STUDY GUIDE FOR MIDTERM
STUDY GUIDE FOR MIDTERM F131
Popular in Folklore in the United States
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Literature
This 12 page Study Guide was uploaded by Austin Courter on Wednesday March 4, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to F131 at Indiana University taught by Professor Caffery in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 253 views. For similar materials see Folklore in the United States in Literature at Indiana University.
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Date Created: 03/04/15
The Field of Folklore William John Thomas coined the term folklore a good AngloSaxon compound folklore volk volkslieder folk meaning people and folksong folklore vs industrialism and empiricism industrialism threatened folklore because people were moving from rural to industrial areas Johann Gottfried Herder said folksong is the soul of the people Coined term volksleid meaning folksong The Brothers Grimm collected folktales and categorized them Brunvand s 3 Major Division of Folklore 1 Oral things like folk speech jokes riddles 2 Customary folk religion folk belief holidays 3 Material physical folk material such as folk houses costumes etc Brunvand s 3 Levels of Culture 1 Folk culture of traditional people A folksong would be an example 2 Normative for regular people Things like pop music would be an example 3 Elite for the elite people Things such as novels would be an example Brunvand s 5 Hallmarks how to tell if something is folklore or noty 1 Oral Customary Material 2 Traditional in form and transmission ie it is rooted in the past somehow 3 Multiple and Variable multiple versions of it and exists in different versions 4 Usually Anonymous 5 Formularized Folk Groups Alexander Krappe He said American folklore doesn t exist because it hasn t been around long enough and there are just remnants of euro folklore There is native American folklore though Four theories of folklore The Communal Theory singing dancing throng creating things on the spot Survivals Theory folklore is relics of a prior community Folklore evolves as time goes on Gesunkenes Kulturgut folklore was a fragmented form of higher culture Literature and mythology l debased elements of culture 2 Ossian James McPhersons fabricated epic Individual origins and communal recreation single source created idea Most Widely accepted theory today A modern definition Any group With some measure of shared identity Major types of folk groups 1 2 Occupational Age Family Gender Region Ethnicity Hoosier definitions as folk etymology Folk Speech Vernacular regional dialect As spoken on ground Dialect regional variation of a language Jargon specialized professional vocab idiom idiomatic figurative expression Onomastic the science or study of the origins and forms of words especially as used in a specialized field euphemism metaphorical alternative for inappropriate expression morphology history of word development syntax word order Lexicon vocab of a particular person idiolect personal words or phrases Creolization different languages blended together Creole languages French and English folk vocabularies Boontlingl unique speech in California town occupational folk terminology ie occupational jargon the Sokal affair Folksong Words and music that circulate orally in traditional variants among members of a particular group lyric vs narrative song narrative tells a story Lyrical tells about the emotions of the person Francis Child collected English and Scottish ballads and put them in a book Cecil Sharp recorded folksongs in the App mountains John and Alan LomaX first to record folksongs and categorize them Father and son team Vance Randolph Went to Ozark mountains to record people Most had to do with sex Leadbelly aka Huddie Ledbetter he was freed by the lomax s and wrote a song about the governor Liltings Wordless folksong HoodlingEephing wordless folksong Ballads General Characteristics 1 ballad stanza 1 4 lines 2 4343 3 abcb or abab 2 narrative 3 dramatic 4 Dialogue often told as a series of scenes with each character talking to one another 5 Archaic language 6 7 8 Simple language In media res Commonplaces Come all ye example of a ballad Major types first 3 are how they are transmitted then last 3 are types 1 6 Folk most traditional passed on oral tradition Often dark and bloody commonplace medieval settings Broadside printed on broad sheets hence the name sold on street corners by ballad peddlers More topical colloquial meaning more conversational Dealt With common people Literary professional writers Modeled after child or folk ballads Child English origins Passed on through tradition Usually retained oral tradition but sometimes appear in broadsides or as imitations by literary authors Native American American version of childbroadside Cowboys war disasters etc Blues Africanamerican adaptations of the ballad Modelled mostly off of broadsides The Bloody MillerOxford GirlWaco Girl Frankie and Johnny Folk Music and Popular Music in America The Case of the Blues Monogenesis vs polygenesis one origin vs many origins Dockery Farms said to be a birthplace of the blues One of many possible locations This one kind of goes With the delta genesis idea and how slaves started singing the blues While in the field Alan LomaX agrees With the idea of the Delta Genesis ie blues began there and spread from there Blind Lemon Jefferson believed that blues started in Texas Robert Johnson important Person in the blues because a number of record companies discovered him in the 60 s even though he wasn t really all too well known Supported idea of popular genesis and how the blues became a thing through commercialization Folk sources of the blues 1 work shouts field holler spirituals 2 commonplace formulaic lyrics 3 possible retentions of African folklore Characteristics 1 lyrical or loose narrative 2 themes of longing loss 3 basic chord structure 145 4 mentions having the blues WC Handy Heard the blues for the first time in the delta area and made the blues sound more like jazz First person to commercially record the blues Mamie Smith Northern singer of the blues at least in form but sounds more jazzy Bessie Smith first nationally recorded blues player Southern diaspora 19001970 mostly in Chicago Electrification of the blues Muddy Waters another famous blues artist In uenced artists like the Allmann brothers and rolling stones In uence of the blues on rock and roll same basic chord structure The Folktale Etymology of tale formulaic oral tradition told as fiction Folktales are poetic Legends historical Difference from Legend and Myth 0 Myth Setting time before time and creation places 0 Legend Setting Anytime in the past Takes place on the earth as we know it 0 Myths told as fiction 0 Legend Told as though they occurred The Brothers Grimm Kinder und Hausmarchen Childrens and Household tales Wrote and categorized them Antii Aarne first person to systematize folktales YehShen Chinese tale Rhodopis something to do with a bird taking a necklace or something Motifs types of folktales a small narrative kernel Types of the Folktale animal ogres etc The Motif Index of Folk Literature AZ index of all types like animal Stith Thompson developed the Motif Index at IU HistoricGeographic Approach Where specific indexes show up on earth Search for the Ur Text original text Animal Tales Speaking anthropomorphic animals 0 Stock characters 0 Trickster tales 0 Clever underdog or outcast Brother Rabbit Tales Plantation south 0 Tales of slaves in coastal Georgia 0 Linked to African Tricksters who are often hares John and Old Marster Tale stories featuring a trickster slave named John mostly Outwits his superior Fables 0 An animal tale that tells a moral 0 Exist in oral tradition but made famous in lit collections 0 Aesop s Fables Ordinary Folktales Characteristics 0 Supernatural motifs o Sympathy for underdogs 0 Medieval setting Marchen Wondertale Magic Tale Fairytales 0 Literary adaptations of wondertales Anthropological Approach Tale Telling as a re ection of community values and dynamics EX how telling trickster tales re ects social context Psychoanalytic Approach evil stepmothers Tales as re ections of repressed desires Cultural Dreams Jack Tales uses wits andor supernatural help in order to obtain either wealth or a wife generally British man In America he becomes a foolish yet clever farm boy Morphology of the Folktale Vladimir Propp Wrote a book on Morphology o 8 Character types 0 7 spheres of action 0 31 functions Myth in America Primary concerns of myth o Etiology Custom geography Cosmology origin of the myth 0 Sacred truth 0 The Gods and their activities Mythic time time before time Gods operate to mythic time not regular time Mythic place mythical place Creation myths o Pangu Upper and UnderWorlds o The Earth Diver myth mythological characters who succeed at retrieving land for a creator god or culture hero to make the world out of Topography of the Earth 0 Finn McCool and the Giants Causeway guy who acted as a baby to trick another giant into not killing him pretty much Dueling creation myths in Genesis one says that animals were created after humans while another says the opposite Also one says that man was created first then the woman while another says they were created at the same time Garden of Eden myth and the Origins of mental and moral characteristics women created evil and hate snakes because the snake made eve eat the apple Myth as a History of Prehistory Solar mythology it is monogenesis myths come from very early descriptions from the environment often celestial environment Gods named in Sanskrit and gods are based on celestial phenomena 0 Max Muller IndoEuropean origin of myths Evolutionary School all cultures are progressing along the same evolutionary path and as they evolve they go through distinct stages Some go through quicker than others Polygenesis Multiple origins myth as a savage survival Vestigial limb no longer in use Euhemerism Gods are related to historical figures chieftains and over time they became a larger than life figure like a God Beowolf is kind of like one Gods became characters in myths legends and so forth Etiological describing the origin of the myth Legend Pt I Etymology of legend Major characteristics of legend 0 Told as fact 0 Based on traditional motifs idea Narrative Rumor and anecdote as sources of legend rumor tradition legend Reality factors 0 FOAF heard it from a friend of a friend EcotypeOicotype migration Localization Ecotypification Migration the story moves around Localization to make the legend believable they localize it to a specific region They do this to make the legend last Other characteristics of folk legend 0 re ect folk belief short episodic conversation St Nicholas and Santa Claus Legendary history of the unicorn Family Legend write about their ancestors Legend Pt 11 Local legends each area has their own legend 0 The Beast of Busco gaint snapping turtle Urban legends legends circulating around the contemporary world Analyzing Urban Legend 0 Social anxiety fear guilt Situations of control vs freedom 0 Underlying lesson The Hippie Babysitter Supernatural legends 0 Creature legends 0 Revenants Ghosts and zombies 0 Memorate firsthand experience of the supernatural 0 Legendtripping Visiting a place associated with a supernatural legend and the hope of haVing a supernatural experience Chupacabra Legends and Literature Heroic legends and early literature Gilgamesh Beowulf King Arthur etc Know quotThe Bosom Serpentquot Story Characters Plot Etc George Herkimer Visits his old acquaintance Roderick Elliston who is rumored to have a snake residing in his bosom Herkimer says he brings Elliston a message from his wife Rosina but he retreats into his house before receiVing it Elliston and Rosina had separated four years earlier Soon people noticed a green tint to his skin and often heard a hissing sound coming from his bosom Elliston sought the attention of others and pointed out the snakes they possessed Within their own bosoms His relatives placed him in an asylum but his doctors decided his af iction did not demand confinement After learning this Herkimer returns to Elliston Who says his selfcontemplation has nurtured the serpent Rosina appears and suggests that he quotforget himself in the idea of anotherquot They touch and Roderick is healed Bosom Serpent Legends Folk Religion Santeria Church of God With Signs Following
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