Test 2 Psychology 350
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Courtney Stevenson on Tuesday February 17, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Psychology 350 at Washington State University taught by Donelle Posey in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 136 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at Washington State University.
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Date Created: 02/17/15
Exam 2 Short Answer Questions a BIRGing basking in re ected glory of another person39s success football team fan wearing jersey and bragging about the team39s win buying paraphernalia boasting on social media b CORFing cutting off re ected favor is when people disassociate themselves with lower status individuals concealing their association with a losing team taking down posters getting rid of paraphernalia etc a Counterfactual thinking is looking back on an event and thinking of other alternatives to how they could have gone quotWhat ifquot quotIf only I hadquot b Upward counterfactual thinking is when a person thinks consequences of a past event could have been more favorable c Downward counterfactual thinking is when a person thinks the consequences of a past event could have been worse or more undesirable than they were a Because if your opinion of how you thought you did was worse than the grade you got it is more satisfying even if the grade is not the best Missing a grade cutoff makes you feel like you could have studied a little better or done something to make the grade a Autobiographical memories recollections of the events of your life i To know or think about the self you must remember thingseventspeople b Selfconcept can shape what we remember c Selfreference effect when info is relevant to our selfconcepts we process it quickly and remember it better a Selfperception theory when cues are dif cult to interpret we gain selfinsight by observing our own behavior i Suppose you wolf down your lunch 1 quotWow I must have been hungryquot b A better predictor of future behavior is past behavior a There are two components to emotional experience i Physiological arousal ii A person39s perception of arousal a Affective forecasting predicting how you would feel in response to future events b Durability bias overestimation of duration of emotional reactions c Impact bias overestimation of emotional impact of an event a We tend to rate ourselves quotabove averagequot for qualities that are subjective and socially desirable b The survey at the end of the test showed a normal distributed bell curve with an exception of some outliers because of the above average effect a Making attributions using covariation principle i We attribute behavior to factors that are present when a behavior occurs and absent when it does not b 3 factors i Consensus how do different people react to the same stimulus ii Distinctiveness how does the same person react to different stimuli iii Consistency what is the behavior when the person and stimulus are held constant a Our tendency to overestimate dispositional results caused by internal characteristics factors and underestimate situational factors b We think about what happens in a social setting and we tend to explain it from a person39s personality traits abilities and motives as opposed to external factors l I l I
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