Fall Final study guide
Fall Final study guide Anthro 101
Popular in General Anthropology
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Amanda Heinle on Saturday February 14, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Anthro 101 at Washington State University taught by Shila Baski in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 177 views. For similar materials see General Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Washington State University.
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Date Created: 02/14/15
ANTH 101 Fall 2014 Study Guide for Exam 3 Final 1 often requires a third party some sort of political organization to collect and then redistribute resources 2 participants are able to buy sell exchange and speculate on currencies 3 Trobriand Islanders a sort of jewelry to display wealth 4 exogamy 5 marriage within a particular group 6 consanguine 7 affine 8 most common man and woman 9 A man can take more than one wife common in Islamic societies 10 a women can have more than one husband Himalayan area Nepal and Tibet One women with brothers as husbands A widow marries her deceased husband s brother or close male relative A widower man marries his deseased wide s sister or close female relative 13 A barren women of advanced age could marry one or more young women Problematic to a universal definition of marriage belief is that the angry spirit of a childless relative harms living kin Children are recognized as the ghost husband s children service rendered by the bridegroom to a bride39s family as a bride price or 14 15 part of one 17 a sum of money or quantity of goods given to a bride39s family by that of the groom especially in tribal societies property or money brought by a bride to her husband on their marriage a sequence of species each of which is considered to have evolved from its predecessor a group of closeknit and interrelated families a group that consist of all the relatives of a specific person 22 2 generations parents and children Foragers and western societies 23 extended family 34 generations of family members mostly related by blood consanguine some related by marriage affine 18 19 20 21 24 sense of morality personal shame fear of divine punishment designed to encourage conformity to social norms 25 mechanisms through which behavior is directed into acceptable channels 2 kinds Intemalized social control amp externalized social control 26 a social division in a traditional society consisting of families or communities linked by social economic religious or blood ties with a common culture and dialect typically having a recognized leader 27 a shaman is a man or woman who is believed to have a special relationship with supernatural powers Fulltime religious specialist public ceremoniesrituals that mark important status changes in an individual s life cycle 30 religionmagic sorcerywitchcraft myths 31 the assumption is that whatever happens for a reason VOODOO DOLL 32 the assumption things that were once in contact still have the power from the former bodies soul 33 the belief in a supernatural power that organizes and animates the material universe 34 a belief in a generalized impersonal power over which people have some measure of control 35 the study of the music of different cultures especially nonWestern ones 28 29 2 Be able to describe four types of subsistence patterns found around the world various cultural features population size settlement patterns division of labor etc that are usually associated with each of them and different parts of the world where each of these subsistence systems is practiced 3 Know various modes of distribution of goods three types of reciprocity redistribution and market exchange and the groups associated with each of them 1 Generalized Reciprocity the mode of exchange in which the value of the gift is not calculated the time of repayment is not specified 2 Balanced Reciprocity the giving and receiving are specific for the value and time of return EX crow ameridians Yanomamo 3 Negative Reciprocity exchange between equals where parties try to take advantage of each other EX Navajo other societies often requires a third party to collect and then redistribute resources EX Potlatches prices set by supply and demand standardized currency goods bought and sold in a market place sedentary community 4 Be able to describe various types of marriage systems discussed in the book and in class and their advantagesdisadvantages Also know the cultures groups that are associated with each of these systems problematic to a universal definition of marriage marriage within a particular group EX caste endogamy in India common one man and one woman a man can take more than one wife expensive EX common in Islamic societies a woman can have more than one husband one women with brothers as husbands EX Himalayan area Napal amp Tibet Advantages more protection and the family stays together A widow marries her deceased husband s brother or a close relative EX Tlingit a widower man marries his deceased wife s sister or a close relative A kin marries a woman to his name and pays bride price A barren women of advanced age could marry one or more younger women 5 List and discuss various patterns of postmarital residence found in the world patrilocal matrilocal ambilocal neolocal and avunculocal Provide examples What kinds of factors in uence the choice of a particular residence pattern a society might have 6 Know various systems of kinship terminology Eskimo Hawaiian Iroquois and Sudanese descriptive identify members of the family while merging together all other relatives industrialized societies all relatives of the same generation and same sex are referred to by the same term Parallel cousins siblings cross cousins by different terms 7 Define quotdescent groupquot List and characterize various kinds of descent groups found in the world Be able to provide examples 8 What is political organization Be able to discuss various kinds of political systems and the groups associated with each of these systems 9 What is religion Be able to discuss the functions of religion provides explanations for thingsevents that are otherwise unexplainable Helps people cope With crisis uncertainty grief stress trauma Provide notions of right and wrong setting precedents for acceptable behavior Religious rituals may enhance the learning of oral traditions Maintains group solidarity EX origin myths
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