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BSC 109 - Module 9 - Test 2 Study Guide

by: Mina Lubel

BSC 109 - Module 9 - Test 2 Study Guide BSC 109

Marketplace > University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa > Biology > BSC 109 > BSC 109 Module 9 Test 2 Study Guide
Mina Lubel
GPA 3.25
Introductory Biology for Non-Majors II
Austin Hicks

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About this Document

Here is module 9 for the online biology class taught by Austin Hicks. Use to study for test 2.
Introductory Biology for Non-Majors II
Austin Hicks
Study Guide
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Mina Lubel on Monday February 16, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to BSC 109 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Austin Hicks in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 304 views. For similar materials see Introductory Biology for Non-Majors II in Biology at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 02/16/15
Module 9 Assignment Name Directions Answer the following questions Submit via Assignments in the Course Tools menu 1 What is the function of fats carbohydrates and proteins Fats function as a way to store energy carbohydrates function as a source of metabolic fuel component of nucleic acids and proteins function to regulate biological reactions 2 What is BMI Individuals with a BMI of or more are considered overweight BMI stands for Body Mass Index Individuals with a BMI of 25 or more are considered overweight 3 Define the following a Herbivores animals that eat plants exclusively b Carnivores animals that are meat eaters c Omnivores animals that eat both plants and other animals 4 What is digestion Digestion is the process of breaking down food by mechanical and enzymatic action in the alimentary canal into substances that can be used by the body 5 Why do herbivores have longer intestinal tracts than carnivores Herbivores have longer digestive tracts because cellulose found in plants is very difficult to digest 6 Humans are omnivores How are human teeth specialized for eating Humans have canine teeth for tearing and grasping food molars for smashing vegetation and incisors for cutting meat 7 What is the purpose of saliva Saliva moistens and lubricates the food so that it is easier to swallow and does not abrade the tissue it passes on its way through the esophagus Saliva also contains the hydrolytic enzyme salivary amylase which initiates the breakdown of the polysaccharide starch into the disaccharide maltose 8 Trace the path of food through the digestive tract beginning with the mouth Mouth 9 Oral Cavity 9 Esophagus 9 Stomach 9 Small Intestine 9 Large Intestine colon 9 Rectum 9 Anus 9 What is the digestive function of the following a b Esophagus conducts food bolus from the pharynx to the stomach Stomach J shaped organ where food is partially digested churned and stored until released into the small intestine Small Intestine break down large molecules into small ones Large Intestine where water is removed from the wastes and returned to the body m excretes solid waste from the body 10 Define the following a b Chyme liquid combination of partially digested food water HC1 and digestive enzymes Peristalsis waves of smooth muscle contractions that carries food through the digestive system Helicobactor pylori microaerophilic bacterium found in the stomach 11 What structures in the intestine increase the surface area so as to increase absorption Microvilli 12 What is the digestive function of the pancreas and the liver The pancreas regulates blood glucose levels and neutralizes the HCI from the stomach and the liver stores vitamins and iron destroys poisons and produces bile


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