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Utah State University - Math - Flashcards

Description

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digit

Any of the symbols 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9

difference

The amount that remains after one quantity is subtracted from another

Distributive Property

When one of the factors of a product is a sum, multiplying each addend before adding does not change the product

divide

To separate into equal groups and find the number in each group or the number of groups

dividend

A number that is divided by another number

divisor

The number by which another number is divided

endpoint

A point at either end of a line segment, or a point at one end of a ray

equal

Having the same value

equation

A mathematical sentence with an equals sign. The amount on one side of the equals sign has the same value as the amount on the other side

equivalent fractions

Fractions that have the same value

estimate

To find a number close to an exact amount, an estimate tells about how much or about how many

evaluate

To find the value of a mathematical expression

expanded form

A way to write numbers that shows the place value of each digit

expression

A mathematical phrase without an equal sign

fact family

A group of related facts that use the same numbers. Also called related facts

factor

The whole numbers that are multiplied to get a product

factor pairs

A set of two whole numbers when multiplied, will result in a given product

foot (ft)

A customary unit of length. 1 foot = 12 inches

formula

A rule that is written as an equation

fraction

A way to describe a part of a whole or a part of a group by using equal parts

function table

A table that lists pairs of numbers that follow a rule

gallon (gal)

A customary unit of capacity. 1 gallon = 4 quarts

gram (g)

The standard unit of mass in the metric system. 1,000 grams = 1 kilogram

greater than

Greater than is used to compare two numbers when the first number is larger than the second number

hour (hr)

A unit of time. 1 hour = 60 minutes. 24 hours = 1 day

hundredth

One of the equal parts when a whole is divided into 100 equal parts

hundredths

In the decimal numeration system, hundredths is the name of the next place to the right of tenths

Identity Property of Addition

If you add zero to a number, the sum is the same as that number

Identity Property of Multiplication

If you multiply a number by one, the product is the same as that number

improper fraction

A term for a fraction whose numerator is greater than or equal to its denominator

inch (in)

A customary unit of length. 12 inches = 1 foot

intersecting lines

Lines that cross at a point

inverse operations

Operations that undo each other

kilogram (kg)

A metric unit of mass equal to 1000 grams

kilometer (km)

A metric unit of length equal to 1000 meters

length

How long something is. The distance from one point to another. Length is measured in units such as inches, feet, centimeters, etc

less than

Less than is used to compare two numbers when the first number is smaller than the second number