Behavioral Research Methods Final Exam Study Guide Part 2
Behavioral Research Methods Final Exam Study Guide Part 2 SPSY 8012
Popular in Behavioral Research Methods
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Department
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
This 17 page Study Guide was uploaded by Hannah Mecaskey on Tuesday April 26, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SPSY 8012 at University of Cincinnati taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views.
Reviews for Behavioral Research Methods Final Exam Study Guide Part 2
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 04/26/16
Self-Check Module 1.1 Quiz Match the definition with term. 1. When the outcomes can be generalized- A. External validity 5. When the design and data make it possible to make causal or 2. What’s manipulated or the functional arguments E. Internal intervention D. Independent Validity Variable 3. Factors that create ambiguity in Answers not used: outcomes F. Confounding C. Sample Variable G. Repeatability 4. What’s measured to judge outcomes B. Dependent Variable 6. Which of the following is not a role of the Scientist-Practitioner Model a. Practitioner as researcher b. Consumer of research c. Evaluator of own interventions d. Practitioner as a benefactor 7. Internal validity, social validity of change and effect size all contribute to a. Sampling b. Strength of findings c. Quasi-Experimental Design 8. Which of the following is a dimension of Applied Behavior Analysis and Single Case Design a. Reliable b. Accountable c. Analytic d. Mysterious 9. Group Comparison Design is a more scientifically valid research method than Single Case Design. TRUE or FALSE 10. Single case design should be considered when progress monitoring allowing for flexibility in changing intervention may be needed. TRUE or FALSE KEY: 1a, 2d, 3f, 4b, 5e, 6d, 7b, 8c, 9F, 10T Module 2.1 Self-Check Quiz 2 1. What type of overall design does the above graph show? a. A-B b. A-B-A-B c. Multiple Baseline d. A-B-C 2. What type of design does the above graph show? a. A-B b. A-B-A-B c. Multiple Baseline d. A-B-C 3. This aspect of ethics involves an understanding the research including who is doing what, where, when, how often, why, data use and risks. a. Confidentiality b. Voluntary involvement c. Effective treatment Module 2.1 Self-Check Quiz 3 d. Consent 4. Which is NOT a characteristic of an intervention chosen to use in research? a. Likely to produce effects. b. Most restrictive procedure. c. Can be supported in the environment. d. Most effective procedure. 5. Using punishment as a research procedure requires additional review. TRUE or FALSE 6. There is only one type of replication. TRUE or FALSE. 7. During intervention for negative behaviors, it is important to gather data regarding: a. Negative behavior b. Replacement behavior c. Both A and B d. Neither A nor B 8. The use of fictitious names and locations in research reports is an example of what feature of ethics? a. Consent b. Assent c. Outcome protections d. Confidentiality 9. Plagiarism is not a concern in professional research. TRUE or FALSE 10. Support and follow-up after an intervention is: a. Sometimes included as a phase of the research design b. Never needed c. Not recommended d. None of the above Key: 1c, 2a, 3d, 4b, 5T, 6F, 7c, 8d, 9F, 10a Module 2.1 Self-Check Quiz Matching B 1. Rate of behavior A. Duration A 2. Amount of time behavior occurs B. Frequency per unit of time D 3. Correct number of problems solved C. Trials to criteria E 4. How long it takes before response D. Accuracy occurs E. Latency 5. What can be affected by reactivity, drift and bias? a. Interobserver agreement b. Inter-response time c. Dependent variable assessment Module 3.1 Quiz 4 6. In this type of discontinuous measure, the session is broken into intervals and defined behavior is checked if occurs at the end of the interval a. Partial Interval b. Whole Interval c. Momentary Time Sampling 7. In this type of discontinuous measure, the session is broken into intervals and the defined behavior is checked if it occurs for the entire interval. a. Partial Interval b. Whole Interval c. Momentary Time Sampling 8. In this type of discontinuous measure, the session is broken into intervals and defined behavior is checked if it occurs at any point in the interval a. Partial Interval b. Whole Interval c. Momentary Time Sampling 9. Which of the following is NOT a procedure for measuring behavior in ABA a. Permanent products b. Continuous observation c. Discontinuous measurement d. Indirect observation through projectives 10. Interobserver agreement can be calculated through a. Interval agreement b. Frequency c. Permanent products d. All of the above Key: 1b, 2a, 3d, 4e, 5a, 6c, 7b, 8a, 9d, 10d Module 2.2 Self-Check Quiz 1. Maintaining intervention fidelity in research is also considered as checks for maintenance of the a) Independent variable b) Dependent variable 2. Social validity can be judged using consumer ratings or a) Achievement tests b) Peer norms c) Response to Intervention 3. Integrity, fidelity and adherence all have the same meaning in behavioral research. True OR False 4. Social validity should be monitored at what stages of intervention? a) Early phase b) Middle phase c) Maintenance phase Module 3.1 Quiz 5 d) all of the above e) b and c only 5. What is appraised when questions such as the question of additional support resources needed or if the individual’s right to “effect behavioral treatment” being met? a) Social validity b) Situational risk c) Generality d) Maintenance 6. Which of the following is not part of measuring intervention integrity? a) Sample at least 25% of sessions b) Check list of key steps c) Focus on early implementation d) Making no changes based on early feedback 7. What might be true of an intervention that is too difficult to carry out and does not fit the circumstances? a) It has generality. b) There is social validity. c) It is not “ready to go.” d) There is no need for a situational risk appraisal. 8. Most interventions work well “off the shelf” in real life and need little support or refinement. TRUE or FALSE 9. When fidelity is checked right away supportive feedback is gathered and the intervention fine tuned quickly this is called: a) Maintenance b) Performance-based feedback c) Generalization d) Social Validity 10. The key dimensions of social validity are goals, method, outcomes and a) Sustainability b) Fidelity c) Situational Risk d) Performance on achievement tests Key: 1a, 2b, 3T, 4d, 5b, 6d, 7c, 8F, 9b, 10a Module 3.1 Quiz Matching C1. Requirement of the independent variable A2. Likelihood that causal statements can be so that causal statements can be made made when circumstances vary. Module 3.1 Quiz 6 D 3. Requirement of outcomes so that causal statements can be made. C. Treatment Integrity A. External Validity D. Replication B. Internal Validity 4. History, maturation and regression are examples of threats to: a) External validity b) Internal validity c) Integrity 5. Methodology should never be adapted during single case design research. TRUE or FALSE 6. According to Horner, et al, the presence of 5 single case studies, 3 different researchers in different locations, and 20 participants overall is one measure of: a) Internal Validity b) External Validity 7. Replication can be examined through: a) Multiple Baseline Design b) Across Study Comparison c) Withdrawal Design d) All of the above 8. Which of the following is not a common principle or procedure of single case design? a) Repeated measures over time b) Social validity c) Small numbers of participants d) Randomly assigning participants to groups 9. In Single Case Design, baseline is typically designated as “A” and intervention as “B”. TRUE or FALSE 10. In Single case design, the primary form of analysis through a) Quantitative Analysis b) Meta-Analysis c) Visual Analysis (graphing) Key 1c, 2a, 3d, 4b, 5f, 6b, 7d, 8d, 9T, 10c Module 3.2 Quiz Questions 1 and 2 refer the graph to the right Module 4.1 Self-Check Quiz 7 1. The dotted line represents a. Baseline b. Change in phase c. Dependent variable level 2. In this study, what is the dependent variable a. School b. Performance Feedback c. Percentage of Items Observed 3. Which of the following are ways to visually analyze the dependent data? a. Within phase characteristics b. Between or across phase characteristics c. Considering all variables simultaneously d. None of the above e. All of the above 4. In research, if data are not representative because of a change in conditions, such as teacher absences, fire drills, late to school, child is ill, the measurement during that session should not be discarded even if discard rules have been established. TRUE or FALSE 5. Which of the following is not an advantage of using visual analysis in single case design? a. Team members can rely on the researcher to explain the meaning of the results b. Shows each condition and length of components c. Displays organization and logic of design d. Allows for decisions while a study is underway 6. Which axis in a graph shows the information about measuring the dependent variables? a. Vertical Axis b. Horizontal Axis 7. Which axis in a graph has information about measures of time, experimental values or conditions? a. Vertical Axis b. Horizontal Axis 8. If intervention effects are at first significant but are then lessened or weakened within an intervention conclusion, there may be a loss of: a. Social Validity b. External Validity c. Experimental Control Module 4.1 Self-Check Quiz 8 Figure 1 Figure 2 9. In Figure 1, what is the difference between the two graphs? a. Scale b. Dependent Variable c. Independent Variable d. Experimental Control 10. In Figure 2, what should be examined further? a. Internal Validity b. Experimental Control c. Baseline Data d. None of the Above e. All of the Above Key 1b, 2c, 3e, 4f, 5a, 6a, 7b, 8c, 9a, 10e, Module 4.1 Self-Check Quiz Match the research question with the research design 1. Is an intervention effect with causation arguable depending on replication? B A) Case Study (A-B) 2. Does the intervention seems to be working, or do adjustments need to be made? No causation can be argued. A B) Withdrawal Design 3. Does the interventions work (a) across settings, (b) individuals, or (c) different C) Reversal Design behaviors of an individual? D 4. Does the intervention work with causal D) Multiple Baseline Design and conceptual explanations confirmed? C Module 4.1 Self-Check Quiz 9 5. BAB Design is a type of what category of research design? A) Case Study B) Withdrawal Design C) Reversal Design D) Multiple Baseline Design 6. Which of the following is true of reversal design? A) Baseline data are collected simultaneously across three conditions B) It is an ABA design C) Useful when an intervention is needed immediately D) It can involve the application of two or more contingencies to an alternative and incompatible behavior Match the research design with its typical graph 7. A) Case Study Module 4.1 Self-Check Quiz 10 B) Withdrawal Design C) Multiple Baseline Design D) Multiple Probe Design 8. A) Case Study B) Withdrawal Design C) Multiple Baseline Design D) Multiple Probe Design 9. A) Case Study B) Withdrawal Design C) Multiple Baseline Design D) Multiple Probe Design Module 4.1 Self-Check Quiz 11 10. A) Case Study B) Withdrawal Design C) Multiple Baseline Design D) Multiple Probe Design Key 1b, 2a, 3d, 4c, 5b, 6d, 7d, 8a, 9b, 10c Module 4.2 Self-Check Quiz Match each description to its appropriate research design. 1. Separate interventions are 3. Two or more treatments or consistently paired with distinct conditions are rapidly alternated stimulus conditions across different stimulus conditions. D C 2. Two or more interventions are 4. When a criterion level of implemented in the same study performance is met, it serves as the B baseline for the next stepwise criterion A Module 4.1 Self-Check Quiz 12 c. Alternating Treatment a. Changing Criterion Design Design b. Multiple Treatment Design d. Multi-Element Design 5. Which type of research design does not addresses the question: Which intervention works better? a. Changing Criterion Design b. Multiple Treatment Design c. Alternating Treatment Design d. Multi-Element Design 6. Choose the correct statement regarding Changing Criterion Designs. a. Can be used to compare the effects of two or more interventions on one behavior b. Patterns of intervention can be applied in alternating sessions c. Separate interventions are consistently paired with distinct stimulus conditions d. Appropriate for target behaviors in which immediate and dramatic changes are unrealistic and must be shaped across time 7. Which of the following research questions is not necessarily addressed by Alternating Treatment Design? a. Does one intervention consistently produce more change? b. Are the criteria being met for the target behavior? c. Does one intervention consistently produce more rapid change? d. Which intervention works better? Match the research design with its typical graph. 8. Module 4.3 Self-Check Quiz 13 a. Changing Criterion Design b. Multiple Treatment Design c. Alternating Treatment Design d. Multi-Element Design 9. Module 4.3 Self-Check Quiz 14 a. Changing Criterion Design b. Multiple Treatment Design c. Alternating Treatment Design d. Multi-Element Design 10. Module 4.3 Self-Check Quiz 15 a. Changing Criterion Design b. Multiple Treatment Design c. Alternating Treatment Design d. Multi-Element Design Key 1d, 2b, 3c, 4a, 5a, 6d, 7b, 8b, 9a, 10d Module 4.3 Self-Check Quiz Match the research design type to its description Module 4.3 Self-Check Quiz 16 1. Variation of one or more parameters 3. Multiple interventions are of a variable in an experiment B introduced at the same time C 2. Systematically adds or subtracts, and verifies the contributions of a. Component Analysis elements or discrete parts of the independent variable or treatment b. Parametric Analysis package. A c. Simultaneous Treatment Design 4. In this type of baseline, all conditions are held constant except for variable that is the focus of comparisons between baseline and intervention a. Controlled Baseline b. Uncontrolled Baseline c. Natural Baseline d. Criterion Baseline 5. In this type of schedule, separate reinforcement contingencies are simultaneously available, and the allocation of behavior to each option is assessed a. Multiple Schedule b. Concurrent Schedule 6. In this type of schedule, the same behavior are treated differently in the presence of different stimuli a. Multiple Schedule b. Concurrent Schedule 7. Which type of research design addresses the research question “Will the independent variable alter the dependent variable? a. Multiple Treatment b. Alternating Treatment c. Simultaneous Treatment d. Withdrawal Design 8. Which type of research design addresses the research question “Will independent variable 1 or independent variable 2 alter the independent variable to a greater degree?” a. Reversal Design b. Multi-Elements Design c. Multiple Probe Design d. Changing Criterion Design 9. What type of research design addresses the research question “Will adding or removing an element of a multicomponent intervention change the level of the dependent variable?” Module 4.3 Self-Check Quiz 17 a. Parametric Analysis b. Changing Criterion Design c. Component Analysis d. Alternating Treatment Design 10. What type of research design addresses the research question, “What effect will increases in the level of the independent variable have on the dependent variable?” a. Parametric Analysis b. Changing Criterion Design c. Component Analysis d. Alternating Treatment Design Key 1b, 2a, 3c, 4a, 5b, 6a, 7d, 8b, 9c, 10a Module 5 Quiz 1. Reconstructing sufficient baseline data from existing documentation is a possible alternative to a long baseline when addressing challenging behavior. TRUE or FALSE 2. Which of the following is not a good alternative for prolonged baseline in a single case design? a. Shortening baseline b. Collecting no baseline data c. Multiple probe design d. Alternating treatment design 3. Developing and scheduling follow-up probes is an appropriate way to measure: a. Maintenance b. Generalization c. Both of the above d. Neither of the above 4. This must be demonstrated in circumstances that are different from the experiment: a. Maintenance b. Generalization 5. This must be demonstrated in the absence of treatment after treatment is withdrawn: a. Maintenance b. Generalization Key 1T, 2b, 3c, 4b, 5a
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'