First Exam Study Guide
First Exam Study Guide
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Matt Waler on Sunday March 8, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to a course at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 29 views.
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Date Created: 03/08/15
First Exam Study Guide Neutrality Act of 1935 imposed embargo trading in arms American travelers on warring ships at own risk Henry Stimson Secretary of War Stimson Doctrine no Japanese expansion in Asia Heavily against Germany Georgi Zhukov Led Red Army to liberate Soviet Union ultimately conquered Berlin Great military theorist Five Power Treaty Treaty to prevent arms race by limiting Naval construction UKUSJAPFREItaly George Creel Journalist head of US Committee of Public Info created by Woodrow Wilson Suffrage activist Albert Speer Nazi chief architect for Hitler Reich Chancellery amp Zepplinfeld Stadium served 20 yrs for crimes William Friedman US Cryptographer ran Signals Intelligence Service team broke Japan s PURPLE cipher USS Lexington KelloggBriand Pact states can t use war to dispute con icts of whatever nature or origin GERFREUS Nye Committee Financial committee about US involvement in WW1 big factor in neutrality for WWII Ostfriesland German Imperial Navy battleship given to allies after WWI conclusion sunk off Virginia Capes War Plan Orange war plans for dealing with Japan between WW1 and WWII Predicted to fight alone A Philip Randolph Leader in AA civilrights fixed discrimination in defense and segregation in armed services Isoroku Yamamoto Commander in Chief of Japanese Navy responsible for Midway and Pearl Harbor Chuichi Nagumo Japanese Admiral in J ap navy committed suicide at battle of Saipan Truk USS Reuben James ClemsonClass Destroyer first US Navy ship sunk by hostile action in European Theater TRIDENT Meeting in Casablanca 1943 Roosevelt and Churchill deciding to take Sicily from Axis Powers Coral Sea Naval battle between US and J ap J ap sunk more ships first time allies checked Japanese advance Midway Pacific Theatre Battle very decisive decisive victory for Allies irreparable damage to J ap eet Bernard Baruch Economic advisor for Wilson amp Roosevelt philanthropist previous financer and stock MAGIC cryptologic project during WW2 SIS and Navy Communications RED BLUE and PURPLE James Doolittle Aviation pioneer awarded Medal of Honor for Doolittle Raid officer of Air Force Atlantic Charter Defined postwar goals no territory changes global cooperation to ensure economy Sedition Act Extended espionage act forbid use of disloyal profane speech against Taranto Battle between British Naval Forces decisive British Victory B17 Heavy bomber employed mostly by USAAF in strategic bombing campaign also J ap raids William Leahy Fleet Admiral Chief of Naval Ops senior officer in Navy Gov of Puerto Rico Ambassador to FR Adah Thomas 1st Cavalry Mechanized augmented light infantry division J N25 Most secure communications scheme used by J ap Navy used before Pearl Harbor broke by PURPLE CCS Combined Chiefs of Staff emerged from Arcadia Conference western Allies Alfred T Mahan Navy admiral geostrategist sea power countries with naval power have more WW impact USS Gato US navy submarine Lend lease US supplied FR Britain China USSR and Allies with food oil materials to promote neutrality BARBAROSA Huge invasion of Soviet Union by Germany failed and led to fatal twofront war Corregidor Battle 1942 Japanese needed it for their campaign in WWII captured it but lost it in 1945 William Moffitt Britain s most gifted academics quantum chemist William Mitchell regarded as Father of US Air Force firmly believed in more Air Power AWPDl overall production requirements required to defeat Germany headed by Harold George Norden Bomb Sight USAAF tachometric bombsite used to drop bombs from bombers effectively Charles Lindbergh Flew NY to Paris child kidnapped advocate for neutrality from con ict not after PearlHarbor William Halsey American Fleet Admiral led Enterprise against J apaneseheld targets led Guadalcanal battle Port Moresby US Vs Japan allied aerial victory USS Arizona very active battleship sunk and still remains in Pearl Harbor 1177 killed on it Washington Naval Conference Preserved peace in 1920s resulted in FourFive and NinePower Treaties Essay Questions 1 Impacts on US and War Effort a Franklin Roosevelt a super supported war effort lendlease act arsenal of democracy openly defied neutrality acts b George Patton Jr a Development of armored warfare commanded 211d armored division led invasion of Casablanca as effective commander c William Halsey a Commanded task force on carrier Enterprise against Japanese Led forces over course of Battle for Guadalcanal d Gerald Nye a Supporter of isolationism chairing the nye committee represented north Dakota in US senate 2 Development of US Military Strategy 19181942 a Washington Naval Conferences of 1921 a tenyear agreement fixed ratio on battleships dominant weapon system restrictions limited naval powers getting any larger b Manchuria a Showed that League of Nations was useless if a large nation pursued aggression c Rainbow 5 a Assumed that the US was allied with Britain and France for offensive operations d AWPDl a Guidelines for production of armaments needed to supply the US with means to win W2 3 Choices available Choices Made Impact of Decisions a Japanese Invasion of Manchuria a Necessary for Japanese effort to continue led to continuation of Japanese assaults b Battle of Britain 194041 c German attack on Russia 1941 a Bad choice could have prevented 2 front war led to demise of Germany d Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor 1941 a US decided to ght back against Japanese forces only real choice because of upset US 4 Four key individuals 19201942 and describe role in US and part they played 5 Military uses one con ict to plan for another a What factors shaped way which Army and Air ForceNavy planned for future war between 1919 and 1941 b What kind of war plans did they devise prior to WW2 c How did these plans get translated
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