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Unit I Notes

by: Lian Joseph
Lian Joseph
Virginia Tech

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About this Document

These notes will be on the final exam.
Comparative Government and Politics
Charles Taylor
Study Guide
Government, Systems
50 ?




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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lian Joseph on Monday April 25, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSCI 1024 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Charles Taylor in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Comparative Government and Politics in Political Science at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.


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Date Created: 04/25/16
2/11/16 (Unit II) Preferential System  Australians: o Knocks out the lowest vote getter o Vote for your first, second, and third choice.  Fourth choice you vote against a candidate Proportional Representation  Multi­party systems   Fairer representation  Majority Vote  Two­party systems  Stable governments  2/16/16 Political Parties Means for making political interests known:  Interests groups o Understanding of what the government should/should not be doing  Political parties  o Connect people within society as a whole with the government o Seek to put candidates into political office and to hold political power o Mobilize the masses  o Provides leaders and programs o Source of identity  Social movements Missionary parties (ideological): **parties that have a clear set of ideas of what the government should do ­manage national industry, parts of the economy etc ­looking for supporters; interested in gaining more supporters (have supporters come to  you; willing to accept your ideas)  Communist (USSR) o Clear notion of how the economy and equality should be run o Create a clear legitimacy of the Communist party  Labour (Britain before 1997)  SPD (Germany before 1959) Broker: pragmatic ­Looking for whatever the people want;   Conservative (Britain)  Democratic (USA)  Liberal Democrats (Japan) Bases for Parties: ­How are each parties different?   Economic o Business; how one stands on the basis of economic criteria   Religious  Urban/rural  Ethnic or linguistic  Modern/post­modern Party Discipline:  Wisdom of the representative o James Madison emphasized the need for people to talk to one another and then  find representatives   Listening to the constituents   The party as representative   Party discipline is voting within the legislature based upon the party position Party fractionalization:  one party ­ authoritarian   two parties ­ majoritarian   more parties ­ require coalitions o Two or more parties that agree to support a single government  Types of Coalitions   Majority cabinets  Minority cabinets  Grand coalitions  o Made up of large parties and smaller parties  o Parties that are left out are the opposition  One party systems:  Monoparty (Communist)  Hegemonic (Socialist Unity Party ­ East Germany)  Dominant party (Liberal Democratic Party and Institutional Revolutionary Party)


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