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the cold war

Created by: Madalyn Koelpin Elite Notetaker

Flashcards > History > the cold war
School: University of North Carolina at Pembroke
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Name: the cold war
Uploaded: 04/20/2016
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iron curtain

A political barrier that isolated the peoples of Eastern Europe after WWII, restricting their ability to travel outside the region

truman doctrine

President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology

berlin airlift

airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin

marshall plan

A United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe

NATO

an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country especially against the Soviets

Warsaw pact

An alliance between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations. This was in response to the NATO

satellite nations

Countries dependent upon and dominated by the Soviet Union

united nations

An international organization formed after WWII to promote international peace, security, and cooperation.

brinkmanship

..., A policy of threatening to go to war in response to any enemy aggression.

arms race

Cold war competition between the U.S. and Soviet Union to build up their respective armed forces and weapons

korean war

..., Conflict that began with North Korea's invasion of South Korea and came to involve the United Nations (primarily the United States) allying with South Korea and the People's Republic of China allying with North Korea.

38th parallel

Dividing line between North and South Korea

domino theory

A theory that if one nation comes under communist control, then neighboring nations will also come under communist control.

U-2 incident

..., The incident when an American U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union. The U.S. denied the true purpose of the plane at first, but was forced to when the U.S.S.R. produced the living pilot and the largely intact plane to validate their claim of being spied on aerially. The incident worsened East-West relations during the Cold War and was a great embarrassment for the United States.

bay of pigs

..., In April 1961, a group of Cuban exiles organized and supported by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency landed on the southern coast of Cuba in an effort to overthrow Fidel Castro. When the invasion ended in disaster, President Kennedy took full responsibility for the failure.

berlin wall

A wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West

cuban missle crisis

..., The Soviet Union was secretly building nuclear missile launch sites in Cuba, which could have been used for a sneak-attack on the U.S. The U.S. blockaded Cuba until the U.S.S.R. agreed to dismantle the missile silos.

limited test ban treaty

..., 1963 treaty in which the United States and the Soviet Union agreed not to test nuclear weapons above the ground

harry truman

gave the order to drop the atomic bomb

Douglas MacArthur

..., (1880-1964), U.S. general. Commander of U.S. (later Allied) forces in the southwestern Pacific during World War II, he accepted Japan's surrender in 1945 and administered the ensuing Allied occupation. He was in charge of UN forces in Korea 1950-51, before being forced to relinquish command by President Truman.

Joseph McCarthy

"McCarthyism" was the fearful accusation of any dissenters of being communists

Fidel Castro

..., Cuban revolutionary leader who overthrew the corrupt regime of the dictator Fulgencio Batista in 1959 and soon after established a Communist state. He was prime minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976 and has been president of the government and First Secretary of the Communist Party since 1976.

George Kennan

..., an American advisor, diplomat, political scientist, and historian, best known as "the father of containment" and as a key figure in the emergence of the Cold War. He later wrote standard histories of the relations between Russia and the Western powers.

Dwight D. Eisenhower

"I like Ike!" button. Modern Republicanism---didn't undo the New Deal of the Democrats. Called "The Republican's Choice" . He was the commander of the allied forces in Europe, the army chief-of-staff after the war, and the director of NATO for two years. Dwight displayed "grandfatherly good will". The night before the 1952 presidential elections, he declared that he would personally go to Korea and end the war. This helped to win the majority in 41 of the lower 48 states. Eisenhower reigned over a period of unstable peace and prosperity. At the time of the integration of Central High he made the decision to send the 101st Airborne to Little Rock to protect the students

John F. Kennedy

assassintated by Lee Harvey Oswald in 1963

Nikita Khrushchev

For the first few years after Stalin's death in 1953, a group of leaders shared power. As time went by, however, one man did gain power. Like Stalin, he believed that communism would take over the world, but he thought it could triumph peacefully. He favored a policy of peaceful coexistence in which two powers would compete economically and scientifically.

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Join more than 18,000+ college students at University of North Carolina at Pembroke who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: University of North Carolina at Pembroke
Tags:
Name: the cold war
Uploaded: 04/20/2016
26 Pages 2 Views 1 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!

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