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Exam 1 Study Guide

by: Meaghan Bilyeu

Exam 1 Study Guide 436816

Meaghan Bilyeu
Penn State
Spanish 003
Erin Ruiz

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Study guide for exam 1 of Spanish 003 course. Includes vocab list and verbs/verb conjugations.
Spanish 003
Erin Ruiz
Study Guide
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This 11 page Study Guide was uploaded by Meaghan Bilyeu on Tuesday March 3, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 436816 at Pennsylvania State University taught by Erin Ruiz in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 320 views. For similar materials see Spanish 003 in Foreign Language at Pennsylvania State University.

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Date Created: 03/03/15
Spanish 3 Exam 1 Study Guide Gustar and similar verbs gustar is similar to the expression to be pleasing to someone Me gusta esta chaqueta I like this jacket the subject of gustar is the person or thing that is liked the indirect object pronoun shows to Whom the person or thing is pleasing me te le nos 0s les present tense gusta singular and gustan plural Me gusta ese collar I like that necklace preterit tense gusto singular and gustaron plural No me gustaron los anillos I did not like the rings to express What people likedon t like m use gusta followed by one or more infinitive Nos gusta caminar por la ma ana We like to walk in the morning No te gusta correr y nadar Don t you like to run and swim other Spanish words that follow the pattern of gustar encantar and fascinar to like a lot to love interesar to interest to matter paracer to seem and quedar to fit to have something left to express that you like or dislike a person use caer bien or caer mal Les cae bien Miriam They like Miriam Esa dependienta me cae mal I do not like that salesclerk to emphasize or clarify to Whom something is pleasing use a mi 3 ti 3 lellausted a nosotrosas a ellosellasustedes or a noun A mi me gustaron los zapatos pero 3 Pedro no le gustaron I liked the shoes but Pedro did not like them Present tense and re exive verbs ar yo 0 nosotrosas amos tu as vosotrosas is l ella Ud a ellos ellas Uds an er yo 0 nosotrosas emos t1 1 es vosotrosas is l ella Ud e ellos ellas Uds en ir yo 0 nosotrosas imos I tu es vosotros as is Spanish 3 Exam 1 Study Guide l ella Ud e I ellos ellas Uds en erir have the same endings except for nosotros and vosostros estar to be yo estoy nosotrosas estamos t1 1 estas vosotrosas estais l ella Ud esta ellos ellas Uds estan ser to be yo soy nosotrosas somos t1 1 eres vosotrosas sois l ella Ud es ellos ellas Uds son used to describe an intrinsic feature of a person place or thing to express nationality where or when an event takes place ser de is used to express origin possession and the material of which something is made hacer to maketo do yo hago nosotrosas hacemos t1 1 haces vosotrosas hacais l ella Ud hace ellos ellas Uds hacen poner to put yo pongo nosotrosas ponemos t1 1 pones vosotrosas pon is l ella Ud pone ellos ellas Uds ponen salir to leave yo salgo nosotrosas salimos t1 1 sales vosotrosas salis l ella Ud sale ellos ellas Uds salen traer to bring yo traigo nosotrosas traemos t1 1 traes vosotrosas tra is l ella Ud trae ellos ellas Uds traen oir to hear yo oigo nosotrosas oimos t1 1 oyes vosotrosas ois l ella Ud oye ellos ellas Uds oyen Spanish 3 Exam 1 Study Guide pensar eie to think yo pienso nosotrosas pensamos t1 1 piensas vosotrosas pensais l ella Ud piensa ellos ellas Uds piensan volver 0lue to return yo vuelvo nosotrosas volvemos t1 1 vuelves vosotrosas volv is l ella Ud vuelve ellos ellas Uds vuelven pedir ei to ask for yo pido nosotrosas pedimos t1 1 pides vosotrosas pedis l ella Ud pide ellos ellas Uds piden Other common verbs that have vowel changes in the stem are e I ie 0 I ue e I i cerrar to close almorzar to have lunch repetir to repeat empezar to begin costar to cost servir to serve entender to understand dormir to sleep preferir to prefer encontrar to meet querer to want to love poder to be able to can re exive verbs express what people do to or for themselves place re exive pronouns after the word m in negative constructions lavarse to wash oneself yo me lavo nosotrosas nos lavamos t1 1 te lavas vosotrosas os lavais l ella Ud se lava ellos ellas Uds se lavan Ir a in nitive after the verb ir use a to introduce a noun that refers to a place when a is followed by the article el the two words contract to form al Voy a la fiesta de Maria I am going to Maria s party Vamos al gimnasio We are going to the gym use adonde when asking where to with the verb ir ir to go yo voy nosotrosas vamos t1 1 vas vosotrosas vais l ella Ud va ellos ellas Uds van to express a future action or condition use the present tense of ir a the infinitive form of the verb the expression vamos a infinitive can mean let s Spanish 3 Exam 1 Study Guide Preterit past used to talk about past events actions and conditions that are viewed as completed or ended Hablar Comer Vivir yo hable comi vivi t1 1 hablaste comiste viviste usted lella hablo comio vivio nostrosas hablamos comimos vivimos vosotrosas hablasteis comisteis vivisteis ustedesellosellas hablaron comieron vivieron stemchanging verbs ending in ar and er do not have a stern change in the preterit pensar pense pensaste penso pensamos pensasteis pensaron volver volvi volviste volvio volvimos volvisteis volvieron verbs ending in car and gar have spelling change in the yo form sacar saque sacaste saco llegar 11egu 11egaste 11ego empezar empece empezaste empezo common expressions used with the preterit anoche last night la semana pasado last week anteayer day before yesterday el fin de semana pasado last weekend anteanoche night before last una semana atr s a week ago ayer yesterday hace un diameSa o que it has been a el andmes pasado last yearmonth daymonthyear the verbs ir and ser have identical forms in the preterit they are often used in speaking and writing ir is often followed by the preposition a in the preterit irser yo fui nosotrosas fuimos t1 1 fuiste vosotrosas fuisteis el e11a Ud fue ellos e11as Uds fueron re exive verbs in the preterit apply the same rules as in the present tense expresses what people do to or for themselves levantarse yo me levant nosotrosas nos levantamos t1 1 te levantaste vosotrosas os levantasteis el e11a Ud se levant ellos e11as Uds se levantaron with a conjugated verb followed by an infinitive place the re exive pronoun before the conjugated verb or attach it to the infinitive Yo me empece a preparar alas cinco I started to get ready at ve Yo empece a prepararme alas cinco I started to get ready at ve Spanish 3 Exam 1 Study Guide when referring to parts of the body and clothing the definite articles are used with re exive verbs Me lave el pelo Alicia se quito la sudadera I washed my hair Alicia took o her sweatshirt re exive verbs that convey the idea of mental or physical states do not take an object arrepgntirse i to regret enfadarse to get upset angry atreverse to dare quejarse to complain divgrtirse i to have fun sgntirse i to feel disculparse to apologize preterit of erir verbs whose stern ends in a vowel leer yo lei nosotrosas leimos t1 1 leiste vosotrosas leisteis l ella Ud ley6 ellos ellas Uds leyeron oir yo oi nosotrosas oimos t1 1 oiste vosotrosas oisteis l ella Ud oy6 ellos ellas Uds oyeron stemchanging ir verbs in the preterit dormir olju yo dormi nosotrosas dormimos t1 1 dormiste vosotrosas dormisteis l ella Ud durmi ellos ellas Uds durmieron perferir ei yo preferi nosotrosas preferimos t1 1 preferiste vosotrosas preferisteis el ella Ud prefirio ellos ellas Uds prefirieron some irregular preterits hacer querer and venir have an i in the preterit stern Infinitive New Stern Preterit Forms hacer hic hice hiciste hizo hicimos hicisteis hicieron querer quis quise quisiste quiso quisimos quisisteis quisieron venir vin vine viniste vino vinimos vinisteis vinieron estar tener poder poner and saber have a u in the preterit stern Infinitive New Stern Preterit Forms estar estuv estuve estuviste estuvo estuvimos estuvisteis estuvieron tener tuv tuve tuviste tuvo tuvimos tuvisteis tuvieron poder pud pude pudiste pudo pudimos pudisteis pudieron poner pus puse pusiste puso pusimos pusisteis pusieron sup supe supiste supo supimos supisteis supieron Spanish 3 Exam 1 Study Guide saber I I decir traer and all verbs ending in ducir have a j in the stem and use the ending eron instead of ieron decir also has an i in the stem Infinitive New Stem Preterit Forms decir dij dije dijiste dijo dijimos dijisteis dijeron traer traj traje trajiste trajo trajimos trajisteis trajeron traducir traduj traduje tradujiste tradujo tradujimos tradujisteis tradujeron Imperfect past used to express habitual or repeated actions in the past without focus on the completion of the action Nosotros ibamos a cas para cenar todos los dias alas seis We used to go home to eat dinner every day at six o clock express an action or state that was in progress in the past not whether the actionstate was completed Todos los invitados hablaban y bailaban Estaban muy contentos All the guests were talking and dancing They were very happy describe characteristics and conditions in the past El desfile era muy largo y habia muchos expectadores The parade was very long and there were many spectators tell time in the past Era la una de la tarde no eran las dos It was one in the afternoon it was not two express a person s age in the past Ella tenia quince a os entonces She was fteen years old then some expressions that often accompany the imperfect are mientras 3 veces siempre generalmente and frecuentemente Hablar Comer Vivir yo hablaba comia vivia t1 1 hablabas comias vivias ustedelella hablaba comia vivia nostros as hablabamos comiamos viviamos vosotorosas hablabais comiais viviais ustedesellosellas hablaban comian Vivian no stem changes in the imperfect three irregular verbs in the imperfect ir iba ibas iba 1 bamos ibais iban ser era eras era eramos erais eran ver veia veias veia veiamos veias veian the imperfect form of hay is habia there was there were there used to be Preterit vs Imperfect The preterit and imperfect are not interchangeable Use the preterit to express a sequence of actions completed in the past to talk about the beginning or end of an event action or condition Spanish 3 Exam 1 Study Guide to talk about an event action or condition that occurred over a specified period of time Use the imperfect to talk about customary or habitual actions events or conditions in the past to express an ongoing part of an event action or condition In a story the imperfect provides the background information Whereas the preterit tell What happened Frequently an action or situation imperfect is ongoing When something else preterit suddenly happens to express intentions in the past use the imperfect of ir a infinitive or the imperfect verb querer Imperfect Commands to form the af rmative tl l command use the present indicative t1 1 form Without the final s Tu form present indicative Affirmative t1 1 command cocinar cocinas cocina beber bebes bebe consumir consumes consume for the negative tl l command us the negative usted form and add the final s Negative usted command Negative t1 1 command preparar no prepare no prepares comer no coma no comas batir no bata no batas placement of object and re exive pronouns With t1 1 commands is the same as With usted commands Affirmative command Negative command Preparelo usted No 10 prepare usted Bebela tu No la bebas t1 1 the plural of hi commands in Spanishspeaking America is the ustedes command Cocina tu Cocinen ustedes Bebe t1 1 Beban ustedes Bate t1 1 Batan ustedes some er and ir verbs have shortened affirmative tl l commands but their negative command is regular Affirmative Negative poner pon no pongas salir sal no salgas tener ten no tengas venir ven no vengas hacer haz no hagas decir di no digas ir ve no vayas ser se no seas Spanish 3 Exam 1 Study Guide Se Verb use se verb to emphasize the occurrence of an action rather than the persons responsible for that action use a singular verb With singular nouns and a plural verb With plural nouns Se necesita un horno para hacer galletas An oven is needed to make cookies Se venden verduras alli Vegetables are sold there use a singular verb When the se verb construction is followed by an adverb infinitive or a clause Se trabaja mucho en ese manzanal They work a lot in that apple orchard Se puede enocontrar muchos tipos de manzanas alli You can find many di erent types of apples there Se dice que venden sidra excelente tambi n People say they sell excellent cider too Chapter 10 Vocab elace e el aderezo elazdcar las especias las hierbas la mayonesa la mostaza la pimienta la sal la salsa de tomate la vainilla el vinagre el perejil el aguacate el ajo la cebolla la cereza elcoco las espinacas la fresa aechuga el limon el mai z la manzana el maracuya el melon la naranja la papaya la patatapapa el pepino la pera el pimiento el pimiento verderojo la pina el platanola banana el tomate la toronjael pomelo la uva la zanahoria las aves el bistec la camaronla gamba la carne molidapicada oil salad dressing sugar spices herbs mayonnaise mustard pepper salt tomato sauce vanilla vinegar parsley avocado garlic onion cherry coconut spinach strawberry lettuce lemon corn apple passion fruit melon orange papaya potato cucumber pear pepper greenred pepper pineapple banana plantain tomato grapefruit grape carrot poultry fowl steak shrimp meat ground meat de res el cerdo la chuleta el cordero Chapter 10 Vocab la costilla el jamon la Iangosta los mariscos la oveja elpavo el pollo el arroz los churros la crema el dulce los espaguetis los frijoles la galleta los garbanzos la harina los huevos laleche las legumbres las lentejas la manteca la mantequilla la margarina la mermelada el pan el pan dulce la pasta el pastel el postre elqueso el queso crema el refresco el vino elyogur la bandeja el botella la copa la cuchara la cucharita el cuchillo beefsteak pork chop lamb rib ham lobster sheH sh sheep turkey chicken rice fried dough cream candysweets spaghetti beans cookie chickpea our eggs milk legumes lentils lard butter margarine jamjelly bread bun small cake pasta cake dessert cheese cream cheese softdrink wine yogurt tray bottle stemmed glass spoon teaspoon knife el mantel el plato la servilleta la taza el tenedor elvaso agregara adir apagar la luz Chapter 10 Vocab batir cocinar cubdr disfrutar encenderUaluz estar a dieta freir i hervir ie i probar ue recomendar ie agrioa amargoa dulce lacteoa ella campesinoa la comida basurachatarra eldesayuno la dieta la ensalada la lista de la compra la receta la sopa todaVI39a ella vegetarianoa ya tablecloth plate dish napHn cup fork glass to add to turn off the light to beat to cook to cover to enjoy to turn on the light to be on a diet to fry to boil to try to taste to recommend sour bitterness tartness sweet dairy product peasant junkfood breakfast diet salad shopping list recipe soup still yet vegetarian already


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