Critical Approaches to Literature STUDY GUIDE HUMA 3300.001
Critical Approaches to Literature STUDY GUIDE HUMA 3300.001 HUMA 3300.001 (Ming Dong Gu)
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HUMA 1301 (Chinese Humanities with Ming Dong Gu)
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This 15 page Study Guide was uploaded by Nicholas Notetaker on Tuesday April 19, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HUMA 3300.001 (Ming Dong Gu) at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Dr. Ming Dong Gu in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Critical Approaches to Literature in Arts and Humanities at University of Texas at Dallas.
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Date Created: 04/19/16
Critical Approaches to Literature Study guide for final HUMA 3300.001 These questions are generated from past quizzes to help decide what may or may not be on the final test Format: Question? answer Who is the Main protagonist in "To His Coy Mistress"? a man In the title "To His Coy Mistress," "coy" means she is? Unwilling In the lines "But at my back I always hear/Time's winged chariot hurrying near; / And yonder all before us lie / deserts of vast eternity," the "chariot and the deserts" are examples of metaphors In the lines "Rather at once our time devour/than languish in his slowchapped power," "his" refers to time Which of the following do you learn about the speaker of this poem? He is well educated The key theme(s) of the poem is/are Carpe diem and memento mori The most prominent thematic motif(s) of the poem is/are the space/time metaphors and sexuality The structure of the poem "To His Coy Mistress" is a Syllogism In the lines "Thy beauty shall no more be found, / nor, in thy marble vault, shall sound / My echoing song...," the "Marble vault" is a reference to the grave and the mistress's body "Time's winged chariot" is an allusion to Apollo Death seems a preoccupation of the speaker most likely because during his time the plague accounted for thousands of deaths What does the speaker offer in the third stanza as the logical conclusion to be drawn from the ideas presented in the first two stanzas? They should love now because there is no tomorrow The parts of the Freytag pyramid are Exposition rising action climax falling action denouement Historicalbiographical approaches involve A focus on the life, time, and environment of the author and/or characters An examination of how external factors affect the text Aristotle's poetics describes the basic elements of drama, including the effect of catharsis. What is catharsis? the sense of pity and fear in the audience at the hero's demise The most important element defining a short story is unity Source studies scholars concentrate on tracing allusions in texts to other texts The most significant source of imagery and symbolism, as well as theme, in "young Goodman brown" is the bible Who is not a character in Hawthorne's "YGB?" Brown's brother Who among the following is not at the witch's congregation? An Indian chief Textual Scholarship aims to establish authentic texts Genre refers to the form of a literary work Which of the following is NOT one of the traditional approaches to literature? formalism The formalist investigates such matters in a text as form texture, image, and symbol point of view Formalist critics were once known as the New Critics The formalist critic advocates "art for art's sake" focuses on the work as an entity separate from historical and biographical information The intentional fallacy is thinking you know exactly what the author meant Who is the narrator of "Everyday Use"? the mother "Asalamalakim" is a greeting sometimes used by Arabic speakers What do the quilts "mean" as objects central to the story? They are art objects they are meant to cover the marriage bed they represent family and the continuity of women's relationships Dee demands to take various household objects with her to decorate her apartment, including the butter churn top and dasher, a bench, and grandma Dee's quilt Which latenight television personality appears in Everyday Use? Johnny Carson The climax of "Everyday Use" occurs when the mother takes the quilts from Dee and gives them to Maggie "Everyday Use" is set in Old south Georgia To understand the historical/biographical dimensions of "Everyday Use", it helps to know that Alice Walker was herself the daughter of southern sharecroppers walker was deserted by her older, educated sister, Mollie The 1970s, when the story was written, were a time of black nationalism A central narrative pattern in Adventures of Huckleberry Finn involves Huck Lying The climax of Huck's adventures occurs when Jim is freed and Huck finds out his father is dead Jim and Huck are trying to reach which town during their trip downriver Cairo The Dauphin represents which historical character? the son of Louis XVI Adventures of Huckleberry Finn has been criticized and censored for leading boys to swear, smoke, and neglect Sunday school using the word "nigger" its comic and satiric treatment of painful racial issues Adventures of Huckleberry Finn can best be described as A social commentary an adventure novel a humor novel Jim is all of the following except stupid Pap Finn returns because he wants his money The story Jim tells Huck about Elizabeth shows that Jim misses his family and has feelings identical to those of white fathers and Jim is a good father Who teaches Huck to act like a girl? Judith Loftus When Huck sees the Duke and the King tarred and feathered, he says, "It was enough to make a body ashamed of the human race." this quote is an example of Huck's unwillingness to participate in society Huck's seeming abandonment of his promise to "go to hell" for his friend Jim just before the Phelps farm chapters at the end of the book when the argues to tom's elaborate and painful games with Jim imprisoned in his cabin is evident of Huck's youth, innocence, and ignorance, twain's satire on Americans' ideals of nation and race, a sardonic admission that it is all too easy to fall under sway of a ""romantic personality such as tom Which of the following characters is shot in Jim's final escape in the novel? Tom Why does Huckleberry Finn run away from home? He is afraid pap will kill him What happens in the fog at Cairo, Illinois? Huck makes fun of Jim's dream interpretation of the "trash" on the raft, but later apologizes and Jim and Huck get separated The river best serves as a symbol of which of the following? freedom At the Phelps farm, Tom agrees to help Jim because he knows Jim is really free anyway What role does Jim play in the book? He is a runaway slave he is a morally upright man, in fact, the most moral character in the book he is a mother and father figure to Huck In Chapter 31, Huck's decision about whether or not to turn in Jim means Huck decides to go to hell rather than turn his friend in to Miss Watson Judging from all of his narrative puzzles, Twain may be viewed as a Trickster What is the subject of Hamlet's famous "To be, or not to be" soliloquy? Whether to keep on living to avenge his father or to commit suicide Why does Ophelia resolve to reject Hamlet? Her father has persuaded her that Hamlet intends merely to seduce her What special arrangement about their performance does Hamlet make with the players? They will play a murder scene in which the king is poisoned What cause does Polonius assign for Hamlet's apparent madness? Hamlet is in love with Ophelia One of the most important image patterns in Hamlet is the metaphor of the trap In Hamlet, the "mousetrap play" is an example of Hamlet's use of psychological manipulation against Claudius What did Freud mean by stating that Hamlet has an Oedipus complex? Hamlet seems to be possessive of his mother and hates his (step) father, whom he wishes to kill Hamlet resembles the Greek tragic hero, Oedipus Which type of critic attempts to provide insight into the thematic and symbolic mysteries of a literary work and especially seek the possible motives behind its authorship? the psychological critic According to Freud, the libido is the prime psychic force or sexual energy The psychological approach interests itself in such things as "hidden" patterns of personality childhood traumas sexuality A phallic symbol is a male sexual symbol of the penis Freud's id, ego, and superego correspond to which of the following? the unconscious drive for pleasure, the everyday self, and social conscience The psychological critic would assert that Adventures of Huckleberry Finn should be read as demonstrating an abused son's search for a father figure an attack on "unconscious" racial attitudes in late 19th cenury America Sigmund Freud argued that Most of an individual's metal processes are unconscious and ultimately driven by sexuality due to social taboos and pressure, sexual impulses, desires, and memories are repressed the mind is divided into couscous and unconsciousness parts Robert Walton is an adventurer and sea captain After victor's creature comes alive, victor looks at him and is horrified and disgusted runs away disowns the creature Victor's not protecting his wife from the creature on his wedding night could be explained by noting that he is in denial about everything What does the creature want victor to do? create a female to be his companion Why is Justine accused of murder? the picture of Caroline is found in her dress Armed with scientific knowledge, while at university victor decides upon the artificial creation of a human Ultimately, victor's schooling results in his being obsessed with knowledge Victor's greatest sin is abandoning the creature Where does victor listen to the creature's account of himself and his demand upon victor? in a hut on a glacier near Montavert How does the creature learn to speak? by listening to Felix teach Safie the German language At the end of Frankenstein, who says this: "But soon I shall die, and what I now feel be no longer felt. Soon these burning miseries will be extinct. I shall ascend my funeral pile triumphantly, and exult in the agony of the torturing flames." the creature Walton's goal is to find a passage between the Atlantic and pacific Walton is the first narrator in Frankenstein. Who are the other two? Victor and the creature Archetypes are similar motifs and themes found in multiple mythologies The scapegoat archetype concerns the sacrificial death of a kingfigure Jung divided the psyche into persona, shadow, and anima Mythological approaches tend to Concentrate on seeking out the mysterious elements that inform certain works and elicit dramatic and universal human reactions investigate how certain works become classics while works of similar constructions do not, and search for underlying motives of human behavior Myths are not merely falsehoods, fictions, or illusions, they do not just encompass Greek and roman deities or clever children's fables they are not universal stories the same in each and every culture Gender studies examine how gender is less determined by nature than constructed by culture Thirdwave feminism seeks to include lowerclass, thirdworld women Feminist criticism is concerned with the marginalization of women in patriarchal culture tries to explain how the subordination of women is reflected in or challenged by literary texts tries to examine the experiences of women from all races, classes, and cultures Feminist criticism in general has moved away from exposing male bias and towards studying women's texts and women authors Which one of the following is NOT one of Elaine Showalter's four models of sexual difference? occasional The most important archetypes for reading "to His Coy Mistress" are time and immortality Faith in "Young Goodman Brown" is an archetype of the soulmate the anime The most common archetypal patterns involve creation, immortality, and the hero Feminism is no longer homogenous
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