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by: Mallory McClurg


Marketplace > University of Mississippi > Geology > Geol112 > GEOL112 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE
Mallory McClurg
GPA 3.37

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About this Document

These notes cover everything the TA included in his review for the final exam.
Historical Geology Laboratory
TA Lee New
Study Guide
Geology, lab, geol112
50 ?




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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Mallory McClurg on Sunday April 24, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Geol112 at University of Mississippi taught by TA Lee New in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Historical Geology Laboratory in Geology at University of Mississippi.




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Date Created: 04/24/16
Geology 112 Lab FINAL EXAM Study Guide CONCEPTUAL/DEFINITION QUESTIONS: Fossils – naturally preserved remains or traces of animals that lived in the geologic past; preservation is enhanced by rapid burial and the organism’s possession if internal/external hard parts Index fossils – fossil that identifies and dates the succession of strata in which it is found; commonly occurring/abundant, broad geographic range, relatively short time span Sedimentary Rocks (in relation to fossils) – contain the largest amount of preserved fossils, because igneous and metamorphic rocks are created in hot, highly pressurized conditions; help us indicate evolution and the environments the fossils were formed in Replacement – complete dissolution (or replacement) of buried remains by new mineral material; common replacement minerals include quartz, dolomite, calcite, etc. Permineralization – when sediment fills the pores of a buried remains with solutions of mineral material like calcium carbonate, silica, pyrite, or dolomite; for example, petrified wood or bone Recrystallization – conversion of mineral material into a more stable form; for example, the aragonite form of calcium carbonate of clams and snails Trace fossils – fossils that depict traces of organisms in their environment; can indicate size, speed, migration patterns, etc Ichnofacies – an assemblage of trace fossils from the same period that can indicate numerous things about the environment the organism lived in Facies – an aspect, appearance, or characteristic of a rock unit, usually reflecting the conditions of its origin; important in differentiating between adjacent or associated rock units Normal Fault – fault where the hanging wall has moved downward from the footwall; due to tensional (pull apart) forces Thrust Fault – low angle reverse fault, where the thin hanging wall is left overhanging the footwall Geology 112 Lab FINAL EXAM Study Guide Reverse Fault – fault where hanging wall has moved upward from footwall, showing vertical displacement; associated with horizontal compression (push together) forces Strike-Slip Fault – fault where blocks of earth are moved horizontally past each other Hanging Wall – the side of the fault that moves Footwall – the side of the fault that remains stable Anticline – a stratigraphic fold that creates a concave downward; middle of cross section is older rocks Syncline – a stratigraphic fold that creates a concave upward; middle of cross section is younger rocks Lithosphere – outer part of the earth that comprises its surface; part of the Earth’s crust and upper mantle Divergent Boundary - tectonic boundary where two plates are moving away from each other and new crust is forming from magma that rises to the Earth's surface between the two plates Convergent Boundary - tectonic boundary where two plates are moving toward each other; if the two plates are of equal density, they usually push up against each other to form a mountain chain; if they are of unequal density, one plate usually sinks (subducts) beneath the other Pangaea - a supercontinent comprising all the continental crust of the earth, postulated to have existed in late Paleozoic and Mesozoic times before it broke into Gondwana and Laurasia


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