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Psychology 1300 Test 3

by: Bailey Berry

Psychology 1300 Test 3 Psychology 1300

Marketplace > University of Houston > Psychology 1300 > Psychology 1300 Test 3
Bailey Berry
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All of the topics will be on the final exam. This includes all multiple choice and short answer questions.
Intro to Psychology
Dr. Herb Agan
Study Guide
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Bailey Berry on Monday April 25, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psychology 1300 at University of Houston taught by Dr. Herb Agan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 197 views.

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Date Created: 04/25/16
Psychology 1300 Final Exam Dr. Herb Agan Multiple Choice (must complete all): 1. What is motivation?  a. All the processes that initiate, direct, and sustain behavior 2. What are the basic laws of emotion? a. Cognitive, Behavioral, Physical b. You must start with a psychological arousal, a cognitive appraisal from the  arousal, and an outward behavior expressing the state.  3. What is the difference between extrinsic and intrinsic motivation? a. Extrinsic: Is the desire to behave in a specific way to get a prize/reward or to  avoid a bad consequence or experience b. Intrinsic: You’re motivated to do it because it makes you happy or its  satisfying/pleasurable 4. What does the biological approach to motivation entail? a. All living organisms have certain biological needs that must be met if they are to  survive b. Drive­reduction theory: a need gives rise to an internal state of tension called,  drive, and the individual is motivated to reduce that feeling  5. What motives are required to interact with others? a. Social motives 6. What type of psychologist applies their knowledge to the workplace? a. An industrial or organizational (I/O) psychologist 7. What is the hallmark of self­actualization? a. This is the pursuit of self­defined goals for personal growth and fulfillment b. Frequently occurring peak experiences: experiences of deep meaning, fulfillment  and insight 8. What are the major topics that social psychology explores? a. Implied, actual, or imagined presence of others influence on our thoughts,  feelings, and behaviors 9. What are the major factors of attraction? a. Proximity, or physical/geographical closeness 10. According to Buss, what is most important to males and females in choosing a mate? a. Females tend to look for men who have a social status or an economic advantage b. Males look for physical attractiveness 11. According to O’Leary and Smith, what factors play a role in rational or marital  status? a. A similarity in needs, physical traits, education, religion, personality, ethnicity,  socioeconomic status 12. What describes Asch’s method of conformity?  a. Social Norms: the tendency to go along with the  majority opinion remained in  full force even when there was a unanimous majority  13. What explains the by­stander effect? a. Diffusion of responsibility: This is a social factors that effects pro­social behavior. As the number of by­standers at an emergency increases, the probability that the  victim receives help decreases, and the help, if they do receive it, will be delayed.  14. According to Milgram, what prompted research on obedience? a. They were intrigued by what drove the guards in the Nazi internment camps to  obey their superiors and it was Stanley Milgram who conducted the research.  15. What does research show about aggressive behavior and violence in the media? a. It shows that there is a clear relationship between the violence and aggression to  the viewer. Meaning, the aggression makes viewers more aggressive.  16. What makes behavior abnormal? a. It must be consistent with the criteria for the abnormal behavior as well as be  maladaptive b. Maladaptive: behavior that is poorly suited for a particular situation 17. Why do we have a DSM­5 (Diagnostic Statistical Manual)? a. It’s a list of criteria that must be met in order to make a diagnosis of a  psychological disorder. It also organizes these disorders into similar categories. b. This manual allows doctors to be able to communicate more effectively with one  another 18. What is the key symptoms of general anxiety disorder (GAD)? a. Chronic, excessive worrying for a prolonged period of time paired with sweating,  nausea, trembling, diarrhea, or palpitations.  19. What are the symptoms of a panic attack? a. A sudden feeling of fear, a pounding heart, shaking body, and a choking sensation 20. What are the symptoms for a major depressive disorder? a. Overwhelming sadness, change in appetite/weight/sleep patterns, hopelessness,  loss of energy, loss of the ability to experience pleasure, difficulty in  concentrating 21. What are the characteristics of schizophrenia? a. Hallucinations and imaginary situations, losing contact with reality, hearing  voices that aren’t there, and bodily sensations 22. Examples of normal and excessive fears a. Normal: Heights, bugs, sleeping in the dark/monsters, claustrophobia, public  speaking b. Excessive: Fear of injury/death/water/elevators.  23. Why is Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) usually diagnosed when children start  school? a. Because, impulsive or highly active behaviors begin to stand out when children  don’t have the freedom to move about and go from one activity to another as they  used to at home, they now have to follow many rules and “sit still”.  24. What is the goal of insight therapy? a. Self­understanding 25. What is the focus on psychodynamic theory? a. Repressed childhood experiences 26. What is the goal of Gestalt therapy? a. To help the patient fully experience and understand their thoughts/feelings/actions and to take responsibility of them 27. What is CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy)? a. This assumes that maladaptive behavior results from irrational  thoughts/ideas/beliefs 28. What is the basic assumption of humanistic therapy? a. That people have the ability and freedom to lead rational lives and make rational  choices 29. How do self­help groups work? a. A group of people who share the same problem meet together and talk/share their  experiences as well as receive support from the group to better understand their  problem and maybe even work on solving it.  30. What is the relationship between length of therapy and improvement? a. The longer you stay in therapy, the more improvement you’ll see! Short Answer (must do at least 5) 1. List and describe the family continuum of closeness and distance, and list at least 4  traits of each. a. Disengaged: little family interaction, little caring, hostility, little interested in one  another b. Pseudo hostility: appears distant, but there’s an underlying loyalty and support to  one another, fosters independence in this type of family c. Closeness: loving, supportive, lots of interaction and attention within the family,  interested in family history, loyalty d. Pseudo mutuality: appears to be close but there is no personal trust between the  family, because if something were wrong they don’t want to break that “cookie­ cutter” family stereotype.  2. Why is it important to our wellness to express our feelings? List and define 4  maxims of emotions and provide examples. a. No one can cause feelings, they can only stimulate what is already there i. Example: If you’re sad from something that was caused earlier and you go into a meeting and it’s inefficient, you’ll still be sad/disappointed b. Every emotional reaction is telling you something about yourself i. Example: Adopting a dog because you found that you’re lonely and need a companion c. We learn to hide or repress our emotions i. This is because, we doubt others will be able to understand us, or we fear  that our vulnerability will be used against us ii. Example: Being angry and upset because you messed up a drawing that  you were going to give to your father d. Repressed emotions don’t die; the body will eventually show our feelings i. We are naturally programmed to repress or hide our feelings, and  sometimes our values may even conflict with how we feel ii. Example: If we’ve been secretly hiding that we’re depressed for a long  time, then our faces will begin to show frown lines 3. According to the Timberlawn study, what defines a healthy family? List and define  4 characteristics. a. Competent/Healthy Family: Parents keep growing, kids grow to be healthy and  competent and leave home and are self­sustaining to continue the process b. Adequate Family: At least 1 parent is having growth issues in the family  dynamics, children just grow up and leave home c. Faltering Family: Both parents stop growing in the family, the kids really  struggle, some break through and come out healthy while others do not d. Dysfunctional Family: Both parents are immature and growth is not there, kids  continue the pattern of their parent’s craziness.  4. Describe and define 4 characteristics of suffering. a. Developmental Suffering: Body, personality, and character require development,  they have to learn under guidance of another, Ego development needs to  strengthen, needs to be able to adapt to circumstances i. Example: Learning to deal with the loss of something/someone b. Natural Suffering: Ongoing process of nature, this includes the cycle of life,  death, renewal, gain, and loss. Accepting natural suffering shows maturity and  individualization i. Example: Getting fired from a job, regaining composure and getting over  the hit, getting back into the job field c. Transcendent Suffering: Pain leads to your purpose, to a larger reality, brings  forth one’s true self.  i. Example: Going through a life­changing experience from a higher power  or force  d. Neurotic Suffering: Neurosis is a failure to: work on your issues, find the love that you’ve been missing, learn to parent yourself, embrace your dreams, and find  your inner gold.  i. Example: Never getting over your fear of swallowing pills 5. What is REBT (Rational Emotional Behavioral Therapy) and how does it work?  List 3 of Ellis’s irrational ideas.  a. A form of psychology that Albert Ellis designed to challenge client’s irrational  beliefs about themselves and others i. The idea that we have virtually no control over our emotions and that we  can’t help feeling disturbed about things ii. The idea that it is horrible when things are not the way we like them to be iii. The idea that we must have certain and perfect control over things iv. The idea that it is a dire necessity for adults to be loved by significant  others for almost everything they do 6. What is CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy) and list 3 of Beck’s cognitive  distortions with examples. a. It’s a form of therapy that assumes maladaptive behavior can result from irrational thoughts/beliefs/feelings. i. Negative Mental Filter: you dwell mostly on the negatives and generally  ignore the positives ii. Magnification or Minimization: you blow things way out of proportion or  minimize their importance iii. Labeling: instead of saying “I made a mistake” you tell yourself “I’m  stupid”.  iv. Personalization: you blame yourself almost completely for something that  you were not entirely responsible for  *** These are my interpretations of my notes***


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