PSY 110 Intelligence
PSY 110 Intelligence PSY 110
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Serena Buckley on Friday March 6, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 110 at University of Miami taught by Dr. Rod Gillis in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 80 views. For similar materials see PSY 110 - Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Miami.
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Date Created: 03/06/15
What is intelligence Intelligence is the ability to learn from and adapt to the environment Intelligence is an ability not knowledge uses genetics History of Intelligence not in text A Darwin Published The Origin of the Species in 1859 stated that there was a mechanism of survival of the ttest B Sir Francis Galton Anthropometric Lab in London in 1884 attempted to show that differences in individuals ran in families measured tness C Alfred Binet developed BinetSimon Scale in 1905 in Paris rst modern intelligence test had 30 tasks would sit a child down and ask them to follow the tasks varies from picking up an eraser to de ning abstract words by the difference between them studied measure of intelligence schools in Paris were overcrowded decided to separate students with different intelligence levels D Lewis Terman brought BinetSimon scale to America pubished StanfordBinet Intelligence Scale in 1916 one of the most widely used intelligence scale today IQMACA X 100 IQMental AgeChronological Age X 100 100 is thus the average mental age IQ does not work for adults only children E Army Alpha and Beta Army Alpha deveoped by the army in 1917 in order to test large groups of soldiers used to decide specialties within the army based on intelligence test results were alarmingly low due to lack of motivation many men were illiterate and could not read the test Army Beta deveoped afterwards did not involve reading used today to measure people that cannot read F David Wechsler pubished Wechsler scale 1939 Ied to three tests for different age groups WPPSI age46 Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence WISCIII age 616 Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children WAISR age16 and up Wechser Adult Intelligence Scale comes in a suitcase with numerous subtests III Measurement of inteIIigencePsychometrics A Reliability Consistency inteigence should not change from year to year 1 testretest eads to a strong correlation 2 splithalf internal consistency divide test into two subtests ie odd and even B Validity Accuracy if the test is not reliable it cannot be valid Does the test really measure what we want it to measure 1 ContentFace Validity Item analysis on the surface does the content of the test seem valid 2 Criterion Predictive Concurrent correating the test with another test of the same topic comparing GPA and SAT 3 Construct C Standardization exact testing conditions 1 same directions 2 same time limits 3 same testing conditions IV Theories of Intelligence A Charles Spearman 2 Factor Theory of Intelligence s and g ggeneral intelligence sspecific intelligence B Thurstone 7 Primary Mental Abilities Verba Comprehension Word Fluency Number Ability Spatial Ability Associative Memory Perceptual Speed General Reasoning Ability C JP Guilford Three Factor Structure of the Intellect 5 Contents x 6 Products x 6 Operations 180 abilities D Howard Gardner Theory of Multiple lntelligences Linguistic Musical LogicalMathematical Spatial Bodily Kinesthetic Interpersonal lntrapersonal Naturalistic V Controversies A NatureNurture what proportion of the variability in intelligence is due to genetics Nature genetics heredity biology Nurture environment learning 1 ArthurJensen focused on genetic side of intelligence 8020 2 The Bell Curve 1994 6040 B Test Bias Differential predictive validity Culture free or Culture fair tests C Current term for Low IQ
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