University of Washington Dr. Jacqueline Pickrell
Psychology lOlF Winter 2016 EXAM 2 VERSION B
DIRECTIONS: Please write your name on this testform andfeelfree to keep it. Also, bubble in version B This exam contains multiple choice questions where you should select the BESTsingle answer to each question andfill in the circle on the Scantronform. No matter what you put on this exam form, it is the answer bubbled in on the Scantron that will count.
Don't forget about the age old question of What is primary production and why is it important?
1 In Thorndike’s research involving cats in puzzle boxes, when did the puzzle box open, allowing the cat
freedom and food?
A) after a fixed period oftime that the cat had been inside the box
B) after escape attempts had been extinguished
C) when the cat engaged in a behavior that moved a concealed lever We also discuss several other topics like Why do buyers go to markets?
D) 500 milliseconds after a buzzer sounded
2. If children observe their older brothers fighting in the neighborhood, Bandura would suggest that the
younger siblings would:
A) Likely behave aggressively, too
B) Learn that aggressive behavior is not always effective
C) Imitate the victims oftheir brothers aggressive behavior
D) Decrease their aggressive behavior when their brothers were nearby
3. A pigeon is reinforced for pecking a key whenever a particular tone is sounded but never reinforced ifthe tone is absent. Pigeons discriminating these conditions will: Don't forget about the age old question of Describe how the balance of power shifted between western europe, eastern europe, and the middle east throughout the medieval period.
A) not learn anything under these conditions. We also discuss several other topics like What is pacs (political action committees)?
B) quickly learn to engage in vigorous key pressing only when the tone turns off.
C) quickly learn to engage in vigorous key pressing whenever the tone sounds and will continue to press the key even when it turns off. We also discuss several other topics like What is an old palace abandoned after myecanean age?
D) quickly learn to engage in vigorous key pressing whenever the tone sounds but cease when it turns off.
4. A toddler has learned that the jack-in-the-box won’t operate unless she turns the hand crank around exactly 10 times. The toddler’s behavior is being reinforced under which schedule ofreinforcement? Don't forget about the age old question of What is the goal is to minimize total fraud costs?
A) fixed ratio
B) fixed interval
C) variable interval
D) variable ratio
5. According to a classical conditioning account of drug overdose, because Tyler always used in the same location with the same person, the presence ofthose cues resulted in a(n):
A) increased tolerance to heroin.
B) increase in the reinforcing properties of heroin.
C) increased sensitivity to the depressant effects of heroin.
D) decreased expectancy of heroin.
6. Billy Bob’s Burger Barn is your favorite restaurant, and lately you’ve noticed that every time you think about stopping there for a burger after classes, your mouth starts to salivate. In this incidence of classical conditioning, thinking about Billy Bob’s burgers is the; your salivation is
7. When your cat hears the sound ofthe can opener, she comes running because ofthe association she has between that sound and food. Your new blender makes a noise somewhat similar to the can opener, but your smart cat doesn’t even get up from the sofa when she hears it. She is exhibiting; A) habituation
8. When your three year-old sister threw a tantrum over the candy she wanted, your mother gave it to her so that she would calm down. From your mother’s perspective the candy served as a(n); A) negative reinforcer
B) positive reinforcer
D) unlikely punisher
9. The radio DJ says “Sometime this hour. I’ll be giving away a pair oftickets to the Adele concert to one lucky caller.” This is an example of which type ofreinforcement schedule?
A) fixed interval
B) variable interval
C) fixed ratio
D) variable ratio
10. During surgery, Heinrich Kliiver and Paul Bucy accidentally damaged the amygdala of a monkey named Aurora, inadvertently causing the monkey to:
A) become sexually unreceptive.
B) stop eating.
C) not exhibit fear.
D) exhibit heightened anxiety.
11. You come home to find an intruder in your apartment. According to the James-Lange theory of emotion, which response comes first?
A) You experience fear.
B) You cognitively compare your visual perception with existing schemas until you identify that the person you see is a threat.
C) Your body reacts (increased heart rate, muscles contract, etc.).
D) You experience amnesia.
12. Stacy gets stressed easily, and when she does, she eats an entire carton of ice cream, a bag of potato chips, and drinks a two-liter bottle ofsoda. She then forces herselfto vomit so that she doesn’t absorb all of those calories. Stacy is most likely suffering from:
A) bulimia nervosa.
B) anorexia nervosa.
D) ghrelin deficiency syndrome.
13. Studying hard for an exam to get good grades and keep a scholarship is:
A) an extrinsic motivation.
B) an intrinsic motivation.
D) emotion regulation.
14. According to, the act ofsmiling will probably make you feel happier.
A) terror management theory
B) the facial feedback hypothesis
C) the universality hypothesis
D) extrinsic motivation.
15. Certain drugs suppress the activity ofthe sympathetic nervous system, the branch ofthe autonomic nervous system associated with increases in heart rate, respiration, and adrenaline release. If a drug could block this system altogether, Walter Cannon would predict that:
A) emotions could not be experienced.
B) negative valence emotions could not be experienced.
C) high arousal emotions could not be experienced.
D) the physiological changes accompanying the experienced emotion might be missing.
16. While on an expedition to discover the lost city of Atlantis in the Amazon basin, your party is captured by a group of people who have never contacted the outside world, cannot read or write, converse in a language that you do not recognize, and are pointing sharp spears at you. What is the BEST way of communicating that you are not a threat?
A) Try to converse in sign language.
B) Hold your hands up over your head.
C) Smile at them.
D) Draw a “peace” sign in the dirt.
17. A system that engages in homeostasis, when confronted with an increase in a particular state, will: A) initiate processes to further enhance that state.
B) initiate processes to decrease that state.
C) shut down.
D) attempt to identify the causes ofthe enhanced state.
18. Some school districts across the United States are considering paying children to attend school. This strategy is likely tobecause.
A) succeed; it makes an intrinsic activity into an extrinsic activity
B) succeed; it makes an extrinsic activity into an intrinsic activity
C) fail; it makes an extrinsic activity into an intrinsic activity
D) fail; it makes an intrinsic activity into an extrinsic activity
19. With regard to fetal and infant development, the cephalocaudal principle asserts that the: A) head and upper body tend to develop first.
B) lower body tends to develop first.
C) innermost parts ofthe body tend to develop first.
D) outermost parts ofthe body tend to develop first.
20. During thestage of cognitive development, children are able to easily solve the conservation problems that confused them earlier in life.
C) concrete operational
21. Consistent with the concept of____________ who grew up with older brothers or sisters performed children with no siblings or younger siblings. A) a zone of proximal development; better B) egocentrism; worse
C) animism; better
D) irreversibility; worse
, a study found that children over age 3 _ on a cognitive task than did
22. Mia continued to drink heavily with her friends throughout her pregnancy. Her son, now four, has physical abnormalities, including an underdeveloped jaw and thin upper lip, and cognitive and behavioral problems. He most likely has_.
A) Down syndrome
B) fetal alcohol syndrome
D) spina bifida
23. Ethan isjust two weeks old. His mother strokes his cheek and he turns toward the touch and opens his mouth. This is called the.
A) palmar reflex
B) sucking reflex
C) stepping reflex
D) rooting reflex
24. Zygote is the term used to describe a____.
A) developing organism between eight and approximately forty weeks following conception in humans B) developing organism in the first two weeks following conception in humans C) developing organism during the period of greatest growth and maturation in humans D) developing organism between three and eight weeks following conception in humans
25. Little Joey is visiting the zoo for the first time and sees a zebra. He says, “Look, Mommy, a horse.” This is an example of.
26. Ava, age five, and her mother are playing with clay. They make two round balls ofthe same size. Ava flattens one into a pancake shape and says “Look, Mommy, now this one has more clay.” In this context, Ava does not yet understand.
D) object permanence
27. Rosa is 15 months of age. A new babysitter came to the house so Rosa’s mother could focus on her writing in her office upstairs. Rosa was fine while her mother was still in the room with them but cried and cried when she left. Her mother returned an hour later and Rosa ran over to her right away. What pattern of attachment is this?
28. Mario is a high school sophomore. His parents are strict but loving. They provide clear standards that are reasonable for his age and enforce them fairly. Their parenting style is. A) authoritarian
29. Suppose that sports fans in the United States were given a list ofthe names of all the medal winners in the last Olympics. After a few minutes ofstudy, the fans were asked to estimate what percentage ofmedals the United States won. The fans probably willthis number, due to the
A) overestimate; hindsight bias
B) overestimate; availability bias
C) underestimate; hindsight bias
D) overestimate; conjunctive fallacy
30. Hammers are used for pounding things, which is why many people don't realize that hammers make perfectly good doorstops. This lack of creative insight is an example of:
B) the availability bias.
C) semantic interference.
D) functional fixedness.
For Questions 31-34 Famous within psychology, Patient HM had parts of his temporal lobes—including his hippocampus—removed to stop incurable and life-threatening epileptic seizures. The surgery was successful; however. Patient HM was left with a severe case of amnesia. Subsequent tests found that his short-term and implicit memory systems were not affected by the surgery.
31. As a result ofthe surgery, HM could NOT:
A) remember a relative’s phone number called frequently in the decade preceding the surgery. B) successfully hold a phone number in memory for 15 seconds by mentally rehearsing it. C) remember a phone number called repeatedly an hour ago.
D) remember how to'use a telephone.
32. The hippocampus is crucial for:
A) manipulating information in working memory.
B) transferring information from the short- to the long-term memory store.
C) remembering events that occurred many years ago.
D) remembering events that occurred in the last 20 seconds.
33. Which ofthese memory processes were severely impaired by the surgery?
A) episodic memories from after the surgery.
B) episodic memories from years before the surgery.
C) procedural memories from both before and after the surgery.
D) procedural memories from only after the surgery.
34. Suppose that researchers attempted to teach a patient with the same condition as HM how to ride a unicycle Researchers probably would find that the patient would:
A) not learn how to ride unless she previously had been taught this skill during childhood. B) learn how to ride but at a much slower rate than those without the condition.
C) show learning within a single training session but not across sessions; that is, every session would be like starting over.
D) learn how to ride over time but not remember any of her previous training.
35. In light ofresearch findings on, it probably is best to study for your psychology exam at a desk in a quiet room.
A) the encoding specificity principle
C) long-term storage
36. It is usually thought that _schemas influence the encoding process by
A) reducing retroactive interference
B) creating an organized pattern of behaviors, motives and expectations
C) grouping individual units ofinformation into a larger single unit
D) increasing the effectiveness ofmaintenance rehearsal
37. Last quarter, John took the General Psychology course offered at Edmonds Community College and this quarter he is taking the Social Psychology course here at the UW. Unfortunately, John is having 1 iculty remembering some ofthe Social Psychology terms because he is remembering definitions A) ”"encoSrg"failurJ '' learning the Social Psych terms is most likely due to:
B) motivated forgetting zp A J
C) retroactive interference P • 0
D) proactive interference
.0 likely A) relates it to a popular movie she has seen with the title ofFargo.
B) stares at the location ofthe city on a map for one minute.
C) highlights the information in a textbook.
D) repeats the city name to herselften times.
d! acquaintance at a party gives you a telephone number so you can call for a date. About how long do you have to write down the number before your short-term memory store is depleted-? ^ A) 1-5 seconds ^ B) 15-20 seconds
C) 30-45 seconds
D) 1 minute
40. Studies using IMRI have revealed that the second time an object is viewed there is visual cortex, suggesting that priming makes perception ofthe object A) more; easier ------- ' B) more; more difficult
C) less; easier
D) less; more difficult
activity in the