Exam 1 Study guide
Exam 1 Study guide GEOG 3330
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This 1 page Study Guide was uploaded by Janey Lyon on Friday February 27, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to GEOG 3330 at University of Utah taught by Petersen in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 176 views. For similar materials see Urban Environment in Geography at University of Utah.
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Date Created: 02/27/15
The Lithosphere earth s crust The Hydrosphere water The Atmosphere clouds and vapors The Biosphere creates life Earth Dimensions Polar circumference 40008 Km Equatorial circumference 40075 Latitudinal Geographic zones Arctic 65 degrees to North Pole Subarctic 55 degrees North to 665 degrees North 39 Mid Latitude 35 degrees North to 55 degrees North Subtropical 235 degrees North to 35 degrees North Longitude distance East or West measured from the center of the Earth at Greenwich prime meridian Ozone is made up of 03 atoms three oxygen molecules that bind together Ultraviolet light splits these atoms apart The ozone protects us from UV rays Electromagnetic spectrum a continuous range of waves that the sun puts out 47 micrometers is the range of visible light The light we see is a full range of color REASONS FOR SEASONS The revolution of the Earth around the sun 365 days rotation of the earth itself in 24 hour tilt of 23 degrees is always fixed Troposphere 1st layer cools as it goes up Stratosphere 2nd layer warms as it goes up Holds the ozone layer Mesosphere 3rd layer where notilucent clouds exist This area cools again gt these are all in the Homosphere Thermosphere 4th layer part of the heterosphere Components in the Homosphere Nitrogen 78 Oxygen 20 Argon 09 C02 039 If the ozone were compressed it would be 3 mm thick Albedo quality of reflection Heat Transfer conduction molecule to molecule convection heat molecules rise and move radiation electromagnetic waves latent heat phase change vapor advection wind movement of heat Greenhouse high clouds result in net greenhouse forcing and atmospheric warming longwave radiation is detained absorbed and reradiated low clouds result in net albedo forcing and atmospheric cooling Energy budget equatorial energy surplus poleward transfer of energy surplus Land heat warms and cools rapidly less evaporation lower specific heat Marine Heat greater evaporation higher specific heat mobility of currents Urban heat island warm air gets trapped in cities caused by nighttime warmth buildings block surface heat from rising and evapotranspiration is reduced Air wants to move from high pressure to low pressure that is what drives the wind Coriolis force cause fluids to curve as they travel It spins counter clockwise in the north and clockwise in the south Oceans have deep thermohaline circulation Major ocean currents bring warm waters near the equator cold currents near the poles ENSO a change from the normal that creates inter annual variability of warm and cold water El Nino brings hot waters East La Nina brings cold waters west Sublimation ice to vapor Deposition vapor to ice Condensation gas to liquid Evaporation liquid to gas Dew point temp at which an air mass becomes saturated and condensation forms water droplets DAR dry adiabatic rate Continental Arctic cA very cold dry and stable Continental Polar cP cold dry ad stable high pressure Maritime Polar mP cool humid unstable all year Maritime Tropical mT warm humid stable conditions Orographic air masses move over a mountain Frontal cold fronts move into maritime air Cold fronts warm air hits cold air and build up Warm fronts warm air lifts up and makes clouds
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