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Study Guide Practice Test

by: AlexandraRita Notetaker

Study Guide Practice Test NPB 010

AlexandraRita Notetaker
GPA 4.2

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About this Document

Practice test and answer key for upcoming midterm for NPB 010
Elementary Human Physiology
Dr. Bautista
Study Guide
study, Studyguide, NPB010, neurobiology, Physiology
50 ?




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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by AlexandraRita Notetaker on Monday April 18, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to NPB 010 at University of California - Davis taught by Dr. Bautista in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Elementary Human Physiology in Neuroscience at University of California - Davis.


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Date Created: 04/18/16
NPB 10 Midterm 1 (2006) Matching (1 pt each) a. Neurotransmitter d. Protein b. Ion e. Nucleic acid c. Lipid ____ 1. This is may be stored in vescicles in neurons ____ 2. This is an atom that has gained an electron ____ 3. This is considered hydrophobic ____ 4. Myosin is an example Multiple Choice (3 pts) ____ 5. The sequence of amino acids is the __________ structure of proteins. a. Primary c. Tertiary b. Secondary d. Quaternary ____ 6. What is the primary site for protein synthesis in cells? a. Golgi bodies d. Mitochondria b. The nucleus e. Ribosomes c. The smooth endoplasmic reticulum ____ 7. Pick the FALSE statement about enzymes a. The enzyme interacts with reactants b. Not all reactions require enzymes c. All enzymes have an active site where substrates are temporarily bound. d. Enzymes are consumed in the reaction e. Enzymes speed up reactions. ____ 8. Stomach, spleen, liver, and pancreas are examples of a. Organ systems c. Cells b. Organs d. Tissues ____ 9. The tissue type that lines internal surfaces of the body is a. Epithelial d. Muscle b. Loose connective e. Fibrous c. Neuronal ____ 10. Tendons connect a. Bones to bones d. Muscle to bones b. Muscle to ligaments e. Ligaments to bones c. Bones to cartilage ____ 11. Olfactory centers are responsive to a. Touch d. Sound b. Smell e. Sight c. Taste ____ 12. The pain produced in an internal organ may be perceived as occurring somewhere else. This is called a. mixed nerve messages. b. referred pain. c. phantom pain. d. psychosomatic pain. e. hypochondria. ____ 13. In hearing, sound waves are transduced by... a. Bones of the middle ear. d. The cochlea b. The ear drum e. The outer ear c. The vestibular apparatus ____ 14. Hair cells are important in the sense of a. Balance b. Hearing c. Touch d. TWO of the above are CORRECT answers to this question e. ALL of the above are CORRECT answers to this question ____ 15. Which of the following BEST defines a stimulus? a. It’s an action potential in a neuron b. It’s a depolarization of a nerve cell c. It’s the energy that elicits a response d. It’s the response to a environmental event ____ 16. Which of the following is NOT a basic taste category identified in humans? a. Bitter d. Sour b. Salty e. Sweet c. Spicy ____ 17. Which of the following statements about action potentials is FALSE? a. Action potentials move from neurons into muscle b. During the action potential, Na+ moves into the cell c. Myelination allows action potentials to move faster d. Only excitable cells have action potentials ____ 18. Genes are composed of many linked ... a. Nucleic acids d. Proteins b. Amino acids e. Glucose molecules c. Triglycerides ____ 19. What protein makes up thick filaments? a. Actin d. Fibrin b. Myosin e. Collagen c. Troponin ____ 20. Which of the following is NOT necessary for normal neuronal development? a. Migration of axons b. Cell division c. Cell death d. Appropriately timed gene expression e. ALL of the above ARE necessary for normal neuronal development ____ 21. Suppose the cones of a patient are not functioning properly. Which of the following would be TRUE of this patient? a. The patient cannot detect colors b. The patient is insensitive to painful stimuli c. The patient cannot hear d. The patient does not detect deep pressure ____ 22. In the central nervous system, the ventricles are filled with ________. a. Intracellular fluid d. Cerebrospinal fluid b. Plasma e. Neurotransmitters c. Extracellular fluid ____ 23. Which transport process requires energy? a. Faciliated diffusion d. All of these processed require energy b. Active transport e. None of these processes c. Simple diffusion ____ 24. Suppose a human muscle cell were immersed in salt water. What immediate problem will it most likely face? a. It will lose ions to the environment d. It will swell b. It will shrink e. None of the above. c. It’s pH will increase ____ 25. Which statement is TRUE about white fibers? a. They always contract slowly b. They contain less contractile proteins than red fibers c. They contain myoglobin d. They fatigue quickly ____ 26. What region of a neuron stores and releases neurotransmitters? a. The cell body d. The dendrites b. The axon e. NONE of the above c. The axon terminal or bouton ____ 27. Pick the TRUE statement about the cell a. Nucleic acids are stored in the endoplasmic reticulum b. The cell membrane is made up fat like polypeptides c. The differences between cell is based on the type of DNA that each cell contains d. mRNA serves as a guide for protein synthesis ____ 28. Pick the TRUE statement regarding homeostasis a. It keeps the environment outside of the body constant b. Homeostasis causes large changes in the body’s internal environment c. Only the plasma and brain fluid are homeostatically regulated d. Homeostatic responses are reflexes ____ 29. Suppose a person is unable to consolidate short term memory into long term memory. This inability could be caused by impaired... a. Adaptation d. Habituation b. Long term potentiation e. Facilitation c. Sensitization ____ 30. Which statement is FALSE? a. Embryos exhibit electrical activity b. Fat is classified as connective tissue c. Nerves of the gastrointestinal tract are classified as peripheral nerves d. We are consciously aware of only five senses ____ 31. Enzymes... a. Are required for all chemical reactions in living systems. b. Increase the amount of substrate in a chemical reaction c. Create ATP for the reaction d. Never become part of the final product. e. Always inhibit chemical reactions ____ 32. In the synapse, the neurotransmitterbinds to _______ on the target cell. a. The nucleus d. The cytoplasm b. The sarcoplasmic reticulum e. Vescicles c. The receptor ____ 33. The brain is “plastic.” What does this mean? a. It is capable of creating new connections b. It has lots of myelination c. It cannot change its connections ever d. It has different regions of specialization e. The tissue making it up is soft and pliable ____ 34. What are synovial joints? a. They are found between bones of the skull b. They exhibit little movement c. They allow a lot of movement d. They lack cartilage e. They are made up of cartilage that develops into bone as a human matures ____ 35. Suppose that a disease causes osteoporosis. What might it do? a. It increases Ca2+ absorption from the digestive system b. It turns on osteoblasts c. It decreases Vitamin D synthesis d. It increases estrogen production in females ____ 36. During action potential propagation, which of the following occurs? + a. Na flows into the cell b. Cleavage of ATP (which liberates energy) c. K flows into the cell d. Neurotransmitter release by the cell body e. Hyperpolarization NPB 10 Midterm 1 (2006) Answer Section MATCHING 1. ANS: A 2. ANS: B 3. ANS: C 4. ANS: D MULTIPLE CHOICE 5. ANS: A DIF: Easy TOP: PROTEINS: BIOLOGICAL MOLECULES WITH MANY ROLES 6. ANS: E DIF: Moderate TOP: THE PARTS OF A EUKARYOTIC CELL 7. ANS: D DIF: Moderate TOP: METABOLISM: DOING CELLULAR WORK 8. ANS: B DIF: Easy TOP: OPEN OR CLOSE THE STEM CELL FACTORIES? 9. ANS: A DIF: Easy TOP: EPITHELIUM: THE BODY'S COVERING AND LININGS 10. ANS: D DIF: Moderate TOP: THE SKELETON: THE BODY'S BONY FRAMEWORK 11. ANS: B DIF: Easy TOP: SENSORY RECEPTORS AND PATHWAYS--AN OVERVIEW 12. ANS: B DIF: Easy TOP: SOMATIC "BODY" SENSATIONS 13. ANS: D DIF: Medium REF: Heariing 14. ANS: D DIF: Moderate TOP: BALANCE: SENSING THE BODY'S NATURAL POSITION 15. ANS: C DIF: Moderate TOP: SENSORY RECEPTORS AND PATHWAYS--AN OVERVIEW 16. ANS: C DIF: Moderate TOP: TASTE AND SMELL--CHEMICAL SENSES 17. ANS: A DIF: Medium REF: Action potentials 18. ANS: A DIF: easy REF: Basic Cell Biology 19. ANS: B DIF: Easy REF: Muscle 20. ANS: E DIF: Medium REF: Neuronal Development 21. ANS: A DIF: Easy REF: Sensory systems 22. ANS: D DIF: Easy REF: Cerebrospinal Fluid 23. ANS: B Active transport involves ATP usage by a transport process while the other two are driven passively. DIF: Easy REF: Transport Processes 24. ANS: B DIF: Easy REF: Basic Cell Biology 25. ANS: D DIF: Medium REF: Muscle\ 26. ANS: C DIF: Easy REF: Neurons 27. ANS: D DIF: Easy REF: Genes and Protein synthesis 28. ANS: D DIF: Easy REF: Homeostasis 29. ANS: B DIF: Easy REF: Memory and Learning 30. ANS: D DIF: Medium REF: General 31. ANS: D DIF: Medium REF: Basic Cell Biology 32. ANS: C DIF: easy REF: Neuromuscular junction 33. ANS: A DIF: Easy REF: Learning, Brain 34. ANS: C DIF: Easy REF: Bones 35. ANS: C DIF: Easy REF: Bones 36. ANS: A DIF: Medium REF: Action Potential


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