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Z315- Midterm Study Guide

by: Mike Krumtinger

Z315- Midterm Study Guide 29399

Marketplace > Indiana University > 29399 > Z315 Midterm Study Guide
Mike Krumtinger
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Study Guide for Music for Film
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Mike Krumtinger on Monday March 9, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 29399 at Indiana University taught by in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 69 views.


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Date Created: 03/09/15
Z315 Music for Film Midterm Study Guide FORMAT 0 23 Short essays 0 Multiple choices 0 1 Longer essay 0 12 viewing scenes and analysis What are the differences between DiegeticNondiegeticMetadiegetic What rationale do vou use to determine this in potentially blurry uses Diegetic sound is any sound presented as originated from source within the film39s world It has a source visible on the screen or whose source is implied to be present by the action of the film e g voices of characters sounds made by objects in the story music represented as coming from instruments in the story space source music NonDiegetic sound is represented as coming from the a source outside story space It is sound whose source is neither visible on the screen nor has been implied to be present in the action e g narrator39s commentary sound effects which is added for the dramatic effect mood music Metadiegetic sound is that part of a diegesis that is embedded in another one and is often understood as a story within a story as when a diegetic narrator himselfherself tells a story What are the functions that music can serve in a film to add emotional specificity to character or a scene and can relay characters unspoken thought and in uencing and organizing time music as cinematic practice 0 used to accompany and advance perception of narrative not selfsufficient one independent of the other 0 reinforcing one of many possible interpretations genre films create audience expectations What were the three common categories of film score in the silent movie era 1c 1910early 1920s Background typical instrumentation etc Improvised scores extemporaneous never entirely made up on the spot most common solo keyboard Compilation scores drawn together from library and edited to fit the picture rely on deep knowledge of library Special score material composed for specific picture often contains compiled elements rarely new Transitioning to sound histog Objectives Technologies brands etc Quest for synchronization 1894 Edison partnered sound with film Europe too Problems poor amplification restricted recording length poor audio quality poor sync between phonographs and projectors large startup cost What changed Late 1910s developments in Radio broadcasting Electric amplification public address systems Experiments split into two branches Soundondisc vitaphone Soundonfilm phonophone 1923 Theodore CaseLee de Forest phonophone system Vitaphone sound had matured Fox Movietone soundonfilm Vitaphone electric amplification improved fidelity Phonofilm sound optically printed on film itself Soundondisc snag distribution wax records breakable synchronization editing Term Bank Transitions refers to how one shot replaces the other Ex cut fade inout dissolve wipe iris Style topics kind of music that is in the film signify certain mood or character ex Indian style music in a Western conventional musical figure that evokes represents or signify a particular mood place emotion or some other character trait Flashbacks is an interjected scene that takes the narrative back in time from the current point in the story Flashbacks are often used to recount events that happened before the story39s primary sequence of events to fill in crucial backstory Sound effects In motion picture and television production a sound effect is a sound recorded and presented to make a specific storytelling or creative point without the use of dialogue or music The term often refers to a process applied to a recording without necessarily referring to the recording itself In professional motion picture and television production dialogue music and sound effects recordings are treated as separate elements Dialogue and music recordings are never referred to as sound effects even though the processes applied to them such as reverberation or anging effects often are called quotsound effectsquot Musical styles is the score s concept based in an established musical style e g rock pop Americana classical folk minimalist jazz and blues etc Does the composer combine one or more stylistic elements Leitmotivs Intentionallyrepeated recurring element or theme associated with a particular person idea milieu or action the element presents itself as a repeated sound shot bit of dialogue piece of music etc that helps unify a film by reminding the viewer of its earlier appearance sometimes presented along with a film39s tag line on a film poster Stingers Is the score accenting specific moments in the drama with the music Related terms include mickeymousing stingers etc In general the biggerthanlife the drama is the more effective the technique of hitting the action is can be used for many purposes splash screens logos highlights underlining a point but the most common use of Stingers is in the transition between scenes Look at an episode of quotFriendsquot Every time the story moves from one location to another we see a little shot of the new location and the music plays a quotStingerquot SHMRG SSound Instrumentation what do you hear 0 Texture Dense Sparse Is the piece Homophonic Polyphonic imitative Monophonic Heterophonic 0 Can you hear a clear melody and accompaniment If so what is the style of accompaniment Block chords Arpeggiated Oompahpah Drone Does the texture change 0 What is the relationship of the different lines and instruments 0 Dynamics Narrow or broad range ppp pp p mp mf f ff fff 0 Tempo Grave Largo Adagio Andante Moderato Allegretto Allegro Vivace Presto HHarmony Is the piece primarily consonant or dissonant Is it in a key 0 Dissonance lack of harmony among musical notes a tension or clash resulting from the combination of two disharmonious or unsuitable elements Does the composer use major or minor tonality What kinds of triads are used e g power chords Jazz chords etc Do the chords move unexpectedly e g Whole tone motion chromatic scales modal scales sudden modulations Harmonic rhythm Does the harmony change quickly every beat or slowly every measure or less What kind of cadences do you hear at the points of rest MMelody Intervals Does the melody move mostly stepwise conjunct or are there some notable skipsleaps disjunct Perhaps there s a combination Is it consonant or dissonant Chromatic Diatonic Modal Does the melody have a large or small range Do you hear any repetition or patterns e g sequences Is there a shape to the melody How are the phrases created Is it Ascending Descending A wave Arch RRhythm Surface rhythm Overall rhythmic progression e g acceleration slowing etc What are the main rhythmic patterns Ostinatos syncopations Time signatureMeter Duple or Triple Simple or Compound Is there a particular rhythmic pattern in the melodic line and something else in the accompaniment What is the relationship between melodic and harmonic rhythm GGrowth Form What is the basic structure of the piece Can you hear motives and phrases Is its overall form Ternary Binary Variation Sonata How are the sections delineated At important structural moments does the composer change keys melodic types instrumentation texture dynamics range


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