New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

SOC101 StudyGuide

by: Rockie Russell

SOC101 StudyGuide SOC 101

Rockie Russell
Introduction to Sociology
Amanda Clayson

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

7 pages of study guide just for you! Consists of content from the whole semester's lectures and readings.
Introduction to Sociology
Amanda Clayson
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Introduction to Sociology

Popular in Department

This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Rockie Russell on Sunday March 1, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to SOC 101 at Washington State University taught by Amanda Clayson in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 128 views.


Reviews for SOC101 StudyGuide


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/01/15
Sociology 101 Study Guide Important People Emile Durkheim French social theorist Came up with social fact which is the values cultural norms and social structures that make up what we call sociology C Wright Mills First coined Sociological Imagination a person s ability to speculate on how different people interact in life and social phenomenon Ferdinand Tonnies German theorist Came up with the concepts of Gemeinschaft close relations with family and friends and Geselischaft impersonal motivated by selfinterest Herbert Blumer Developed the idea of symbolic interactions Symbolic interactions give meaning to everyday interactions and depending on the meaning we respond differently Karl Marx German theorist Theorized communism and Conflict Theory The inherit conflict between the haves and quothave nots over limited resources Freud Psychoanalyst Decided that people are dominated by their biologicalgenetic drives Natural urges Id vs the subconscious Superego Kohlberg and Piaget Established stages of learning Believed people finish learning at age 18 Jean Marc ldrord Discovered a feral child that had no sense of socialization due to the lack of human interaction Charles Cooley Knew that social environments matter Developed the idea of the looking glass self see page 6 Said quotself and society are twin born George Mead Created the phase concept quotIn Phase Me Phase A person is an object and predicts how he or she is veiwed by others A person is a subject and reacts Sociology and the Sociological imagination Sociology The study of social phenomenon and the way people interact Sociologists study family government the labor market social networks religion gender humanenvironmental interaction and crime Cultural Relativism Looking at others with the context of their own culture Logic and Fallacies Fallacy Flawed logical reasoning Fallacies of presumption 1 Hasty generalization Too little info is presented 2 False bifurcation Only two choices are presented quotthis or that statement 3 False cause Cause comes before the effect in reasoning Relevance Fallacies 0 Appeal to one authority celebrity 0 Appeal to many quoteveryone s doing it 0 Appeal to a select few saying something s for an exclusive group 0 Appeal to tradition Wrong Level Fallacies 0 Moving back and forth between units of analysis 0 Juror vs jury situation Functionalism The idea that society is made up of interrelated parts Things like economy religion government and families all work together Research terms Operationalization Listing attributes of variables that can be measured and observed 0 Exhaustive each person can fit into a category 0 Mutually exclusive Categories don t overlap Directionality The direction of the relation between variables such as positive negative and curvilinear trends Quantitative reasoning Includes numerical statistics Qualitative reasoning Includes stories and personal accounts Observational research Consists of a participant observer a complete observer and a complete participant 0 Hawthorne effect People act a certain way when being observed for social desirability 0 Ethnography Experimenters analyze a culture for a long period of time Culture Material culture Includes artifacts that have a meaning given by humans and can be considered durable or ephemeral Nonmaterial culture Symbols something that represents something else with multiple people agreeing to it Language 0 Organizes the way we think about the world 0 Allows experience to be cumulative o Allows us to share perspectives and understand each other 0 Allows complex goal oriented behavior 0 Identifies place in society 0 Norms Social Rules 0 Folkway Casual norms such as manners o Mores Important social expectations 0 Taboos Things forbidden by social rules even the thought of taboo is upsetting Values What s good or bad as pictured by a society Cultural beliefs What s considered true or false by a society Sanctions Responses to keeping or breaking norms 0 Positive formal Receiving a medal or getting on honor roll 0 Positive informal Applause receiving a thank you 0 Negative formal Jail time receiving a ticket 0 Negative informal Being ignored getting a dirty look Reify To make something natural even though we made it up Eg girls liking the color pink Cultural diffusion The blendingadapting between cultural aspects Microcosm A smaller group that epitomes a society Subcultures Distinct values norms and artifacts that set a group apart from a larger society Counterculture Distinct cultural aspects that are at odds with a larger society ldioculture Any group that interacts overtime and eventually develops a culture of their own Functions of culture Simplifies life promotes solidarity Dysfunctions of culture Culture shock ethnocentrism Humor 0 Creates friendshippromotes solidarity 0 Lowers social anxiety 0 Form of social control Social Structure Social structure A set of relatively stable relationships connecting different statuses in a group Includes statuses roles and institutions Examples of a statuses Positions we occupy 0 Student Malefemale Employed Types of statuses include 1 Achieved status Something was done to acquire the status 0 Eg Convicted criminal college grad married 2 Ascribed status A status given to you by society typically at birth 0 Eg Age race gender 3 Situational status A temporary status caused by a situation 0 Eg Passenger client 4 Transitional status A bridge to a more permanent status Eg Engaged intern student Status symbols Objects that give away our position or status in society Role A thing expected of us when in a status Rights A thing expected of others when in a status Obligations What others expect of you Tricky situations 1 Role Strain So much is required by one role that it is difficult to fulfill obligations Eg Ajob asking too much of one person 2 Status Inconsistency Two statuses are inconsistent with social expectations Eg Female mechanic 14 year old professor 3 Role Conflict Can t fulfill obligations of two roles at the same time Eg being a romantic partner and supervisor at same time with someone Master Status Your most important status to society 0 Cuts across all other statuses 0 Lens through which all other statuses are judged Roles give us scripts to follow and influence our behavior How to get past quottricky situations caused by roles and statuses 1 Chose statuses that don t conflict when combined 2 Abandon a status all together 3 Comply most with parts of roles with the biggest consequences 4 Keep roles separate role segregation Microsociology The sociology of small scale interactions Macrosociology The sociology of large scale processes Society Totality of individuals and their relationships in a given geography A society consists of 1 Definite geographic territory 2 The recruiting of new members usually through birth 3 A comprehensive culture and social structures 4 Fairly independent politics 5 Being able to last for a long time Institutions Institution A solution to a social problem and a set of ideas about how it ought to be dealt with Responds to societal needs sets expectations sets up guides for new structures and provides standards to judge existing social structure Societal needs Things institutions provide 0 Reproductionnew members needed for society to survive 0 Socializationprovides grounds for family and education 0 Dealing with sickness eg medicine 0 Selection of workersfor a labor market 0 Creating knowledgeAllows development of science and philosophy 0 Control of membersAows for a justice system 0 Defense Develops military 0 Production of goods and services allows for economics 0 Promotion of unity leads to religion 0 Answer questions about unity also leads to religion Nature of institutions 1 They are generally unplanned and are developed gradually by trying different things If something works its usage is continued then it is passed down through generations 2 They are slow changing and inherently conservative 3 Institutions are interdependent 4 Bear little resemblance to other societies Socialization Socialization The process of becoming culturally competent Looking Glass Self 1 Imagine how others see us 2 Imagine judgments others make 3 Either shame or pride is experienced 4 Execute or revise our action Paranoid negative poor selfimage Pronoid positive selfimage Play Learning how to behave based on the behavior of significant others Such as a small child pretending to be mom Games learning rules with standard impersonal roles Eventually leads to learning about generalized other which is everyone else s point of view Robert Merton 0 SelfFulfilling Prophecy A false prediction someone accepts as true But the individual acts in a way that makes it come true Agents of socialization 0 Families schools peer groups media work


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.