Sociology Outline 13B
Sociology Outline 13B 13879
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kelsey Ball on Wednesday April 20, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 13879 at Arkansas State University taught by Linda J. Brady in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Arts and Humanities at Arkansas State University.
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Date Created: 04/20/16
Religion: a belief in or worship of a superhuman higher power Types A. Sacred – being holy 1. Ritual a religious ceremony consisting of a series of actions performed according to a prescribed order 2. Faith complete trust or confidence in someone or something B. Profane B. THEORIES 1. Structural Functionalists – A. Emile Durkheim from France. Created the 4 functions of deviance and 3 functions of religion B. Three functions of religion 1. share norms and values 2. provides social control 3. provides meaning and purpose to life 2. Symbolic Interaction theory religion is what we make of it. Man created religion. Practice through ceremonies. Religion is security for some 3. Conflict theorists religion created inequalities “religion is the opium of the people” A. Inequality and religion highlights inequalities because some churches can dress up to go to church and poor people didn’t have clothes to dress up B. Gender and religion many have men at the head of the church and women aren’t allowed to hold higher positions C. Religion and Social Change 1. Max Weber’s Protestant – the Protestant Work Ethic and the Spirit of capitalism 2. Liberation theology is a fusion of Christian principles with political activism, often Marxist in character. D. Types of Religious Organizations 1. A church defined: religious organization that is well integrated into society Two types 1. A state church formally allied with the state 2. A denomination independent of the state and recognizes religious pluralism B. A sect a religious organization that stands apart from regular society C. A cult religious organization that is largely outside a societies religious cultural beliefs E. Religion in History A. Religion in preindustrial societies hunting & gathering believed in animism (all inanimate objects have a life) agricultural organized religion with preachers B. Religion in industrial societies science was introduced into the world and physicians took the place of some preachers. Religion still persists today because science hasn’t proved by the Earth exists yet. F. Religion in the United States about 80% of people consider themselves religious 1. Religious Affiliation protestant or catholic are the most common, few Jewish/other 2.Religiosity how important religion is in your life (85% believe in a divine power, 60% know their Gods, 56% say they pray every day, 30% attend church regularly) 3. Religious Diversity A. Social Class upper class are Jewish, middle class are Methodist or catholic, lower class are other denomination B. Ethnicity African American services seem to be more happy C. Race does not really affect what religion you are G. Religion in a Changing Society 1. Secularization the historical decline of the important of the sacred or supernatural 2.Civil Religion does not worship a God, but an animate object like the flag 3.Spirituality without formal religion: New age 1. Believe in a higher power 2. believe we are all connected in some way 3. believe in a spirit world 4. biggest goal is to experience the spiritual world they believe in 5. Seek a life after death 4. Good Old Time Religion: Fundamentalists 1. Interpret the text literally 2. They reject religious pluralism 3. Their goal is to go to heaven and have a personal experience with God 4. They oppose humanism (people worshiping themselves) 5. Extremely conservative in politics Groups associated with religion 1. A group is 2 or more people 2. A group shares common goals 3. A group has shared norms 4. Everyone has a role or function 5. There is a status system 6. People get that sense of belonging
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