×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to Temple - PSY 2401 - Study Guide - Final
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to Temple - PSY 2401 - Study Guide - Final

Already have an account? Login here
×
Reset your password

TEMPLE / Psychology / PSY 2401 / What is the correlation between testosterone and aggression?

What is the correlation between testosterone and aggression?

What is the correlation between testosterone and aggression?

Description

School: Temple University
Department: Psychology
Course: Foundations of Social Psychology
Professor: Melinda mattingly
Term: Winter 2016
Tags:
Cost: 50
Name: FINAL STUDY GUIDE
Description: CUMULATIVE CHAPTERS 10,11,14. (Based on slides originally created by Professor Mattingly).
Uploaded: 04/26/2016
11 Pages 38 Views 8 Unlocks
Reviews

Kimberly O'Reilly (Rating: )

I'm a really bad notetaker and the opportunity to connect with a student who can provide this help is amazing. Thank you so much StudySoup, I will be back!!!



MEN > Women


What is the correlation between testosterone and aggression?



HS1011 AGRESSION

MEN W/ HGH TESTOSTERONE > MEN W/ Low TESTOSTEROVÉ

StudySoup

4/8/2016

VE

TESTOSTERONE → CLOSELY LINCED

Aggression

• Gender

TO AGRESSION

Study SOUD

Study Soup

(MORE OF A SEX DIFFERENCE THAN


How do personality and self-esteem affect a person's level of aggression?



If you want to learn more check out What kind of attitude should we have towards our friends according to sarah stroud?

A GENDER DIFFERENCE)

* WOMEN ARE MORE LIKELY TO EXPRESS RELATIONAL AGRESSION

Stud

Hilal

Low AGREGABLE

Aggression

AGURKABLE

• Individual diikerences

Low AGRESSIVE

HIGH ACARESSIVE

HIGH NARCISSIST

Low NTRUSSISM

> PERSONALITY

NARUS SI SM


What are some examples of prosocial behavior?



the H AERESSIONS

LOW AGRESSION

HIGH NEVROTICISM

LOW NGAROT

H

H

SELF-CONTROL

LEW SELF-CONTROL Don't forget about the age old question of What is the function of mullerian ducts?

و

انبار است اما

2

Hi Grot

700N-1B

AGRESSION

RESSION

ACCESSION

HIGH ABRESSIVE

Low AGRESSIVE

No "AGRESSIVE PERSONAL TY" ONLY TRANTS (THAT CONTRIBUTE TO AERESSION

HIGH SELF-ESTEEM

LOW SELF-ESTEEM

w92299-1998

HIGH AGRESSIONS

Low AGRESSION

Aggression

• Evolutionary explanations

TRY TO SECURE A MATE

SHOUD

[PENSICAL)

(RELATIONAL) If you want to learn more check out What are the two substructures of peripheral nervous system?
We also discuss several other topics like What do textbooks illustrate?
Don't forget about the age old question of According to karl marx, what are the primary characteristics of society?

Studys

* HOSTILE ATTRIBUTON BIAS → INTERPRETS

PEOPLE'S ACTIONS AS HOSTILE

• Learning explanations

MEN REWARDS

WOMEN

LEX: "5011 WILL BE BOSS

GRID OF COMPETITION GRUIN REP. OF OTHER WOMEN B045 ARE ENCOURAGED FOR AGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR LER: BULLYIN MAY LEAD TO

GETTING WHAT YOU WANT PUNISHMENTS

LE DOES NOT WORK TO CHANGE Don't forget about the age old question of What are the indicators of society?

BEHAVIOR, ONLY ENCOURAGES MORE AGRESSION (PHYSICAL PUNASETTLEST)

bers BEST WHEN USING PUNISHMENT TO

WORKS BEST WHEN USIN * CONSISTENCY, NOT SEVERITY

CHANGE BEHAVIOR

IT Study Soup

4/8/2016

@StudySoup

StudySoup

Prosocial Behaviors

• Evolutionary explanations

- Kin selection - Norm of reciprocity - Empathy

MORE LIKELY TO HELP PEOPLE WE'RE UN CONSUOUS) RELATED TO IN ORDER PRESERVE BENES

(BEHAVIOR /

StudySoup

MORE LIKELY TO HELP THOSE WHO HELP US/

LIKE KNOWING SOMEONE WILL RETURN FAVOR

(STRONGER THAN SIMPATHY) HELPING OTHERS BECAUSE YOU CAN RELATE TO THEIR PLIGHT

dySoup

V HELPING BASED ON COSTABENEFIT ANALYSIS (1)

Stue

MORE FREQUENT, COVERT ACTS OF HELP

Prosocial Behaviors

• Psychological explanations

• Social exchange theory - Emotion

- MORE LIKELY TO HELP WHILE IN A GOOD MOOD

IN DROCR TO KEEP Goos mood $ A/DO GUILT

Twom

Study Soup

(

LESS LIKELY TO HELP UNLESS GUILTY OR SAD

MORE LIKELY TO HELP WHEN IN BAD MOOD IF GUILTY OR SAD IN ORDER TO AL EMATE GUILT / SADNESS

studySoup

HERDIC, ONE-TIME ACTS

HELP

OF

the CONSCIENCIOUS 6 MORE LIKELY

low CONSCIENCOULS 6 LESS LIKELY

Prosocial Behaviors

• Individual differences in giving help

- Personality

• Gender differences

• In-group vs. Dut-group

• Religiosity

Now

NO DIFFERENCE IN HOW MUCH HELP ONLY IN WHAT TYPES OF HELP

BIG

AMORE LIKELY TO HELP IN GROUP MEMBERS

THAN OUTGROUPS 'NO SUCH THING AS A "HELPING PERSONALITY ONLY TRAITS

HIGH us. Low: NO ACTUAL BEHAVIORAL THAT LEAD TO HELPING BEHAVIOR

DIFFERENCE IN HELPING

- HIGH RELIGIOUS

FLOW RELIGIOUS MORE LIKELY TO PERFORM OBnious HELPING ACTS MORE LIKELY TO PERFORM COVERT HELPING ACTS

StudySoup

Study Soup

4/8/2

tudySoup

(

Health and Well-Being

HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY

StudySoup

NEW SUB-DISCIPLINE

Chapter 14

LONLY LAST 40 YEARS OF

Study Soup

udySoup

tudySoup

Stud

Health Psychology

• Application of psychology to the promotion of health and the

prevention and treatment of illness

ANYTHING THAT CASES STRESS

-MAIOR LIFE EVENTS

Stress

• Unpleasant state in which perception of the demands of an event are taxing

L-[erry SICALLY $ PSYCHOLOCAU)

• Stressors

MICROSTRESSDRS DUERALL (LONG-TERM) ACCUMULATION OF MICRO STRESSORS MORE HARMFUL THAN MAIOR LIFE

St

KVENTS

Studyson

EX ( RESPONSIBILITY):

INGROUP - MORE LIKELY TO GET HELP

FROM INGROUP

4/8/2016

StudySouto

LUNG CANCER LESS LIKELY TO GAN SYMPATHY/ HELP

vs. BREAST CANCER

MORE UKELY TO GAIN SELEMPATHY HELP

stupem

1 MORE LIKELY TO GET HELP LIGH ATTRACTIVE)

Prosocial Behaviors

• Individual differences in getting help

.) StudySoup

PHYSICAL ATTRACTIVENESS RESPONSIBILITY

MORE LIKELY TO HELP PEOPLE WHO HAVE NOT BROUGHT PROBLEMS ON THEMSEWES TYPICAL OF INDIVIDUAUST CULTURES)

su dySoup Be

IMPUGT SOCIAL SUPPORT

POR,

+ SounL RESPONSIBILITY NORM A DIFFERENT KINDS OF HELP DEPENDING

ON WHAT CULTURES YOU LIVE IN PEOPLE WE FEEL OBUGATED TO Y HELP AS A SOCIETY IXOLO PEOPLE, CHILDREN, ETC.)

Studs

HELPING OTHERS EVEN WHENL

Prosocial Behaviors

• Altruism

THERE IS NO OBvious BENEFIT/

REWARD

- Empen --ALTRUISM HYPOTES

*ALL ALTRUISTIC ACTS ARE

PROSOCIAL BEHAVIDRS, BUT NOT ALL PROSOCIAL BEHAVIORS ARIE

ALTRUISTICA

WHEN INEFOL EMPATHY TOMAROS OTHERS,

WE ARE ALTASTIC. TOWARDS THEM

L PERSPECTIVE - TAKING

PLURPLASTIC IGNORANCE → WHEN EVERYBODY FEELS THE SAME WAY BUT INCORRECTLY)

ASSUMES THAT NO ONE PEELS THE SAME WAY AS Them

Coup

> DESCRIBES A

PEOPLE ARE NOT

Prosocial Behaviors

• Situational explanations

• Bystander effect (Latanė & Darley, 1970

LIKELY TO OFFER HELP TO OTHERS

(T76 more. PEDALE YOU'RE SURROUNDED

wanan RAPED B STABBED IN NYC, POLICE NOT CALLED UNTIL SHE IDIER

StudySoup

BY THE LESS LIKELY YOU ARE TO

DONT POEL SAFE TO HELP GET HELP) - DIFFUSION OF RESPONSIBILITY

EVENT GOES UNNOTOSS

StudySoup

Study SOUD

- INTERPRET EVENT AS EMERGENCY

INFORMATIONAL SOCIAL INFLUGTICE

LA PLURAUSTIC IGNORANCE (MILGRAM) -> WPBAN OVERLORD HYPOTHESIS

FEEL INCOMPETENT TO HELP U DVERWHELMING SETTING, PEOPLE KEEP TO THEMSEWES, PICK * CHOOSE Studs WHAT TO PAY ATTENTION TO

Study

4/8/2016

StudySoup

Stress and Health - Optimism

(POSITIVE EMOTIONS) EXPERIENCE

LESS STRESS/MORE HEALTH THAN PFS SISTS

• Realistic Optimisen

Study Soup

OPTIMISTIC WHILE STILL BEING REALISTIC EX: Optimist REAL181C OPTIMIST

- DIABETES

Study Soup

IT WILL ALL WORK OUT ON ITS OWN

IT WILL WORK OUT IF I TAKE BETTER CARE OF MYSELF

TRYING TO SAVE THE PROBLEM

Work

BEST

Stress and Health

• Coping with stress

• Problem-focused Coping

• Emotion-focused Coping. = Proactive Coping

WHEN USED "TO GETHER

FOCALINGON TE EMON ONS

*ONLANE toys

> Most SOLOL SUPORT COMES Flom:

REAL & IMAGINED SUPPORT

NECESSARY FOR HUMAN BEINGS TO Hart - CAN come peom ANY PERSON (EVEN STRANGes),

• ROMANTIC PARTNRS

ONE PERSONS WE CHOSE POR INIMA

IN STUDY, WONEN IN SATISFIED RELATIONStes) EXPERIENCE AMOUNT OF STRESS.

PETS - CAN AS BE AS BENEACIAL AS (AND SOMETIMES MORE BENEFICIAL TIN) HUMANS AS A SOURCE OF SOCIAL SUPPORT

* KNOW PETS PRINT JIDING, US

INOLADLI ALASTILIURES

Stress and Health

• Culture and Social Support

EXPLICIT SOCIAL SUPPORT IMPUCHT SOUL SUPPORT

- NOT RECEIVING AS TYPE Of Support

IS DETRIMENTAL TI STRESS LEVELS POLIIVIST CULTURES

7 HAVING TO EXPUCITLY ASK FOR

SUPPORT IS INCOMFORTABLE

Study Soup

Study Soup

4/8/

>THE MORE PEOPLE YOU THINK ABOUT

Implicit Bystander Effect

THE MORE YOU DIEFUSE RESPONSIBIUTY

Study SOU

Charitable contributions

StudySoup

udy Soup

10 Grinde

Garcu, Weaver, Mobi, Durley (2001)

TIME PRESSURE LESS LIKELY TO Hile

Prosocial Behaviors

• Situational explanations

UNDER TME PRESSURE

SUN AND SMEust moof LIKELY TO

HELP BECAUSE hoon SMELLS & WEATHER

PurvalN A GOOD MOOD

dy Soup

Study SOUD

- AWARENESS OF BARRIERS TO HELPING

Increasing Prosocial Behaviors

- DIRECT REQUESTS

- PROSDIAL MEDIA

- ROLE MODELS

SOUT

@StudySoup

Study

StudySoup

LEARNING EXPLANATIONS CONT..

SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY (PREVIOUSLY, OBSERVATIONAL LEARNING BEHAVIORS ARE DEVELOPED

4/8/2016 THROUGH COGNITIVE PROCESSES AND CAN BE LEARNED THROUGH 4 OBSERVATION MODEUNG)

StudySoup

FRUSTRATION - AGRESSION

HYPOTHESIS

Study

Aggression

- Situational explanations

WHEN YOU ARE FRUSTRATED. YOU ARE

MORE LIKELY

TO BE AGRESSIVE

y Soup

WHEN REALITY DOES NOT MATCH

EXPECTATIONS

RECIPROCATING PROVOCATION? MORE PRONE TO BEING AGRESSIVE WHEN YOU FEEL SOMEONE 15 PURPOSELY TRYING TO PROVOKE YOU

WHEN OOSE TO GOAL, BUT DELAYED

FROM ACHIEVING IT UNEXPECTED DISAPPOINTMENTS MORE FRUSTRATING THAN EXPECTED DISAPPOINTMENT

DiscoMFORT = FRUSTATION, FRUSTRATION CAUSES AGRESSION ) LG OTHER EX: HEAT, FOUL ODORS, PAIN,ETC

Aggression

• Efects of Media

- Violent television and video games - Violent pornography

LEADS TO MORE AGRESION THAN D e ens of VIOLENT MEDIA

DREWARDED FOR VIOLENCE

- CORRELATION етімен

VIOLENCE

VIDED Games > STUDYING

S HIGH

GRADES

- CORRELAPVONAL -CAUSE 3 EFFECT

Ефреро)

WALE-T- MALE AGRITION

* MALE - 10-FEMALE MGRESSION

AGRESSIVE STIMUL + PRESENCE OF

A 33444dnOiNg innwils Nitto

(sroning :33) Noissayah

- INCREARING_EMPATHY

Reducing Aggression - Individual level approaches

- IMPROVING SELF-COUTROL

• Cultural level approaches

EDUCATIONAL ECONOMIC, DOPORTUNITIES

REDUCING EXPOSURE TO GUNS

TODELANG N

-VIOLENCE

MEDIA CONCORSHIP

Santowi 'SuguHNIA 20Hort NoltURGINI) Stratil OL hangt

PROCESSING IMPAIREDY LEADS TO AGRESSION

Study Soap

@

4/8/2016

StudySoup

Studysou

Aggression

Chaper il

SOUD

-) Studysoun

S

# F ITS NOT INTENTIONAL, IT IS NOT AGRESSION

@ Studs

HOSTILE (REACTIVE) → Harm is

Aggression - Intentional aimed at causing physical hurm or

psychological pain to another person

THE INTENT WIT ND OTHER GOALS

INSTRUMENTAL (PROACTIVE > HARM IS A MEANS TO AN END, A WAY By Wihat TO ACHIEVE ANOTHER COAL

E: HOSTILE

LA PUNCHING SOMEONE IN THE FACE

INSTRUMENTAL

CONTACT SPORTS, WAR, ETC.

Aggression

• Culture

INDIVIPULAUST - MORE PRANED TO

AGRESSION

COLLECTIVIST → LESS PRENE TO

AGRESSION

Study Soup

(

Study Soup

C

URG OF HONOR

StudySoup

(CAN EXIST IN INDIVIDUAUST AND/OR COLLECTIVIST CULTURES) CULTURE IN WHICH CHARACTER AND HONOR ARE HELD IN HIGH ESTEEN WHEN INTEGRITY IS CHALLENGED, CAUSES EXTREME AGRESSION

S

StudySoup

Study Soup

Shahlo Naah RS SAMSS1 Noyabb

30M OL may anau unxas 30 switon :22

@sySoup

(1700073 Tanjos 9NIA 38 ANO QL 0-250ddo sw) Tridonis 1905 9NWS

NOHN 1732 BIUSOS Tumot 4

Study

suપૂo òudi૫ Jo juq •

HITHI NO SDIS SILLOIN ENGLA SOLASTOT 2 OXIGHT 4

(anisnaw &

sdıysuopepu jo spaja asddpY. ЧjeәH pue ssəns

9107/8/

StudySoup

HUMANS EXPERIENCE STRESS TOO OFTEN FOR

TO BE ADAPTIVE

4/8/2016

@StudySoup

ALARM PHASE

Stress and Health . General Adaptation Syndrome

L PHYSICAL ASPECTS OF F16HT 3 FUELT

G ONLY ADAPTIVE FOR NON HUMAN, ANIMALS

fog studs

- RESISTENCE PHASE

L FIGHT & FLIGHT ON INSIDE, CALM ON OUTSIDE ( RELEASE HORMONES THAT

COUNTER-ALT STRESS)

SO

I PEOPLE W/ DEPRESSION HAVE INTERNAL, PERMANENT GLOBAL

EKO PLAN TONS FOR ISSUES LARGE PERCEPTIONS OF STRESS

* PSICHOLOGICAL B PHYSICAL HEALTH

ARE SYMBIOTIC

EXHAUSTION PHASE LF STESSIR DOES NOT 60 AWAY,

EXHAUSTION OCCURS (DEATH IN EXTREME CASES)

VLAR ET VARIAGILITY BEDWAREN PEOPLE

Stress and Health - Perceptions of Stress

- Hotlity

• Depression

> FRERUENTLY ANGRY. READY FOR con RamtaTION

PER CEWE ALOT DE STRESS

- Emotional Lahibition

- Positive con

> Simar AMOUNTS OF PERCEPTION OF STRESS DOESNT WORK )

2 UNBALANCED HORMONES & LESS PHYSICALLY

ACTIVE 4 EXPERIENCE LESS

C HIGHER RISK OF HIGH BLOOD PERCEPTIONS OF STRESS

I PRESSURE B CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE TYPE A" PERSONALITY → ANAL, HOSTILE, UPTIGHT PERSONALITY - DOES NOT REALLY EXIST*

TYPE BY PERSONALITY — LALO BACE, RELAXED PERSAJAUTY

Your IDEAS ABOUT WHAT CONTROLS Your ouTCOMES

Stress and Health

• Locus of control (TRAIT)

INTERNAL

EXTERNAL

VERSELF

SDF Hins/SYONE ELSE

& unusch to Sannass dland omets IN

DEPRESSION BECAUSE WE INDU THEY INCREASE PERCEPTIONS OF STRESS.

• Self-efficacy CBEHAVIOR)

& YOU BELIEVE YOU CAN CHANGE BEHAVIOR HIGH

Low INTERNAL Locus EXTERNAL Locus e IN ORDER TO GET DES IRABLE OUTCOME OF CONTROL OF CONTROL I G MORE LIKELY TO HAVE SUCCESS

NEGATIVE CONFESSION ACKNOWLEORING EMOTIONS AND DEALING W/ THEM IN A

HEALTHY WAY TO OTHERS de TO SELF 7 JOURNALING TO SELF (UNIVERSALLY HELPFUL)

LUSE MORE COMPLETO AREA OF BRAIN

2

>TRNING TO SARPRESS EMOTIONS ACTUALLY CAUSES OPPOSITE EFFECT

Study Soup

☆ Shows THAT EVERYONE IS

CAPABLE OF HEROIC EXAMPLES

Helping Others

Chapter 10

@studySoup

StudySoup

StudySous

Study youp

@StudySoup

Stud

@

Study

Prosocial Behaviors . Examples

• Boston Marathon Bombing

• NYC Subway Hero

• United Airlines Flight 938)

93udySoup

udySoup

(

StudySoup

sup

StudySoup

Prosocial Behaviors

• Any act performed with the goal of benefitting another

person

Study Soup

StudySoup

StudySoup

Page Expired
5off
It looks like your free minutes have expired! Lucky for you we have all the content you need, just sign up here