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TD study guide 1

by: Bhavish Notetaker

TD study guide 1 TD 301

Bhavish Notetaker
Introduction to Theatre

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Introduction to Theatre
Study Guide
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Bhavish Notetaker on Monday February 23, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to TD 301 at University of Texas at Austin taught by Dembin in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 137 views.


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Date Created: 02/23/15
Two traits that separate theatre from other forms of art its live its collaborative Drama quotthe written text of a play as it is constructed by the playwrightquot Arnold 494 Production quotthe planing rehearsal and presentation of a work such a work is presented to an audience at particular time and place by live performers who use either themselves of inanimate figures such as puppets as a media of presentationquot britannica typically a series of performances Performance a singular event one occurrence of theatrical production ephemeral and nonrepeatable even though many performances might be quite similar Unlike most other art forms there have been erase in certain regions in which theatre was completely banned fictional equated with lying believed to spread immorality associated with children Theatre39s Key Elements what is performed play scenario plan the performance including all of the processes involved in the creation and presentation of a production the audiencethe perceivers A performs B to C Upstage away from the audience Downstagetowards the audience This is because the stages used to be sloped Raked Stage Upstaging takes attention away from the main performer in a scene Stage LeftRight According to the performers point of view House LeftRight According to the audience39s point of view Performance Studies Interdisciplinarypost disciplinary field comprised of methods and scholars from anthropology theatre studies poststructural theory aesthetic studies oral interpretation often credited to collaboration of Richard Schechner and Victor Turner quotPerformance one one level constitutes the objectprocess of analysis in performance studies that is the many practices and eventsdance theatre ritual political rallies funerals that involve theatrical rehearsed r conventionaleventappropriate behaviors What one society considers a performance might be a nonevent elsewherequot Diana Taylor The Archive and the Repertoirequot Theatre is typically considered a subset of performance Performance is embodied actions offers a way of knowing example dancing singing sports ritual Richard Schechner Performance is quotTwicebehaved behaviorquot Between theatre and anthropology 36 The larger object of study an umbrella term for embodied events dance music protest parades theatre rituals oratory etc Ex quotI study the performance of sports rituals on college campusesquot Ritual is quot a ceremonial observatoin that is repeated in a specified way in order to wonder certain benefits on the participantsquot Arnold 5 Highly symbolic sceular and sacred created and reinforces community and belonging context is always important quotGeography the physical environment material culture family structure social organization history religion and philosophy are some of the basic forces that shape artistic expressionquot Arnold 10 Greek Theatre One early example of importance of context 5th century BCE Theatre created in honor of Dionysus got of nature wine and fertility Festival was in spring to commemorate renewal and regrowth Tragedy Based on well known mythic stories involved a turn of fortune as a result of tragic mistake not quotflawquot concerned issues of social and religious order Part of the soul of the community linked religion and socialization frequent themes of greek tragedies family relationships social organization relationships between individuals and society quotold comedy lampooned gods and aristocracy quotnew comedyquotstarting c 320 BCE made fun of everyday people Drama quotThe written text of a play as it is constructed by the playwrightsquot Arnold 494 quotA composition in prose or verse adapted to be acted upon a stage in w which a story is related by means of dialogue and action and is represented with accompanying gesture and action costume scenery as in real life a playquotoxford dictionary conceptual term literary genre Script quotThe dialogue stage directions and character descriptions that together constitute the printed text of plat quotArnold 497 refers to the physical object Playwright Wright literally quotmakerquot or quotworkerquot a craftsperson andor builder usually creates wooden materials Etymologically a playwright is literally one who craftsbuilds words sentences and themes to create a play a playmaker How do you start its different for everyone Aristotle39s Poetics Greek philosopher 384322 BCE Treatise on greek tragedy Still a dominant influence on western theatre and playwriting a quotrulebookquot of sorts Aristotle Six elements of drama Plot Character Theme or Thought Language Music Spectacle Reading amp Viewing Plays Some Plays written only to be stages Ex Shakespeare Some plays written to be read and staged Stage directions and character descriptions written in poetic prose that only the reader will appreciate Job of production crew to translate poetic prose into spectacle Ex George Bernard Shaw and Tennessee Williams Structure A play is a blueprint of an event a way of creating and reqritgin history through the medium of literaturequot SuzanLori Parks quotPossessionquot 4 What does a blueprint do provides dimensions lays down perimeters frames spaces provides instructions by does not complete the actual building imagines a building in a real space is more than just a quotsketchquot incorrect measures have dire consequences Structure Conflict In most cases you first need a central conflict 2 or more opposing forces Examples Character vs Character Character vs Society Character vs Self Structure Plot Plot quotThe sequence of actions that determines what happens in a play the events that make up the play39s quotstoryquot A play is comprised of units of action often referred to as quotbeatsquot A single scene may have several units of actions Most Common Plot structure Exposition gt Rising Action gt Climax gt Falling Action gt Resolution Plots Might Look Cyclical A series of loosely connected vignettes Symmetrical What does the director do quotcreates a theatrical language a language of space and movement and sound that coherently communicates the ideas of the production to the audiencequot Arnold 135 The 39author39 of the stage action Why a director position developed with the advent of quotrealismquot in that 19th century Before the director Sidesincomplete scripts Actor provided costumes actors work individually not as an ensemble presentational performances Development of the Modern Director The director filled needs created by 1 an interest in a more detailed representation of place and character history the movement called realism which attempted to put a sense of daily life on the stage 2 the profusion of theatre styles that arose in response to realismquot Arnold 136 The Director quotthe theater practitioner who has primary responsibility for the interpretation of a play the director creates the stage action and unifies all the elements of the productionquot Arnold 492 Exact role and methods used depends on the director A Spectrum of Creative Control The collaboratorlt gt the auteur the Collaborator often guiding the creation of the quotdevised work quotdevised workquot creation of original material by an ensemble usually comprised of performers The auteur mad genius controls everything might micro manages Approaching a New Production 1 A world premiere director usually works with the playwright script still in development occasionally the playwright will double as director 2 using a previouslyy performed and or published text the majority of production 3 a devised work may create a script that can be used in future productions the Laramie project may not be reproducible Metaphor and the designers quotan analogy or comparison a symbolic way of expressing the action of the playquot a very specific image quotA way of expressing the most compelling ideas of the play in a concentrated form that will become a guide for the work of all the theatre artists involve in the producingquot Arnold A Director asks What story do you want to tell What is the central conflict what is represent day significance of the play why do you want to direct it what did the action for he play mean in its time what type of play is it how would you escape its genre when and where should it be set why in what type of world should the action take place what are some of the potential design metaphors form the text and from the your own imagination What the director communicates to his her team vision how do you see this play happening onstage literally Concept what do you want people to thing when they see this play why this why now


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