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OK State - HIST 1113 - Class Notes - Week 12

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OK State - HIST 1113 - Class Notes - Week 12

School: Oklahoma State University
Department: Engineering
Course: Survey of American History
Professor: Peter Nadeau
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: CH 26 &27 notes
Description: here you go
Uploaded: 04/18/2016
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background image I. President Nixon A. Nixon's Domestic Policies 1. Having won the presidency by a very narrow margin, Nixon  moved toward the political center on many issues. 2. The Nixon administration created a host of new federal  agencies. 1. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) 2. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) 3. National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) B. Nixon and Welfare a. Perhaps Nixon's most startling initiative was his proposal for a  Family Assistance Plan. 1. The plan would have replaced Aid to Families with  Dependent Children (AFDC) with a guaranteed annual 
income, but it failed in Congress.
B. Nixon and Race a. To consolidate support in the white South, Nixon nominated to  the Supreme Court conservative southern jurists with records of 
support for segregation.
1. Both were rejected by the Senate. b. The Nixon administration also pursued affirmative action  programs to upgrade minority employment. 1. Philadelphia Plan b. Trade unions of skilled workers strongly opposed the  Philadelphia Plan. B. The Burger Court a. Warren Burger was expected to lead the justices in a  conservative direction but surprised many of his supporters. b. In Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education (1971),  busing was used as a tool to achieve integration. 1. Boston b. Many whites came to view affirmative action programs as a form of reverse discrimination.
background image c. In Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978), the  Court ruled that fixed quotas were unconstitutional but that race
could be used as one factor among many in college admission 
decisions.
B. The Continuing Sexual Revolution a. To the alarm of conservatives, during the 1970s, the sexual  revolution passed from the counterculture into the social 
mainstream.
b. The number of divorces in 1975 exceeded the number of first- time marriages. c. Women made inroads into areas from which they had long been  excluded in the 1970s. 1. Title IX 2. Equal Credit Opportunity Act 3. More employment opportunities b. The gay and lesbian movement expanded greatly during the  1970s and became a major concern of the right. B. Nixon and Détente a. Conservatives viewed Nixon's foreign policy as dangerously soft  on communism. b. Nixon and Henry Kissinger continued their predecessors' policy  of attempting to undermine governments deemed dangerous to 
American strategic or economic interests.
1. Chile. b. In his relations with the major communist powers, however,  Nixon fundamentally altered Cold War policies. c. Nixon visited China in 1972. d. Nixon then went to Moscow, signing the treaties associated with  the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT). 1. Détente II. Vietnam and Watergate A. Nixon and Vietnam a. Vietnamization b. Antiwar protests climaxed in 1970.
background image 1. Kent State and Jackson State Universities 2. Social changes within the troops b. Public support for the war was rapidly waning. 1. My Lai Massacre 2. War Powers Act of 1973 B. The End of the Vietnam War a. The Paris peace agreement made possible the final withdrawal  of American troops in 1973. b. Vietnam was a military, political, and social disaster. C. Watergate a. Nixon was obsessed with secrecy and viewed critics as a threat  to national security. 1. Pentagon Papers led to the plumbers. b. The Watergate break-in was covered up by the White House. 1. Nixon's tapes B. Nixon's Fall a. In August 1974, the House Judiciary Committee voted to  recommend that Nixon be impeached for conspiracy to obstruct 
justice.
1. Nixon resigned. b. Nixon's presidency remains a classic example of the abuse of  political power. c. Frank Church led investigations against the Central Intelligence  Agency (CIA). 1. Church Committee revelations seriously undermined  Americans' confidence in their own government. b. Liberals, who had despised Nixon throughout his career,  celebrated his downfall. II. The End of the Golden Age A. The Decline of Manufacturing a. During the 1970s, the long period of postwar economic  expansion and consumer prosperity came to an end and was 
succeeded by slow growth and high inflation.
background image b. In 1971, for the first time in the twentieth century, the United  States experienced a merchandise trade deficit. c. Nixon took the United States off the gold standard. B. Stagflation a. The United States experienced two oil shocks in the 1970s. b. By 1973 the United States imported one-third of its oil. c. "Stagflation": stagnant economic growth and high inflation. 1. Misery index B. The Beleaguered Social Compact a. Faced with declining profits and rising overseas competition,  corporations eliminated well-paid manufacturing jobs. 1. The effects on industrial cities were devastating. 2. The growth of cities in the Sunbelt was dramatic. b. In some manufacturing centers, political and economic leaders  welcomed the opportunity to remake their cities as finance, 
information, and entertainment hubs.
c. Always a junior partner in the Democratic coalition, the labor  movement found itself forced onto the defensive. B. Ford as President a. Among his first acts as president, Ford pardoned Nixon. b. In domestic policy, Ford's presidency lacked significant  accomplishment. 1. WIN b. The Helsinki Accords were signed in 1975. B. The Carter Administration a. Carter ran for president as an outsider, making a virtue of the  fact that he had never held federal office. b. Carter had more in common with Progressives of the early  twentieth century than with more recent liberals. C. Carter and the Economic Crisis a. Carter viewed inflation, not unemployment, as the country's  main economic problem.

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School: Oklahoma State University
Department: Engineering
Course: Survey of American History
Professor: Peter Nadeau
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: CH 26 &27 notes
Description: here you go
Uploaded: 04/18/2016
14 Pages 58 Views 46 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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