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Exam Three Study Guide

by: Drake Kuhlmann

Exam Three Study Guide 269

Marketplace > Kansas > OTHER > 269 > Exam Three Study Guide
Drake Kuhlmann
GPA 2.7
Exercise Science

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About this Document

All information needed to know for exam three
Exercise Science
Study Guide
50 ?




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This 9 page Study Guide was uploaded by Drake Kuhlmann on Thursday February 19, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 269 at Kansas taught by in Spring2012. Since its upload, it has received 85 views. For similar materials see Exercise Science in OTHER at Kansas.


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Date Created: 02/19/15
Ch 9 02272012 0 Nutrition 0 The science of food ingestion digestion absorption and metabolism Dietetics o The science of applying food and nutrition to health and disease 0 Exercisesport nutrition 0 Integration of principles of nutrition and physical activity as they relate to enhancement of sports performance or prevention of chronic diseases 0 Ancient Egyptians Greeks and Romans 0 First interest in diet and proper nutrition 0 Early 20th century 0 Nutrition science was recognized as a separate discipline 0 Harvard Fatigue Laboratory 0 Research in exercise physiology and exercisesport nutrition 0 19505 and 605 0 development of a true science related to exercisesport nutrition Gatorade sport science institute 1988 o Encourages and disseminate education service and research in sports nutrition 0 Now o Technological advances 0 Development of nutrients and cellular compounds to help improve performanceergogenic aids Parent 0 Biology and chemistry Foundation for understand almost every aspect of nutrition exercise and health 0 Related 0 Dietetics food science and pharmacology Intake and performance 0 Carbohydrate Have a direct relationship to fatigue 0 Protein 0 Fat 0 Vitamins and minerals Water electrolytes and physical performance Ergogenic aids 0 Nutrition and its application to injury rehabilitation and sports medicine Coronary heart disease 0 Genetic engineering and transgene technology Obesity 0 Hyperlipidemia 0 Hypertension Diabetes Osteoporosis 0 Muscle biopsy technique 0 Blood and urine analyses Calorimetry Metabolic measurements 0 Dietary recall and analysis 0 Body composition and assessment 0 The study of the human body in motion 0 The study of forces that act on the body and the effects those forces produce 0 The science that investigates the effect of internal and external forces on human and animal bodies in movement and at rest A science that incorporates motor control physics exercise physiology and engineering Normal contact force Friction forces 0 Direct positive linear relationship between normal contact forces and friction forces If the moment arm of the muscles pulling on the radius bone is 1 in how much for must these muscles generate to hold this weight in a static position Kinesiology o A science that investigates human movement 0 The parent discipline of biomechanics Statics 0 Branch of mechanics that investigates bodies masses and forces at rest or in equilibrium Dynamics 0 Investigates bodies masses and forces in motion 0 Temporal analysis Uses time as the sole bases for analysis 0 Kinematics Investigates motion without reference to masses or forces 0 Kinetics Investigates the actions of forces in producing or changing the motion of masses 0 Ancient Greeks o Included separation between facts and ction in the discipline development of mechanical and mathematical models development of anatomical models and the rst attempt to examine the human body biomechanically o Aristotle Wrote about complex movements such as running and walking 0 19605 0 the term biomechanics began appearing with more frequency in the literature and biomechanics nally became a graduate specialization developmental biomechanics 0 focuses on evaluations of essential movement patterns across the life span 0 evaluates and quanti es various types of activities 0 compares an individual s performance with overall patterns to determine his level of ability 0 examples evaluates therapies for children with developmental disorders identi es causes of fall in elderly population biomechanics of exercise and sports 0 focuses on postures and movement patterns to minimize risk of injury and improve performance 0 examples helps to design sport footwear and exercise equipment develops and test protective devices analyzes golf swings rehabilitative biomechanics 0 studies the movement patterns of injured and disabled people 0 helps in developing appropriate rehabilitative protocols o examples studies the effects of peripheral arterial disease on gait patterns occupational biomechanics 0 focuses on providing a safer and more efficient environment for the worker 0 development of better safety equipment to protect the body from the effects of falling or colliding with other objects is an important area of research forensic biomechanics 0 focuses on legal issues 0 provides forensic investigations technical reports and expert testimony in human performancerelated incidents involving personal injury 0 examples evaluates potential effects of seat belts shoulder harnesses on spinal injuries during a car accident timing devices motion recording devices 0 photographs cinematography and videography magnetic resonance imaging goniometers 0 monitors position angle changes ofjoints dynamography 0 pressure insoles accelerometers o mechanomyography monitors vibrations created during muscle actions electromyography 0 monitors electrical potentials created during muscle actions 0 modeling 0 simulations 0 Motor learning 0 Study of the acquisition of motor skills 0 How one learns to control muscles and coordinate limbs in order to produce a chosen action 0 Motor control 0 Study of how the nervous system controls movement 0 How one s nervous system produces actions 0 Before practice 0 How do I want to present the skills to be learned 0 How do motivate learners o What kind of knowledge do I want learners to have before they practice 0 How do I want to organize the practice session 0 During practice 0 How do I give feedback 0 How do I maintain motivation o How much rest should there be between trials 0 Should learners evaluate their own errors 0 After practice 0 What kind of post performance feedback should I give 0 How do help learners remember what they have learned 0 How much retentions should I expect 0 A strength and conditioning coach 0 Teaches proper techniques for Olympic lifting o A physical therapist o Helps a stroke patient regain mobility 0 Animal spirits or bioelectricity o How did we come to understand how the nervous system causes muscle contraction Cerebral localization 0 How did we come to know that speci c mental motor and sensory processes are correlated with speci c regions of the brain 0 Theoretical developments in motor learning 0 Why did it take so long for a theory of motor learning to emerge o Theories to explain how the nervous system controls movement 0 Multilevel movement control CNS 0 Openloop control theories No feedback Used to learn a new skill o Closedloop control theories Direct feedback in the loop Used for a new skill 0 Dynamic pattern theory 0 Has been shown to be involved in the movement planning process Initiates action and also control movement amplitude or distance o Determines which muscles are involved in the action and the particular level of force required for the action Muscle spindles stretch re ex play a role in maximal force production 0 Where are personality is 0 Where the light switch is theoretical approaches to studying on test


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