New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Music as a World Phenomenon: Unit 4- Study Guide

by: Carla Notetaker

Music as a World Phenomenon: Unit 4- Study Guide Mus 22121

Marketplace > Kent State University > Music > Mus 22121 > Music as a World Phenomenon Unit 4 Study Guide
Carla Notetaker

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Study Guide covers Unit 4: Chapters 10 and 11
Music as a world phenomenon
Andrew Shahriari
Study Guide
Music, Chapter10, Chapter11, Unit4, kent state
50 ?




Popular in Music as a world phenomenon

Popular in Music

This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Carla Notetaker on Wednesday April 20, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Mus 22121 at Kent State University taught by Andrew Shahriari in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see Music as a world phenomenon in Music at Kent State University.


Reviews for Music as a World Phenomenon: Unit 4- Study Guide


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 04/20/16
Music as a World Phenomenon -1 Unit 4: Study Guide Notes cover Unit 4: Chapters 10 and 11 Instrument Classifications  Aerophone o air is vibrating (flutes, reeds, trumpets)  Membranophne o stuck with hand, struck with a stick or other device, "rubbed" or "singing" membranes  Idiophone o thing itself is vibrating (plucked, struck, or shaken)  Lammellophone o idiophone with a tongue Sites o Ghana: Polyrhythmic (rhythmically dense) Ensemble  Audio: drums, rattles, bells, handclaps  Rhythmic pattern seems repetitive but isn’t actually. subtle variations.  Double bells produce high and low sounds  Drums played differently to create different/ unique timbres  Call and response- Vocal organization  Patterns together makes the music more interesting  Reference pattern used instead of an implied meter o Listening to each other is key.  Band: Recreational, formal - royal funeral, informal - market place o Talking drum  Audio: Kid talking and hitting drums- drum beat mimics vocal drum language depends on tonal contours of language and rhythm of speech. Music as a World Phenomenon -2 Unit 4: Study Guide  Two pitches so a high and low sound can be used to imitate tonal inflection. o Nigeria: Juju Music- complex polyrhythmic  Audio: Happy, fast pace, electric guitar/ keyboard  Popular music, often has an easily discernable duple meter beat – for wider audience main focus on lyrics o Pygmy: rainforest region of Central Africa  Egalitarian Social Structure: no chief or social hierarchy but does provide leadership opportunity.  Audio: Polyrhythm w/ voices dominating.  Vocals in typical call and response patter or repear phrases to interlock w/ other vocal performers.  Use small drums, bells, or rattles- full instrumentals are not often found. o Zimbabwe: Mbira Dza Vadzimu  Audio: polyrhythmic music box w/ a few louder beats. Multiple Mbira will be played at the same time.  Hosho gourd rattles drums and vocal performances.  For entertainment and reading spirits. o Akadina in Uganda  Audio: wood sticks hitting a board. Interweaving patterns created by performers sitting across from one another.  Unique for its 3 interlocking patterns.  Often used to praise King and Royals  Gyilxylophone instrument is used to produce sound. o Jali with Koea in Senegal- Gambia  Audio: string instrument like guitar w/ soothing vocals  Harp like sound and vocal melody  Kora is a lute harp- performers called Jali, sit on ground to play  Vocalist sings during the Kumbengo section.  Solo: Birimintingo- played quickly- instrument  Kumbengo- entire song- Vocal o Mbube Choir: Republic of South Africa  Audio: Purely vocal, choir w/ deep sounds and lush harmonies. Music as a World Phenomenon -3 Unit 4: Study Guide  Call and response, rhythmic changes from piece to piece which adds vibrancy from a shift in meter or temp. it is NOT polyrhythmic. o Vodou: Haiti  Audio: African drumming traditions, polyrhythmic percussions. Rada drums. o Reggae: Jamaica  Audio: Bob Marley song w/ laid back beat, lyrics expressed a lesson.  Heavy bass and thin guitar, lyrics educate general public on things relieving humanitarian ills.  Jah: God  2 & 4 “off beats” o Calypso: Trinidad and Tobago (islands)  Carnivals known as Mardi gras in the US. o Pan (steel drum): Calypso Music  Audio: sounds like an aquatic song  Basis of melody is harmony o Bahamas- Rhyming spiritual  Audio: Gossipal songs w/ vocals ranging in pitch  2 parts- baser w/ low gruff sound and rhymer who sings in middle to upper range  Rhyme the lyrics with previous verse and improve.  Rhythm generally follows a meter but tempo is not strict and often fluctuates w/ improve of rhymer.  3 parts: Earth = Basser, Sky = falsetto, Water/ Wind = Rhymer o Cuban Son: Afo- Cuban derived music  Audio: Latin Jazz similar to salsa.  Clave pattern is strongly syncopated and follows a 4 pulse duple meter.  Creates polyrhythmic structure for other percussion instruments to follow. o Merengue: associated w/ Dominican Republic  DR shares island w/ Haiti- island called Hispaniola  Haitian Revolution (1804) – most of French colonialists left therefore leaving a predominantly African descended population.  Culture- Dominican Spanish heritage Music as a World Phenomenon -4 Unit 4: Study Guide  Former dictator- Rafael Launidas Trujillo Molina largely succeeded in cultivating European roots and instilling a fear and dislike for the African connection, that he associated w/ Haitian people.  Audio: “Thuddy” drum, “scraping” timekeeper  3 major instruments: a double- faced barrel drum (tambora) a rasp idiophone (guira) and a button box accordion.  Tambora- fundamental rhythm utilizing a difference in the timbre between one face struck w/ the hound and the other struck w/ a stick.  Guira- regulates tempo w/ improvisatory rhythms that compliment the drum and melodic instruments.  Accordion- melody and harmony, performs call and response  Merengue - dance music w/ quick walking tempo.  Divided into 3 sections: o Paseo: slower and free rhythm o Meringue and jaleo: repeated indefinitely w/ the vocals organized in a call response format.  Saxophone often included to complete the ensemble  Merengue is music and dance form (Euro African dance)  Ballroom style Merengue is done w/ partners dancing in a circle (believed to derive from African circle dances) w/ a basic pose of one hand on shoulder and other on hip (associated w/ European salon dances)  Elements  Vibrant percussion and the call and response – African  Western melodic instruments and use of harmony – European  Harmony supports Melody, forms a cord, multiple notes at a time.  Melody is the “tone/ beat” of the song. Music as a World Phenomenon -5 Unit 4: Study Guide Questions o Bob Marley plays what type of music?  Reggae o Ethiopian flag is what colors  Gold, Green and Red o Lead voice of a Bahamian rhyming spiritual is known as what?  Rhymer o Terminology associated w/ Vodou rituals  Loa, Legba/ Ogoun o The individual patterens of African- based polurhythm are known as what?  Time- lines


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.