Midterm Study Guide
Midterm Study Guide PSC 1002
Popular in Intro to American Politics and Government
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Colin Stayna-Wynter on Sunday February 22, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSC 1002 at George Washington University taught by John Sides in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 522 views.
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Date Created: 02/22/15
Various Vocab Logroll If you scratch my back I39ll scratch yours Voting for something the other side wants in exchange for them voting for something you really want Transaction cost Time money Spending time making a decision comes at a cost Conformity cost problem with not improving The Constitution 0 Created institutions to address problems such as the free rider problem undersupply of public goods lack of national security 0 Economic issues of war debt lack of international trade 0 Shay39s rebellion showed the weakness of the federal government under the Articles of Confederation 0 Centralizing government reduces transaction costs 0 Conformity cost reduced via separation of powers Compromises 0 Congress can levy taxes 0 Executive popular election electoral college House votes if no clear winner 0 Slavery 35 compromise Put off until 1808 Federalism 0 Dual Federalism Federal and State governments have different spheres of in uence 0 CooperativeShared Federalism Joint policies not separate jurisdictions 0 Doctrine of Nullification State purposely disobeys National Law because they disagree McCulloch v Marvland 1819 Maryland taxes National Bank Supremacy Clause means Maryland can39t tax the National Bank Enumerated powers Authority directly spelled out in the constitution Congress can levy taxes Implied powers Implied authority to carry out enumerated powers Congress can tax therefore they can establish a bank Gibbons v Ogden 1824 State vs Federal permit to operate steamboats Supremacy Clause and Gibbons win Wickard v Filburn 1942 Filburn grew more wheat than the Department of Agriculture allowed but it was only for himself Filburn loses because Congress can regulate commerce no matter how small Size of National Government Stagnant yet powers increase 0 Use of financial incentives for states to change policies ex drinking age and highway funds 0 Block grant funding for a specific program 0 Categorial grant funding for a program but the State decides how to use the money 0 Unfunded mandate forced policy without federal funding or forced policy with the threat of taking away funding Federalism Allows 0 Diverse policies among the states 0 Federal government learning from State policies 0 States to resist authority of the national government 0 Diffusion of responsibility causes a coordination problem TvDes of Federalism Political Who is responsible Fiscal Who pays for it Administrative Who controls and manages the programs Federalist Papers 10 Size and diversity of republic will prevent a majority faction rule 51 Checks and balances and separation of powers needed in a government Brutus Underrepresentation elites taking power and 35 compromise are issues Federal government had supremacy yet were distant from the people and states Civil Rights Rights secured by the government 0 Granted by the 14th and 15th Amendments 0 Ins Institutions Federalism separation of powers ex supreme court rulings 0 InctIncentives Securing the vote of African Americans 0 CaCollective Action Civil Rights Movement PreCivil War 18081860 0 Ins 1808 Slave trade ended 0 Missouri Compromise 1820 Free North and Slave South 0 Compromise of 1850 Cali is a free state Strengthens fugitive slave act 0 Dred Scott 1857 Scott declared a slave in all of USA Undermines Missouri compromise 0 Inct Lincoln runs on slavery as free labor which hurts Northern economy 0 Ca South secession allows 1315th amendments to pass with little opposition Reconstruction 1865 Jim Crow 0 Ins Congress forces South to ratify 1315th amendments 0 Plessy v Ferguson 1896 Separate but equal 0 Inct North wants army back home and South supports end to occupation if Hayes is President 0 Ca Southern Democrats control the house and army leaves South in 1874 Second Reconstruction 19331970 0 Ins Federal government uses Supremacy Clause 0 Inct Black migration to North increases voting power 0 Ca Civil Rights Movement uses existing institutions such as Supreme Court 0 Brown v Board of Education 1954 desegregation of schools Equal protection under the law 0 Civil Rights Act and Voting Rights Act Civil Liberties Logic of the Supreme court laws involving fundamental rights are subject to strict scrutiny 0 Does law serve a compelling government interest 0 Is law narrowly tailored to achieve that interest 0 Is the law the least restrictive means for achieving this Texas V Johnson 1989 Johnson has the right to burn the ag Considered free speech Implied rights in the Constitution Penumbra implied rights which depend on other spelled out rights Griswold V Connecticut 1965 Implied right to privacy Griswold can had out contraception Roe v Wade 1973 Antiabortion law restricts women39s rights and liberties Factors in Evolution of Civil Liberties 0 Independent yet powerful Supreme Court 0 Strict scrutiny and State39s interest 0 Implied rights within the Constitution 0 Bill of Rights outlines freedom from government interference 0 14th Amendment Can not make a law abridging the privileges of a citizen or deprive them of life liberty or property Congress Electoral Connection reelection in the primacy priority 0 Advertising establishing a good reputation 0 Credit Claiming taking responsibility for successful policies 0 Case work Working with individuals to solve local problems 0 Position taking public statement of support or against All Work to foster an incumbency advantage Committees Standing Permanent committees have fixed jurisdictions and stable members Also look at the readings from discussions and more notes on Congress on Tuesday
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