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OSU - SOCIOL 3315 - Study Guide - Final

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OSU - SOCIOL 3315 - Study Guide - Final

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background image Sociology 3315 – Final Review Guide 1.) Major difference between Social Movement (SM) and Social Movement Organizations (SMO’s): SM ­ Typically under the radar and don’t openly publicize as we would expect. Like an iceberg. SMO’s ­ Are the public face and voice of SM’s. Typically the SM’s will remain after the SMO’s end, but every once and awhile the SMO’s last longer (March of Dimes). ­ SMO’s cannot be created in autocracies. The people have no say and are not allowed to form organized groups. ** Terrorists are SMO’s. ** Terrorism is something you resort to when you’re small and relatively powerless. *There is not a lot of difference between Terrorism and SM’s. Though it is not their goals to focus on. It is their tactics! ­ Early social movements gained supporters due to grievances. They society requires a 
grievance to be motivated to join a certain SM
**Most important things: Do they have an area to mobilize on? How bad was the triggering Events (4)? And how far will the social control go (6)? The grievance theory has been placed aside and replaced with three other theories (slide 1) ­ Mass society theory doesn’t accurately fit the SMO’s, but can really apply to terrorism. ­ Theory has been mostly rejected, but should be re­evaluated in this light. ** Why grievances aren’t enough ­ Movement of Crisis: Not typically socially wide as a whole. These aren’t life­threatening movements, these are issues people feel passionate about. These  movements typically define a person’s identity.  2.) Framing ­ If you have an opinion about anything in the free world, it is more than likely a frame. ­ Frames are the currency of SMO’s. If you change the mind, you can change the world. Which is from the Idealist school. Bridging ­ Allows a common cause with a common enemy. Though they probably will never be
background image Able to coexist 100% peacefully. They come together on one issue to fight the common enemy. Extension ­ Extends the SMO’s original goal to another. Sometimes this is required to keep the  SMO alive.  Amplification ­ Used to reinforce the meaning of the SMO’s. Ex: The 911 hijackers went to strip bars and / or watched porn before the actual crime. Could (1) reinforce their detest for the “seediness” of the west or (2) could reinforce their desire of the reward in the afterlife (sex). Transformation ­ Like an organism, they rarely die, Typically change to keep the SMO group alive.   Ex: The March of Dimes was originally created for the cure for Polio. We’ve cured it 
since then, so they MoD has jumped to the next big thing to be conquered.
3.) Muslim brotherhood ­ probably singlehandedly the most successful group. MBH in every location gave birth to Hamas, ect. ­ Palestinians have become somewhat modernized; Israelis wanted to counter this in the  early 90’s. ­ Killings at the Mosque Massacre (1994) is used as justification as what is to come. ­ Implied suicide bombings came after the massacre, but that is not true.  ­ The “Middle East Peace Process” does not exist. ** Sharon ­ Military / Spec Ops back ground and wants to stir the pot. ­ Temple Mound: on top of the Dome of the Rock ­ extremely prevelent mosque. The Dome needs to be destroyed so the Temple Mount can be rebuilt according to the prophet. ­ Between 2000­2005 is when the wall was beginning to be thought of. ­ The aid was cut off to Hamas because it had been blacklisted as Terrorists. ­ Bombed indiscriminately because they don’t truly care who they kill. They get the rockets from the black market which decreases the accuracy, though they do not really care. ** The lack of numerous casualties was not from the lack of trying. They shot thousands Of rockets, but the quality of the weapons decreased the casualty rate. 
background image 4.) Hezbollah: Shia has been the majority Muslim population from Lebanon and on. Why do we believe Hezbollah = Jihad? ­ Very organized and funded. ­ This was not some radical working from his basement. ­ Doesn’t have the signature of Hamas. ­ Both groups will interact in transnational terrorism. ** Modern Islam ­ Census is very old!! ­ Shia still dominating, unknown of how much. ­ Christianity has shrank dramatically. ­ Maronites, coastal population and heavy in trade. ­ Druze considered infidels by other Muslims. ­ Gran has heavy Hezbollah domination. ** The Middle East Peace Process is really a graveyard for US presidents. ** Will never work, MEPP, after 9/11. ** Segregation will keep a sliver of peace. Which is why the UN owns these specific lands. ­ One of the few places where the UN peacekeeping seems to work. Due to strong backing of the US and Afghanistan government. 5.) Islam last of 1 of 3 great theisms (monotheism).  Muhammad had the “audacity” to question if these idols within the great Mosque even  existed. People payed to pray to these idols and the “owning” family was not pleased. ­ Muslim armies take these areas in Muhammad's name. Prime example of zealotism. Initial conquest of Islam incorporates 70% of its reigning land. Important to notate that Spain was involved.

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School: Ohio State University
Department: Sociology
Course: Sociology of Terrorism
Professor: Edward Crenshaw
Term: Winter 2016
Tags: sociology, terrorism, Criminal Justice, and CIA
Name: Sociology 3315: Final Study Guide
Description: These are the highlighted notes that Dr. Crenshaw either put emphasis on or stated out-right that they would be on the exam. This is made to go alongside the slide review on Carmen.
Uploaded: 04/22/2016
8 Pages 52 Views 41 Unlocks
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