Unit I Notes
Unit I Notes PSCI 1024
Popular in Comparative Government and Politics
Popular in Political Science
This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lian Joseph on Monday April 25, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSCI 1024 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Charles Taylor in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Comparative Government and Politics in Political Science at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
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Date Created: 04/25/16
1/26/16 The State and its Policies The State (legal/political state) o Has territory o Has population o Has sovereignty Internal Sovereignty: Full and exclusive legal power to make and enforce laws for the people within its territory External Sovereignty: Right to conclude binding agreements with other states o Ex: United States making arrangements with Iran The State’s Historic Role: Roles of the State National defense Domestic tranquility General Welfare (of the people) o Welfare today means medicaid and role of government United States Constitution o To establish justice o To ensure domestic tranquility o To provide for the common defense And behind it: o To provide legitimacy for the state o National identity and civic pride o Trust, not force alone Expansion of Roles: Prosperity and economic growth Inflation and unemployment (too much of one, too little of the other) o About 2% inflation; managed by the central bank Redistribution (taxes, reforms) o Distribution from the poor and the wealth Nation: People with a strong psychological sense of unity based upon common history, language, culture, economic life, territory o Sociological matter Nation versus State: State: legal term Islamic State: an effort to redefine or replace to the state Nation: sociological term NationState: Example: Israel Civil Society People have different political, social, and economic views Free individuals and groups The State Government and bureaucracy European Union: Not a federal system States give up some powers (sovereignty); retain others Governing Structures The Council The Council of Europe o Prime ministers The Commission o Bureaucracy The European Parliament o Made up of individual representatives made up of each of the state The European Court of Justice o Judicial review; individual must obey laws in each state Common Market: No barriers to movement of goods, services, capital and labor among member states. Common external trade policy Common antitrust policy Common agricultural policy Schengen Agreement: Tiny place between Germany and Luxemburg come together Where the EU came together to determine no internal barriers Before Schengen: guard posts from the Netherlands and Germany; needed passports to go from one country to the other Free movement between the two places Migration: little chance that the agreement may survive Monetary Union: Common currency (Euro = $1.20) Central bank for all of the EU Integrated financial and economic policies
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