Exam 1 Study Guide
Exam 1 Study Guide INR2001
Popular in Introduction to International Relations
Popular in INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Giovanna Gonzalez on Tuesday February 24, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to INR2001 at Florida International University taught by Naisy Sarduy in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 315 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Relations in INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS at Florida International University.
Reviews for Exam 1 Study Guide
So much better than office hours. Needed something I could understand, and I got it. Will be turning back to StudySoup in the future
-Leanne Gorczany DDS
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/24/15
INR 2001 Test 1 Review Globalization What are the four main elements of globalization Economic multinational corporations trade as main drive all about SCALE 0 SocialCultural awareness of other cultures can also be source of con ict 0 Political growing recognition of problems which need solving ie terrorism and human rights 0 World Politics dissolves the power of sovereign states How does globalization in uence how countries interact What are the BRle 0 Brazil Russia India and China 0 Countries that are all at a similar stage of newly advanced economic development History When was the Westphalian System established What was its meaning OWestphalian The piece of Westphalia that was signed in 1648 Brought an end to the 30 years war What are the key elements of a state and sovereignty o Sovereignty Power or authority 0 State An entity that is recognized when a government is in control of a population residing within a de ned territory What is a hegemony o A system regulated by a dominant leader or political domination of a region usually by a superpower It is also power and control exercised by a leading state over other states How did the academic discipline of international politics begin Why would some use the term quotworld politics Cold War De ne the Cold War con ict 0 Geopolitical ideological and economic struggle between USA and USSR 0 Started in 1947 at the end ofthe Second World War and lasted until the dissolution ofthe Soviet Union on December 26 1991 What is bipolarity Two main political powers represent the world 0 The United States and Soviet Union What is containment 0 United States foreign policy introduced at the start of the Cold War aimed at stopping the spread of Communism and keeping it 39contained39 and isolated within its current borders otherwise the 39domino effect39 would occur where if one nation became Communist the surrounding ones would follow 0 Truman Doctrine What role did nuclear weapons and agreements play in the Cold War 39 Both countries stockpiled nuclear weapons in case either one attacked the other therefore leading to a stalemate Mutually Assured Destruction 39 Agreements What is the Nuclear NonProliferation Treaty 39 an international treaty whose objective is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament 1970 What was the Truman Doctrine 39 A policy made by President Truman in 1946 to support any nation with both military and economic aid if its stability was threatened by communism or the Soviet Union How does the Cold War relate to the Vietnam and Korea Wars 39 These were proxy wars fought by either side supporting capitalism US and communism Soviet Union What happened between NixonKissinger and China 39 Nixon met with China the rst time a president had met with the PRC 39 three objectives to embrace the People39s Republic of China for a peaceful settlement on Taiwan peaceful settlement of the Vietnam War and to deter the Soviet Union39s sphere of Communist in uence after the SinoSoviet split 0 However most of this ultimately failed What happened between Reagan and Gorbachev What were Gorbachev s reforms known as 39 Perestroika restructuringpolitical social economic and Glasnost openness 39 New thinking in foreign policy Theory What is anarchy o the absence of a uni ed and agreed upon universal political authority No authority above you Interest is survival What is statism o In realist theory the ideology that supports the organization of humankind into particular communities the values and beliefs of that community are protected and sustained by the state What is hegemony o A system regulated by a dominant leader or political domination of a region usually by a superpower n realist theory the in uence a great power is able to establish on other states in the system extent of in uence ranges from leadership to dominance It is also power and control exercised by a leading state over other states What is unipolarity o A distribution of power internationally in which there is clearly only one dominant power or pole Some analysts argue that the international system became unipolar in the 19905 since there was no longer any rival to the American power What is multipolarity o A distribution of power among a number at least three of major powers of poles What is an quotAnarchical Society and who wrote it Hedley Bull Realism Classical Reaism What did Thucydides write about 39 He was the historian ofthe Peloponnesian War a con ict between Athens and Sparta 0 He explained the con ict as quotthe growth of Athenian power and the fear which this caused in Sparta 39 Wrote the Melian dialogue What did Machiavelli believe 39 Individual morality at state morality 39 Selfpreservation is the highest moral spy lie What did Morgenthau believe 39 Hobbesian human nature 39 Due to the nature of man INR is driven by war 39 States are power seekers NeoRealism What are the core principles 39 Structural realists believe that the structure ofthe international system is the primary determining factor of state behavior 0 States exist within a system with their own regularities and rules sovereign states Interact with each other in a form of anarchy What is the role of power and security 39 States pursue power in order to expand their capabilities primarily focusing on military 0 As they pursue power they create a security dilemma a competitive system What is zerosum 39 A situation in which each participant39s gain or loss of utility is exactly balanced by the losses or gains of the utility of the other participants Why does structure matter to NeoRealists 39 Structure tells the distribution of power multipolar bipolar unipolar What did Waltz say about the international system 39 The fundamental quotordering principlequot ofthe international political system is anarchy which is de ned by the presence of quotfunctionally undifferentiatedquot individual state actors lacking quotrelations of super and subordinationquot that are distinguished only by their varying capabilities What does Mearsheimer believe 39 Offensive neorealism the anarchic nature of the international system responsible for aggressive state behavior in international politics What is the role of the state and of morals 39 State s most essential goal survival and must depend on selfhelp in order to do so 0 Therefore states have a different morality than individuals they are looking to secure the survival of the state and its communities What is the security dilemma 39 All states will be attempting to expand their powers through military therefore creating a competitive system called the security dilemma Liberalism When did liberalism within IR start and why 20th century What are the core principles o A theory of both government within states and good governance between states and peoples worldwide Liberalism seeks to project values of order liberty justice and toleration into international relations o Domestic and international institutions are required to protect and nurture these values What did Kant believe 0 Reacted to the barbarity of international relations quotlawless state of savagery What is cooperation Interdependence o Cooperation Required in any situation where parties must act together in order to achieve a mutually acceptable outcome o Interdependence A condition where states are affected by decisions taken by others Interdependence can be symmetric What do NeoLiberal Institutionalists such as Keohane believe What is Democratic Peace o A central plank of liberal internationalist thought the democratic peace thesis makes two claims liberal polities exhibit restraint in their relations with other liberal polities and are imprudent in relations with authoritarian states Why are institutions important What is responsibility to protect o A state has the responsibility to protect its population from crime genocide war etc 0 Proposed norm that sovereignty isn39t an absolute right What is the role of the state and of morals What are the differences between NeoRealism and NeoLiberal Institutionalism state interest survival security material pursuit fear Ideas and norms do not trump state interests norms and institutions might be constructed to regulate behavior in order for states to enhance their long term interests Concrete material interest drives cooperation extensive economic interaction Maior Books know main pointsl Francis Fukuyama s quotThe End of History Argues that the advent of Western liberal democracy may signal the endpoint of humanity39s sociocultural evolution and the nal form of human government Contradicts that of Karl Marx who imagined that antagonistic history would end with communism displacing capitalism The progress of history must lead toward the establishment of a quotuniversal and homogenousquot state most likely incorporating elements of liberal or social democracy Samuel Huntington s quotThe Clash of Civilizations 39 While the age of ideology had ended the world had only reverted to a normal state of affairs characterized by cultural con ict 39 The primary axis of con ict in the future will be along cultural and religious lines Marxism What are the core principles of Marxism 0 Mode of production and relations of production 0 Factory owners bourgeoisie Workers proletariat What is dependency theory o An International division of labor between all these countries The CC dominate in terms of industry and technology They have all the research and technology Periphery resource extraction cheap labor etc What is the Frankfurt school 0 A school of neomarxist What is liberation theory Who are Marxists critical of What is Wallerstein s WorldSystems Theory o The three zones of the world economy are linked together in an exploitative relationship in which wealth is drained away from the periphery to the core 0 Core Semi Periphery and Periphery What did Robert Cox believe o Theory is always for some one and for some purposequot 0 Critical theory is criticizing its criticizing other theories 0 Knowledge is not objective amp timeless It re ects interests What did Antonio Gramsci believe 0 Power is a centaur Coercionbeast and Consent man What is meant by critical theory or perspective 0 Critical Theory is about Emancipation 0 its criticizing other theories Constructivism What are the core principles 39 Ideas preferences and ideology may de ne a state s behavior as well as their identity 39 The world is designed by materials and ideational forces Who is Onuf How does the title of his famous book help explain Constructivism 39 Constructivism was coined by Nicholas Onuf from his book A World of Our Making 39 World of Our Making we constructed the world we live in Who is Wendt and what does he believe 39 Alexander Wendt a political scientist who is one of the core social constructivist scholars calls two accepted basic tenets of Constructivism quotthat the structures of human association are determined primarily by shared ideas rather than material forces and that the identities and interests of purposive actors are constructed by these shared ideas rather than given by naturequot PostStructuralism De ne o a variation of structuralism often seen as a critique emphasizing plurality of meaning and instability of concepts that structuralism uses to de ne society language etc How does this relate to NeoRealism and NeoLiberalism PostColonialism De ne 39 focuses on the persistence of colonial forms of power and the continuing existence of racism in world politics challenges the eurocentrism of INR particularly its parochial assumption that Western Enlightenment thinking is superior progressive and universally applicable 0 Post colonialists argue that this is enabled through constructing the Other as irrational and backwards What is Orientalism 39 Western interpretations of the institutions cultures arts and social life of countries of the East and Middle East International Ethics What is cosmopolitanism and especially Kant s belief o Denoting identi cation with a community culture or idea that transcends borders or particular societies and implies freedom from local or national conventionslimitations What is involved in the Just War Tradition 0 Its a set of guidelines for determining and judging whether and when a state may have recourse to war and how it may ght that war 0 Jus ad bellum occasion of going to war 0 Jus in bello the means the weapons and tactics 0 Just post bellum the conditions after the war
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'