Unit I Notes
Unit I Notes PSCI 1024
Popular in Comparative Government and Politics
Popular in Political Science
This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lian Joseph on Monday April 25, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSCI 1024 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Charles Taylor in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Comparative Government and Politics in Political Science at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
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Date Created: 04/25/16
2/11/16 (Unit II) Preferential System Australians: o Knocks out the lowest vote getter o Vote for your first, second, and third choice. Fourth choice you vote against a candidate Proportional Representation Multiparty systems Fairer representation Majority Vote Twoparty systems Stable governments 2/16/16 Political Parties Means for making political interests known: Interests groups o Understanding of what the government should/should not be doing Political parties o Connect people within society as a whole with the government o Seek to put candidates into political office and to hold political power o Mobilize the masses o Provides leaders and programs o Source of identity Social movements Missionary parties (ideological): **parties that have a clear set of ideas of what the government should do manage national industry, parts of the economy etc looking for supporters; interested in gaining more supporters (have supporters come to you; willing to accept your ideas) Communist (USSR) o Clear notion of how the economy and equality should be run o Create a clear legitimacy of the Communist party Labour (Britain before 1997) SPD (Germany before 1959) Broker: pragmatic Looking for whatever the people want; Conservative (Britain) Democratic (USA) Liberal Democrats (Japan) Bases for Parties: How are each parties different? Economic o Business; how one stands on the basis of economic criteria Religious Urban/rural Ethnic or linguistic Modern/postmodern Party Discipline: Wisdom of the representative o James Madison emphasized the need for people to talk to one another and then find representatives Listening to the constituents The party as representative Party discipline is voting within the legislature based upon the party position Party fractionalization: one party authoritarian two parties majoritarian more parties require coalitions o Two or more parties that agree to support a single government Types of Coalitions Majority cabinets Minority cabinets Grand coalitions o Made up of large parties and smaller parties o Parties that are left out are the opposition One party systems: Monoparty (Communist) Hegemonic (Socialist Unity Party East Germany) Dominant party (Liberal Democratic Party and Institutional Revolutionary Party)
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