The Roman Republic
The Roman Republic ARH 131
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This 14 page Study Guide was uploaded by Samantha Petrin on Friday February 27, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ARH 131 at University of Miami taught by Malinda Cleary in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 58 views. For similar materials see ARH 131 - Survey of Western Art in Art History at University of Miami.
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Date Created: 02/27/15
1 Republican 800509 BCE Republic disciplined tenacious practical obedient to authority arches 45 BC assassination of Julius Caesar Roman art ourished under Augustus Combination of reality and myth Built public buildings Aule Metele The Orator transition between Etruscan and Roman Eh II 50927 BCE Veristic Portrature true portraiture landscape painting for pleasure decoration Insula Ostia port of Rome faded out of history apartment houses upper oors are poorer Roman Forum Pompeii Vesuvius froze in time august 24th laid buried underground until the 1700s begins Neo Classical age Roman agora central meeting place Roman Villa fountain extended family housed there garden behind building open air courtyards Paintings marbleized paintings fauX marble mosaic floors and walls First style base display paintings above simple blocks of color Second style landscaping paintings realistic dramatic paintings frescoes on walls Third style complicated and detailed landscapes frames Temple of PortunusTemple of Fortuna Virillis not Greek due to solid engaged walls could not go around entire temple only the front on a podium one cult stature ionic order Maison Carree located in France Corinthian order Temple in the round often used for females Appian Way 350 miles Rorne road building was most extensive and intricate straight roads re Roman templates and organized planning of roads and cities Agueducts Pont du Gard brought water form surrounding lakes into the city Porta Maggiore point where three aqueducts joined gateway decorated lavishly separates boundary of city and outside city utilitarian project III 27 180 Ara pacis Myth and reality mixture four panels Flavian Amphitheater Coliseum 39r 9 H ul Apollodorus of Damascus Forum of Trajan largest created created all inner trimmings of Forum of Trajan BasilicaColumn of Trai an historiated column two battles of Trajan depicts how army traveled scroll in marble low relief content not the artwork a e 4 Market of Trai an 170 shops multilevel first mall concrete arches r V i A L ire like Trajan focused on improving empire Hadrian did not want to expand emp within Visited provinces beard Greekling Greek philosophy wise men Hadrian s Wall cuts through England keeps Roman empire constricted IV 339 7 Pantheon pedimental temple front that backs into domed interior Temple of the Gods empirical structure lit by an oculus lit by the sun concrete dome on drum heavier bottom an lighter top perfect geometric forms of circles and squares dedicated to Magrippa Villa Tavoli Hadrian s estate 150 acres in uenced by architecture of places visited by Hadrian Marcus Aurelius first philosopher king Greek in uence stoic wrote meditations devoted himself to service of empire stoicism Marcus Aurelius Equestrian Statue original still remains bronze disproportionate last in uence of Classic Greek last of four good emperor Commodus believed he was Hercules taker not a giver Septimus Severus Family good emperor first portrait of an empirical family brother scratched out by Caracalla 180395 Caracalla bust bad emperor depicted as evil and angry no beard Baths of Caracalla one of the largest luxurious 50 acres different rooms for different activities cleanest people concrete and arches surrounded by landscape gardens lasted until 6th century natural and a part of civilization inspired Penn station Baths of Diocletian 32 acres marbled Diocletian Palace 284 305 AD organizer enlarges army overhauls taX collection system increases number of empirical provinces divides the empire with co rulers 39 a 54 The Tetrarchs four rulers of Diocletian porphyry identical embracing supporting one another lack of individuality military simplification and stabilization Constantine Victorious in battle of 312 defeating MaXimius Vision and gives Christians and anyreligion right to practice V Late Empire Arch of Constantine outer decorations reused sculptures of Marcus Aurelius Trajan and Hadrian good emperors rondules loss of individuality realism of Hadrian artifacts stylization of simplicity in Constantine s reliefs St John the Lateran church first Christian church built by Constantine statue of Marcs Aureliu I ula Palatina Basilica Trier Germany triumphal arch 4th century leaded glass Windows plain brick exterior VI Early Christian 4th5th century Dura Eurovos Synagogue abandoned in the early 3rd century abandoned in desert multiple religious temples and churches in the town stories painted from the bible lare hands and eyes stylized simplicity Christian symbolism interior of catacomb 4th century lunettes Christ good shepherd Jonah and the Whale not a whale combination of a monster pig wings fish tail man Early Christian symbolism orant figure good shepherd Jonah and the Whale Lam Youthful Christ Sarconhagus of J unius Bassus wealthy mixture of old and new testament classical columns and arches 349 Plan of St Peter s Circus of Nero Basilica Plan Snta Sabina columns ope Central plan Santa Constanza Constantine s daughter Gala Placida marble mosaics Revena completely covered in mosaics Good Shepherd mosaic Christ depicted in landscape halo cross gold and purple toga after resurrection 4H F
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