Chapter Ten Outline
Chapter Ten Outline Sociology 1101: Introductory Sociology
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alexandra Grese on Sunday February 15, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Sociology 1101: Introductory Sociology at Ohio State University taught by J. Craig Jenkins in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 173 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 02/15/15
Alexandra Grese Chapter Ten Outline Global Stratification and Classification 0 Global inequality some nations have more resources than others I Functionalst why do we have it what purpose does it serve I Con ict focus on inequality and the powerful exploiting the less powerful I Symbolic daytoday impact and the meaning people assign to it 0 Global stratification I Definition unequal distribution of resources among nations Gaps between nations Gaps within nations Can be economic or social prejudice discrimination 0 Global classification I Just because a country is poorer doesn t mean it s inferior Cold War Terminology 0 First second third world country based on econ development and standard of living 0 Fourth stigmatized minority denied political voice everywhere prisoners homeless Noblesse oblige first world responsibility 0 Help the worse off I Wallerstein World Systems Approach Economic basis to understand global inequality global econ a hierarch Subordinate at a disadvantage Core Nations 0 Dominant capitalist highly industrialized and urbanized 0 North American Free Trade Agreement an example of how nation can get advantage Peripheral little industrialization outdated Semiperipheral in between can t dictate policy but major source for raw materials I World Bank Economic Classification by Income Source for global econ data GNI gross national income all goods and services net income earned outside country 0 Part of US if headquarters in US 0 Highincome middleincome and low income I High Capital ight movement of capital from one country to another 0 Ex moving factories to Mexico Deindustrialization no new jobs opening to take place of those lost when moved factories to Mexico I Middle Debt accumulation happens when borrowing money from other nations to expand and grow 0 Global markets sometimes reduce the value of their goods I Low Global feminization more women today are affected by poverty than men 0 More likely to go hungry 0 Less likely to receive aid 0 More likely to be stuck taking care of family when husband leaves Global Wealth and Poverty 0 Type of poverty I Relative can afford necessities but not standard of living I Absolute lack of basic necessities less than a dollar a dayquot World Bank I subjective income doesn t meet expectations and perceptions how a person family defines selves 0 Who are the impoverish I Africa Where most of the poor countries are 0 Availability of farmable land lack of rain stripped of resources by colonialization civil wars inadequate government I Asia Most of world s poorest people Japan and S Korea gt Indonesia and Cambodia China s marketoriented reforms have helped reduce poverty but all still feel effects of global recession I Latin America Improved lately due to investment in education High risk speculative investment High interest rate Internal political struggles drug trafficking corrupt gov 0 Consequences of Poverty I Consequences also cause Inadequate health care limited education inaccessible birth control I Neckerman and Torche Why it happens Sedimentation of global inequality 0 Once poverty happens it s hard to reverse Effects on mental and physical health Prevalence of crime 0 Slavery I Chattel slavery one person owns another as property Ex child prostitutes I Debt bondage bonded labor pledge self in exchange for necessities Can only ever get by never ahead Theoretical Perspectives on Global Stratification o Modernization Theory I Low income countries can improve econ by Adjusting cultural values and attitudes to work Industrialization and other forms of econ growth I Assumes all countries have the resources means to get better and that they want to be like core countries ethnocentric bias 0 Dependency Theory I Core nations exploit little guys and make them need them They and World Bank choose which counties to give loans I Encourages core nations to make more peripheral ones allies puts them on the same team meaning core nations have an interest in making sure they fair okay
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