Sociology 13A Outline complete
Sociology 13A Outline complete 13879
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kelsey Ball on Wednesday April 20, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 13879 at Arkansas State University taught by Linda J. Brady in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Arts and Humanities at Arkansas State University.
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Date Created: 04/20/16
Chapter 13 Family – is a social institution that unties people together in a cooperative group to care for one another, including children. Kinship a social bond based on common ancestry, marriage or adoption. Marriage – is a legal relationship, usually involving economic cooperation as well as sexual activity and childbearing Marriage patterns 1. Mate selection (page 421). A. Endogamy marriage between people of the same social category B. Exogamy marriage of people from different social categories C. Monogamy marriage that unites two partners D. Polygamy marriage between one person and 2 or more spouses (illegal in US) 2. Residential Patterns A. Patrilocality – near or with the husband’s side of the family B. Matrilocality live with the women’s side of the family C. Neolocality live anywhere we want to, not thinking about our parents 3. Patterns of descent A. Patrilineal trace the father’s side of the family B. Matrilineal trace the mother’s side of the family C. Bilateral trace it through both sides of the family 4. Patterns of Authority In the US, the family has changed and is still changing a lot into who or what we include in a family What the theorists say about the family 1. Structural functionalist – calls family “backbone of society” A. Four vital tasks 1. Socialization it is in the family where you learn how to act in society 2. Regulation of sexual activity learning what is write and wrong with sexual activity from the family 3. Social placement learn social class, race and ethnicity, and religion or lack of 4. Material and emotional security we get our protection and support from our families 2. Conflict theory A. How family perpetuates social inequality 1. Property and inheritance not everyone has property or materials to pass down 2. Patriarchymale dominance over females, women do the house work 3. Race and ethnicity 3. Symbolic interactionists – A. How individuals shape and experience family life 1. Childs Placement in the family first, middle, or last child 2. Intimacy closeness of the family Four Alternative Family types 1. One parent family 31% of families and 74% of these are by women Children in this type: poor, less schooling, lower income as adults, single parents themselves one day 2. Cohabitation – sharing of a household by an unmarried couple 3. Gay and lesbian couples – 1989 Denmark, US states can decide 4. Singlehood – choosing to stay single, mainly women Stages of Family Life A.Courtship and romantic love 1. it was arranged 2. romantic love was the basics of marriage 3. US believes monogamy is what we promote B. Ideal/Real Marriage ideal marriage is what you have in your mind and male and female have different views. Real is what actually takes place in life C. Child rearing children are liablilities not assets D. Family Later death and retirement U.S. Families: Class, Race, and Gender A. social class influences marriage B. race impacts how the family acts, different races act differently C. women often experience marriage differently and are choosing not to marry Transitions and Problems in Family Life A. The US has the highest divorce rate in the world and it continues to rise 1. The high U.S. divorce rate has many causes: A. individualism is rising (thinking about ones self) B. Romantic love goes away C. women are no longer dependent on men D. marriage is stressful E. it is social acceptable to get divorced F. easy to get divorced 2. Remarriage and Blended families many people have been married twice, which leads to children from both sides 3.Family Violence violence is normally directed at women, but some is directed towards men Families: Looking Ahead A. High divorce rate will continue to rise without decline B. Family styles will be very diverse and different C. Most children are going to have weak ties with their fathers D. Two careers to make an income will continue E. New reproductive technologies will be made and used
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