×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to RCNJ - SOSC 101 - Class Notes - Week 1
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to RCNJ - SOSC 101 - Class Notes - Week 1

Already have an account? Login here
×
Reset your password

Define colonialism.

Define colonialism.

Description

School: Ramapo College of New Jersey
Department: Nursing and Health Science
Course: Social Issues
Professor: Professor shevack
Term: Spring 2016
Tags:
Cost: 25
Name: General Notes
Description: These notes cover the first few classes of Social Issues 101
Uploaded: 04/18/2016
5 Pages 57 Views 2 Unlocks
Reviews


Social Issues (SOSC 101­14) 9/9/15 Topic: Global Inequalities


Define colonialism.



∙ Core nations, or wealthy nations, make up about 12% of the world population ∙ About 2/3 of the world population lives on  $2 a day

∙ About 1/3 of the world population lives on $1 a day

∙ The nations who are not part of the 12% are called Periphery Nations, or in general,  poor nations

∙ The inequalities in standard of living are due to something called the Legacy of  Colonialism; this means the idea that core countries (the top 12%) expand and control  poor nations.

∙ This idea dates back to the 13 colonies of the United States, who were left poor after  declaring their independence from Great Britain

∙ The idea of Neo­Colonialism is the ability to control other countries via banks and proxy governments


What is a type of military enforced foreign policy?



∙ Certain countries are considered Semi­Periphery, such as India and Venezuela ∙ The Dependency Theory is the idea that poor people and countries depend on the rich  people and countries to provide for them

∙ There are certain Multinational corporations, such as Coca Cola, who outsource jobs at  factories in poor countries to help their economy

∙ “Gunboat­Diplomacy” is a type of military enforced foreign policy

∙ Neo­liberalism is the idea of capitalism with little regulation

∙ Nationalism, which many countries have, is the intense belief in own’s nations rightness  and glory If you want to learn more check out What food that our digestive enzymes cannot break down?

∙ Throughout history, there have been many levels of organized groups of people, starting  with hunters and gatherers, Tribes that consist of hundreds of people, Chiefdoms that  have thousands of people, and finally States who have 50,000 or more people in them


What is the idea of capitalism with little regulation?



∙ A very important example of rich countries taking over poor countries is the Berlin  Conference of 1885. This conference is where European countries and the USA tried to  decide how they were dividing the continent of Africa amongst themselves to take it  over.

∙ A Democracy consists of elected representatives

∙ A Dictatorship is one person ruling

∙ A Junta is a military government

∙ A Totalitarian system is when the government rules all

∙ Sociological Research: Define the problem, Review literature and data, Formulate hypothesis, Select research method, and Make Conclusions

Social Issues (SOSC 101­14) 9/16/15 Topic: Race, Gender, and Ecology

∙ The ecology and environment were thriving until the invention of the plow and the  advent of agriculture and farming

∙ Since the advent of farming, there have been many changes to the once simple farming;  changes such as Factory Farming, which leads to hormoning animals to make them  grow faster

∙ There have been many instances of illegal logging (cutting down of trees) ∙ National Parks are a system of Ecotourism, a way to preserve resources and raise  awareness at the same time We also discuss several other topics like What is rule 1001?

∙ Within the realm of gender, we see many inequalities

∙ The Feminization of poverty says that globally, women are more at risk to fall victim to  poverty because they are not valued as highly as men

∙ Men tend to vent their frustration on women 

∙ The old practice from tribal times of hunting and gathering is when men and women  seemed to be most equal in history

∙ There is a lot of correlation between poverty and divorce rates, as well as incarceration,  disease, school failures, suicide, and substance abuse

∙ Women have turned into advocates, and the most notable ones are Nobel Prize Laureates: Jody Williams, Malala, and Rigoberta Menchu

∙ A modern form of slavery is human trafficking, as well as child soldiers and sweat  shops

∙ Intersectionality is the combined challenges of many groups of people ∙ A Racial Group is set apart by physical characteristics or political significance ∙ An Ethnic Group is set apart by nationality or culture

∙ Five Characteristics of a minority group: unequal treatment, physical/cultural  characteristics, ascribed status, group identity, and marry within the group ∙ Light vs. Dark skin; in 1800’s Irish/Italian were not considered white ∙ Stereotypes are positive and negative generalizations Don't forget about the age old question of What is rogier van der weyden, deposition, ca. 1435­-1438 all about?

∙ Hate crimes increase during bad economic times

∙ Prejudice is negative attitudes towards a race or ethnicity

∙ Discrimination is when you deny opportunities to a certain person or group

∙ Conflict perspective divides the working class

Social Issues (SOSC 101­14) 9/23/15 Topic: War and Making a Difference

∙ War: Post WWII

∙ Berlin conference (1885)­ consequence of colonialism was that it created political  borders, artificial borders, put countries into conflict, cultures changed, and all of those  countries were left poor

∙ Ecocide­ consequences of war on ecology (atomic bombs, chemical warfare, etc.) ∙ Because of these types of warfare, the environment was destroyed, forests, babies were  born deformed

∙ Sanctions­ punish a government for doing something wrong; the people get hurt the most ∙ Most wars are fought within nations rather than between nations If you want to learn more check out What is the probability that a pregnancy in this group of women will result in a congenital malformation?
If you want to learn more check out What is the main rationale for southern colonies?

∙ Civil War in USA in 1860­1865: first industrialized war (gun cartridges, rifles,  bayonets, artillery, etc.)

∙ Child Soldiers­ children taken captive to fight in wars (such as in Africa in the Congo) ∙ Global Arms Trade­ give old arms (weapons) that are outdated to other countries  ∙ AK­47­ very strong weapons; can withstand a lot of damage

∙ “Wars of liberation”­ many colonies fought against larger countries who occupy them  (such as Portugal occupation of Mozambique)

∙ Ethnocentrism­ the idea that rich countries need to provide for the poor countries  directly

∙ Hallibortion­ Bow chemical, tanks and more tanks

∙ MLK­ any nation that spends more money on military rather than social programs is  heading towards spiritual death

∙ Smedley Butler­ won Congressional Medal of Honor; wrote a few books that show what  war really is, and that war just makes money for rich countries

∙ Eisenhower­ military industrial complex; the idea that a country’s primary need is to  fund the military If you want to learn more check out How is action potential is sent up the axon to the glomeruli in the olfactory bulb?

∙ Bush Doctrine­ pre­emptive strikes; the idea of a country attacking first if the country  feels they are under threat of being attacked by another country

∙ Non­Governmental Organizations­ charities that provide help and volunteers for the  benefit of different communities

∙ Wells­ a lot of times, one of the main issues in some countries is the availability of water. By drilling wells, it allows girls to go to school because they do not have to walk to get  water from far away

∙ Many women are held back in their education in certain countries because they are seen  as housewives or just not worthy of education; educating women makes a very large  difference

Page Expired
5off
It looks like your free minutes have expired! Lucky for you we have all the content you need, just sign up here