New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

PSYC 2110 Exam 5 Study Guide

by: AnnaCiara

PSYC 2110 Exam 5 Study Guide 2110

Marketplace > University of Connecticut > Psychlogy > 2110 > PSYC 2110 Exam 5 Study Guide
GPA 3.4

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

General review of concepts and terms to help prepare for exam 5
Psychology of Human Sexuality
Seth Kalichman
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Psychology of Human Sexuality

Popular in Psychlogy

This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by AnnaCiara on Saturday April 23, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 2110 at University of Connecticut taught by Seth Kalichman in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 52 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Human Sexuality in Psychlogy at University of Connecticut.


Reviews for PSYC 2110 Exam 5 Study Guide


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 04/23/16
PSYC 2110 Exam 5 Study Guide Term: definition Important concept I. Sex, Art, the Media, and the Law (15) Pornography • Estimated to be 420 million pages of pornography on the internet • $4 billion annual revenue from internet • Includes pictures, movies, or literature meant for sexual arousal • Sometimes used interchangeably with term obscenity-depicts sexual activity as disgusting and its material is considered offensive or immoral • “sexually explicit material” • Different than erotica which has more nonsexual context • Different than embedded sexual media which is when there is a sexual scene or scenario in a larger context – example is a sex scene on a television show Shunga: tradition in Japan that mother would pass this information on sexual positions onto daughter upon her marriage as informational content as well as encouragement Dionysian festivals • Included fertility rites and rituals • Greek literature includes erotic material based on these festivals • Involved Greek gods of pleasure and intoxication • Depicted the gods as very sexual active st Supreme cstrt ruled films to be protected by the 1 amendment (1952) • 1 amendment does not cover child pornography • The Child Pornography Prevention Act in 1996 penalized those involved Stag films • Films of hard-core pornography • Called blue films in Britain • Term “stag” later meant the film was shown to an all audience group Effects of sexually explicit materials • Legalization seen to increase amount of users of pornography • May represent more people engaging in internet sex • May “wreck” relationships or lead to sexual addiction • Modeling theory suggests that viewing will increase likelihood in copying the acts • Catharsis theory opposes modeling theory and says pornography minimizes violence by giving an outlet for unconventional sexual acts • Confluence theory says effects are based on individual beliefs and cultural influences Rape myths • Some people think pornographic material may reinforce rape beliefs and values • Study found that rape occurrences have gone down since the increase in online pornographic material 1970 Presidential Commission on Obscenity and Pornography • Done under the Nixon administration • Wanted less strict laws on the sale of pornography • Noted the fact there is no scientific evidence proving negative effects of pornography • Not passed Continued involvement of the supreme court • Supreme court redefined obscenity from its 1868 definition • In Roth vs United States case • Obscenity is “shameful or morbid interest in nudity, sex, or excretion, which goes beyond customary limits of candor” o Not all obscenity is banned • Usually block efforts from the US congress to decrease amount of sexual content on the internet to protect constitutional rights • Put more responsibility in state and local government to determine what is allowed II. Sexual Consent, Coercion, Rape, and Abuse (Chapter 16) Sexual dysfunction • Can be caused by physical or psychological problems • People participate in immoral or illegal sexual situations • Paraphilia Compulsive sexual behavior • Also labeled as sex addiction (somewhat controversial to liken it to substance abuse) • Sexual desire so urgent it affects daily life Sexual harassment • Form of negative boundary crossing • Especially seen in the workplace or academic settings • Sexual advances/coercion that is unwanted by the other person • Estimated that 50% of women have been sexually harassed • 4 main complaints that constitute as sexual harassment o 1) coercion and bribery o 2) hostile environment o 3) aggressive/outrageous acts rd o 4) 3 party effects • Victims may feel they will lose their job if they report an incident especially involving a superior employee Statutory rape: sexual intercourse between an adolescent or adult with a person under the age of being able to give consent Sexual coercion mostly commonly takes the form of emotional manipulation Acquaintance rape • Much more common than rape by a complete stranger • Includes rape in relationships – acquaintance means anyone the victim knows • Also known as date rape in some situations Rape myth: the idea that when a woman says no to sex she really means yes and will either give consent or allow sexual activity upon coercion. NOTE: IT IS A MYTH Pedophilia (desire) or child molesting (acting upon that desire) • Sexual interactions of an adult (about 5 years older than the child) with a child (under 13 years old) • Hebephilia: sexual abuse specifically of pubescent adolescents Effects of rape • Rape trauma syndrome first with post-traumatic stress disorder and second is a regain of personal security and control III. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, HIV/AIDS, and Sexual Decisions Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) • Sexual contact increases likelihood of contracting STIs • Does an impaired immune system increase likelihood? Controversial • Number of partners increases risk of getting STIs • Low risk perception – you don’t think you’ll get one- reduces likelihood of barrier use STDs in the US • Highest in SouthEast and SouthWest United States coast – TRUE FOR ALL STIs • More common in younger people (24 year olds and younger) Types of STIs • 1) Bacterial: one-celled microorganisms that cause many diseases o Untreated à can become systemic, meaning they spread to affect parts of body outside mucous membrane o Chlamydia (also called the “clap”) § Most common, especially in female (also note that females are generally at greater risk for all STIs) § Often asymptomatic § Each year there is a slight increase in prevalence § Even with treatment it is often not completely treated § Transmitted through any mucus membrane (vaginal, anal and throat) § Infant can be infected during birth § Very small so can easily spread through reproductive tract § Can cause epididymitis – harder to cure § Easily diagnosed and easily treated if completely cleared by antibiotics o Gonorrhea § 2 most common STI in US § rates fluctuate still based on multiple social factors, migratory factors etc (networks) § more easily detected because more often symptomatic § more likely to be completely treated and cleared with antibiotics § predictive for other STIs § men are more likely to get diagnosed at STD clinic than women, women are more likely to get diagnosed at doctor because they have more access to private reproductive health care § most common symptom is discharge § can get it in the penis, vagina, anus and throat § degradation of mucous membrane at localized site so that’s why it hurts to pee with gonorrhea because urine is acidic § Gonococcal urethritis § Nongonococcal urethritis (UGU) or nonspecific urethiritis (NSU) is inflammation of the male urethra NOT caused by gonorrhea § Men always get this with gonorrhea but women don’t ALWAYS get infected there may be infected near cervix – gonococcal cervicitis when site of infection § Bartholin’s absess o Can spread to fallopian tubes and cause infertility o Gonococcal ophthalmia § Fluid from mucus membrane gets into eye o Disseminated gonorrhea skin lesion § When it is system and untreated these appear o When bacterial infection isn’t completely treated then bacteria becomes resistant • Syphilis o Blood-borne disease o ~20,000 cases a year in the US o Doesn’t have to progress to become systemic because it already it o Primary syphilis: Local exposure, local inflammation, likely a reddening, potentially a fever, most characteristic is chancre which is an open sore with the burrowing bacteria in it § Don’t always get one § Likely to happen on the shaft, head of penis or vaginal walls or cervix § If it’s deeper in vagina might not notice § Treatment with antibiotics and cured o Secondary syphilis: untreated primary § Get systemic symptoms § Fever, rash § Treatable and curable (not as easily or quickly as primary) o 6 months to a year untreated with become tertiary disease and it become latent and you can have it for year then it can reemerge and it infect anywhere and everywhere § common site is nervous system – it can infect spinal cord, ocular nerves, brain § not treatable and not curable • Bacterial vaginosis (BV) o Easily detected by routine check up for women, easily treated and cured o Vulvovaginal infections can occur from yeast infection = fungal infection which is an overgrowth of normal fungus • 2) Viral: tiny particles (NOT A CELL, they are genetic material with a protein coat that infect cells) of DNA or RNA that invade a cell body and cause it to spread the virus o Herpes § Very prevalent § Not curable § Site of infection is surface of membrane § Characteristic blisters § Asymptomatic viral shedding – reason that person with herpes is still infectious without outbreak o Viral hepatitis o Genital warts (HPV caused) § There is a preventative vaccine - Gardasil o HIV (causes AIDS) § Get it from body fluids with high-concentration of HIV: blood, semen, vaginal fluids, breast milk § Body fluids with LOW or NO concentrations of HIV: saliva, tears, feces, sweat, urine § Exposure to blood is more likely during anal intercourse § Oral sex is safer § First weeks HIV establishes itself in the body § HIV slowly depletes immune system over the course of years § AIDS is end-stage of HIV infection § In 2007 estimated 1.2 million people in US have HIV or AIDS § Vaccine • Difficult to make because virus incorporates itself into genes, there is not a good animal model to test on, and also because it is so dangerous to be around making experiments and research also dangerous • 3) Parasites: tiny parasites that live in or out of the body o multicell organisms o 1- trichomoniasis causes local infection o 2- pubic lice and scabies • All STIs are spread through sexual networks** – can be stopped in networks IV. Sexual Dysfunctions and their treatment (chapter 18) Sexual aversion disorder: excessively large fear of any form of sexual expression, also common to avoid any sort of sexual expression Not to be confused with normal asexuality which is nonpathological A similar situation that is problematic is hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) which is considered a dysfunction Sexual dysfunction: Problem severe enough to impact almost every day in someone’s life and can be acquired or persistent throughout one’s life • Example of disorder centered on pain: Dyspareunia – meaning intercourse is painful and person may develop an aversion to it • Highest prevalence seen in east and southeast asia • Example in men: male erectile disorder (ED) – male cannot achieve or maintain an erection o Similar to in women – female sexual arousal disorder • Also in men – premature ejaculation: when a male lacks control of ejaculation


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.