doing something wrong; the people get hurt the most ∙ Most wars are fought within nations rather than between nations If you want to learn more check out What is the probability that a pregnancy in this group of women will result in a congenital malformation?
If you want to learn more check out What is the main rationale for southern colonies?
∙ Civil War in USA in 18601865: first industrialized war (gun cartridges, rifles, bayonets, artillery, etc.)
∙ Child Soldiers children taken captive to fight in wars (such as in Africa in the Congo) ∙ Global Arms Trade give old arms (weapons) that are outdated to other countries ∙ AK47 very strong weapons; can withstand a lot of damage
∙ “Wars of liberation” many colonies fought against larger countries who occupy them (such as Portugal occupation of Mozambique)
∙ Ethnocentrism the idea that rich countries need to provide for the poor countries directly
∙ Hallibortion Bow chemical, tanks and more tanks
∙ MLK any nation that spends more money on military rather than social programs is heading towards spiritual death
∙ Smedley Butler won Congressional Medal of Honor; wrote a few books that show what war really is, and that war just makes money for rich countries
∙ Eisenhower military industrial complex; the idea that a country’s primary need is to fund the military If you want to learn more check out How is action potential is sent up the axon to the glomeruli in the olfactory bulb?
∙ Bush Doctrine preemptive strikes; the idea of a country attacking first if the country feels they are under threat of being attacked by another country
∙ NonGovernmental Organizations charities that provide help and volunteers for the benefit of different communities
∙ Wells a lot of times, one of the main issues in some countries is the availability of water. By drilling wells, it allows girls to go to school because they do not have to walk to get water from far away
∙ Many women are held back in their education in certain countries because they are seen as housewives or just not worthy of education; educating women makes a very large difference